.Representing Landscape Architecture
It has been said that we can realize only what we can imagine; but to realize what we imagine, we must convey those ideas to others as well as present them to ourselves. We use images, models, and words—alone or in combination—to conceive, study, test, construct, and evaluate new landscapes or modify old ones. Given the transient nature of most landscapes—always growing, always changing— landscape representation presents a special challenge. It is by no means neutral in a political sense or even in terms of design evaluation.
When asked where landscape architects work,
many people might point out their back door to
the garden. It would be more accurate, however,
to look out the front door. The landscape is
anywhere and everywhere outdoors, and
landscape architects are shaping the face of
the Earth across cities, towns and countryside
alike. Landscape architecture involves shaping
and managing the physical world and the natural
systems that we inhabit. Landscape architects
do design gardens, but what is critical is that the
garden, or any other outdoor space, is seen in
Remote sensing has been defined as the detection, recognition, or evaluation of
objects by means of distant sensing or recording devices. In recent decades, remote
sensing technology has emerged to support data collection and analysis methods of
potential interest and importance in forest management. Historically, digital remote
sensing developed quickly from the technology of aerial photography and photointerpretation
science. In forestry, information extracted visually from aerial photographs
is well-understood, well-used, and integrated with field surveys.
English Heritage is the Government’s adviser on the historic environment.Central to our role is the advice we give to local planning authorities and governmentdepartments on development proposals affecting historic buildings,sites and areas,archaeology on land and underwater,designed landscapes and the historic aspects of the landscape as a whole.We also manage an estate of over 400 historic propertiesopen to the public.This guidance is intended for developers of wind energy projectswhich may affect any of these aspects of the historic environment.
The Royal Botanic Gardens and Domain are an important part of the Sydney landscape historically, horticulturally and as a site for public celebration and relaxation. Demand for presenting events on these premium locations is extremely high. To manage the demand and potential overuse of the sites, several conditions must be applied. This guide will assist clients in presenting proposals for a special event to be held in the Gardens and/or Domain which are administered by the Botanic Gardens Trust (Trust).
This book is an explanation and analysis of micro cap stocks.
These very small companies have endured a checkered history. In
general terms, micro caps are large in absolute numbers but
historically have been a small and misunderstood sector of the
investment landscape. In this world of efficient markets and index
funds, this perception has started to change. Many micro cap com-
panies are well-managed, high-quality businesses that present an
excellent investment opportunity.
This book explores four overlapping themes in biogeography among multiple plant
and animal groups, across subcontinental to global spatial scales, and over
evolutionary time. These four themes include: 1) biogeographic theory and tests of
concepts and processes; 2) the regional biogeography of individual taxa; 3) historical
and contemporary biogeography of complex landscapes; and 4) the evolutionary
biogeography of macrotaxa.
In the first chapter of the conceptual biogeography section, Khalid Al Mutairi et al.
The historic character of the landscape shouldtherefore be considered alongside other aspects ofcharacter and visual and aesthetic issues when framingplanning policies or determining individual applications,and landscape capacity and sensitivity analyses shouldalways include the historic dimension.Where localauthorities have completed an appraisal of this historic dimension of the landscape as part of theEnglish Heritage-sponsored Historic LandscapeCharacterisation programme,this appraisal should be incorporated in the overall assessment of landscape impact.
Wind energy developments may impair the setting ofhistoric sites and can compromise the visual amenity ofthe wider landscape,detracting from historic character,sense of place,tranquillity and remoteness.In certainconditions,indirect impacts can also include noise andshadow flicker from turbines.Turbines towers are now typically in excess of 60 metres in height and may have a zone of visualinfluence more than ten kilometres in radius.
Some persons enjoy landscapes rather like big art. Landscape paintings give
us a taste for the real thing. What we want is not ecology, but natural art.
Consider the autumn leaves in their colour, so much admired by my mother
and father, indeed by us all. If one is a formalist, then it does not matter
how the landscape originated. Find a vantage point where trees near and far,
foreground and background, are pleasantly framed, and admire the vista. The
historical genesis is irrelevant. A drive through the countryside is something
like a walk through a museum of landscape paintings....
Historic sites are a finite resource which cannot bereplaced once damaged or destroyed.In contrast withsome nature conservation or landscape designations,which may embrace very extensive tracts of land,designated historic sites tend to be more limited inextent.For example,the average area of a scheduledmonument is only 2.5 hectares and the average area of a registered park and garden is 108 hectares.Listedbuildings and their curtilages generally occupy farsmaller areas.
We also believe that high quality design should play akey role in minimising any adverse effects of projects,whether this is directed at the disposition of windturbines and energy crops in the landscape or thepositioning of photo-voltaic cells on historic buildings.Fundamental to achieving high quality design will be asound understanding of the character and importanceof the historic asset involved,whether at the scale ofindividual buildings and sites or more extensive historicareas and landscapes.
Latinas stand at a unique historical juncture in the reproductive justice movement. A new wave of Latinas are coming of
age, changing the political and social landscape of this country. Without question, Latina civic and political inﬂuence will
grow exponentially over the next decade, making their involvement and leadership in the reproductive rights movement a
prerequisite for success.
The need for reproductive justice for Latinas has never been greater.
German case syncretism is often assumed to be the accidental by-product of historical development. This paper contradicts this claim and argues that the evolution of German case is driven by the need to optimize the cognitive effort and memory required for processing and interpretation. This hypothesis is supported by a novel kind of computational experiments that reconstruct and compare attested variations of the German deﬁnite article paradigm.