The UI Modernization Act made $7
billion in incentive payments available to states to encourage them to reform their UI programs.
States could receive one-third of their incentive payment by adopting an alternative base
period, which allows workers with shorter, more recent work histories to be eligible for UI
benefits. A total of 41 states received their one-third share, including 21 states that responded
with legislative changes.
Recent developments in pest-borne diseases, such as cases of West Nile fever in the United
States of America and the spread of Lyme disease in both Europe and North America,
have signalled strongly the crucial need to carefully assess the potential threat of urban
pests to public and environmental health. Also, modern living conditions, urban sprawl
and emerging changes in climate make the spread of pests and pest-borne diseases increa-
singly likely. The effects of these conditions and changes need to be properly monitored