Chapter 2 - The historical evolution of the U.S. industrial relations system. The main contents of the chapter consist of the following: The colonial and preindustrial era, early unionism, the need for national unions, the rise of the AFL, the evolution of management in industrial relations, the rise of industrial unionism, the new deal labor policy, the Post-World War II evolution of the new deal system.
The study of the formation and early evolution of stars has been an ever
growing part of astrophysical research. Traditionally, often in the shadow of
its big brothers (i.e., the study of stellar structure, stellar atmospheres and
the structure of galaxies), it has become evident that early stellar evolution
research contributes essentially to these classical fields. There are a few new
items on the list of traditional astrophysical studies, some of which are more
related to features known from the extreme late stages of stellar evolution.
"Ah, well," an American visitor is said to have soliloquized on the site of the battle of Hastings, "it is but a
little island, and it has often been conquered." We have in these few pages to trace the evolution of a great
empire, which has often conquered others, out of the little island which was often conquered itself.
EVOLVING MOBILE NETWORKS
While the history of mobile communications is long [1–3], and the background of mo bile networks therebyx is also long, in this chapter we focus on the historic evolution in terms of network architecture and services starting with 2nd generation (2G) mobile systems. In particular we consider the development of the architecture of Global Systems for Mobile Communications (GSM), since it is by far the most widespread mobile system in the world today.
The aim of this chapter is to discuss briefly possible developments of VSAT future technology. The introduction of this book emphasised the fact that VSAT networks are part of the historical evolution of earth station technology towards a reduction insize and cost. From the link analysis developed in Chapter 5, it has become clearthat this evolution was possible thanks to the availability of satellite transponders with high EIRP and G/r.
Bridge Design Practice in China
Historical Evolution • Bridge Design Techniques • Experimental Research of Dynamic and Seismic Loads • Wind Tunnel Test Techniques • Bridge Construction Techniques
General Description • Examples of Beam Bridges
General Description • Examples of Masonry Arch Bridge • Examples of Prestressed Concrete, Reinforced Concrete, and Arch Bridges
The evolution of technological advances in infrared sensor technology, image processing, “smart”
algorithms, knowledge-based databases, and their overall system integration has resulted in new methods
of research and use in medical infrared imaging. The development of infrared cameras with focal
plane arrays not requiring cooling added a new dimension to this modality. New detector materials
with improved thermal sensitivity are now available and production of high-density focal plane arrays
(640×480) has been achieved.
Design Practice in Russia
66.1 66.2 66.3 Introduction Historical Evolution
Masonry and Timber Bridges • Iron and Steel Bridges
Standardization of Superstructures • Features of Substructure
Bridge Design Theory and Methods
Design Codes and Speciﬁcations • Design Concepts and Philosophy • Concrete Structure Design • Steel Structure Design • Stability Design • Temporary Structure Design
Inspection and Test Techniques
Static Load Tests • Dynamic Load Tests • Running in of Bridge under Load
66.6 Simon A.
Every aspect of a network-storage, file transfers, backup-depends on the filesystem for structure, functionality, and integrity. Surprisingly, UNIX-the operating system of choice for mission-critical networks-has historically had little documentation on its filesystem structures. Written by Steve Pate, a sen-ior member of the VERITAS Filesystems Group, this book sheds light on the inner workings of UNIX filesystems and gives you the know-how to fine-tune your UNIX filesystems for optimal performance.
Computer science has drawn from and contributed to many
disciplines and practices since it emerged as a field in the
middle of the 20th century. Those interactions, in turn,
have contributed to the evolution of information technology:
New forms of computing and communications, and new applications,
continue to develop from the creative interaction of computer
science and other fields.
The Directive culminated in the passage of the 1989 Companies Act. Specifically, we
explore how the UK accountancy profession and the government were concerned to
construct, articulate and negotiate particular meanings of what it is to be professional, self
regulated, independent and commercial. The second episode concerns the impact on the
accounting profession of the Financial Services Act. Initially, this regulation, developed to
improve "investor protection" as well as to abolish restrictive practices, was understood to be
unrelated to the work of accountants.
This book provides a modern and basic introduction to a branch of international
law constantly gaining in importance in international life, namely international
humanitarian law (the law of armed conflict). It is constructed in a way suitable for
self-study. The subject matters are discussed in self-contained chapters, allowing each
to be studied independently of the others.
Popular American ﬁlms penetrate nearly every aspect of contemporaryWestern life, and to
an only somewhat lesser degreemost all cultures of the world. Historically, there are powerful
sociological, cultural, economic, and even political reasons for this, but we would also argue
thatHollywood-style ﬁlmhas evolved so that ﬁlmmakers havemore control over the attention
of ﬁlmgoers (Smith 2006) and, in essence, the humanmind. One source of evidence concerns
the changing pattern of shot lengths.
Historical Dictionary of Modern Chinese Literature 49 presents a broad perspective on the development and history of literature in modern China. This book offers a chronology, introduction, bibliography, and over 300 cross-referenced dictionary entries on authors, literary and historical developments, trends, genres, and concepts that played a central role in the evolution of modern Chinese literature.
Historical Dictionary of Modern Chinese Literature 1 presents a broad perspective on the development and history of literature in modern China. This book offers a chronology, introduction, bibliography, and over 300 cross-referenced dictionary entries on authors, literary and historical developments, trends, genres, and concepts that played a central role in the evolution of modern Chinese literature.
During the last decades we have been experiencing the historic evolution of Information
and Communication Technology’s integration into our society to the point that
many times people use it transparently. As we become able to do more and more with
our advanced technologies, and as we hide them and their complexities completely
from their users, we will have accomplished the envisioned “magic” desideratum that
any advanced technology must fulfi ll in Arthur Clarke’s vision.
My goal in this book is to introduce the reader to the evidence,
both historical and contemporary, for how the reciprocal interactions
between people and nature have developed, the urgency for
action now to prevent truly disastrous consequences, and to make
suggestions as to how we might go about doing so. While the book
does not follow the usual organization for an introduction to human
ecology, cultural ecology, or ecological anthropology text, the book
covers much of this material in what I hope is a more engaging
During the emergence of sociology as an academic discipline the questions
about the origins, status and functions of constitutions were widely
posed. Indeed, for both thematic and methodological reasons, the analysis
of constitutions was a central aspect of early sociology. Sociology
developed, however ambiguously, as a critical intellectual response to the
theories and achievements of the Enlightenment in the eighteenth
century, the political dimension of which was centrally focused on the
theory and practice of constitutional rule....
Historical Dictionary of Modern Chinese Literature 34 presents a broad perspective on the development and history of literature in modern China. This book offers a chronology, introduction, bibliography, and over 300 cross-referenced dictionary entries on authors, literary and historical developments, trends, genres, and concepts that played a central role in the evolution of modern Chinese literature.
In his opening address to the conference, Jon wood, who coordinates the
research programme at the Institute, traced the origins of the conference to a
series of exploratory conversations on the relationship between archaeology
and contemporary art with independent curator Katy rochester. From the
outset, wood, rochester and their colleagues in leeds sought proposals from
archaeologists who were interested in sculpture and in sharing new ideas
with sculpture historians.