.Hospitals in a changing Europe
.European Observatory on Health Care Systems Series
Series Editors Josep Figueras is Head of the Secretariat and Research Director of the European Observatory on Health Care Systems and Head of the European Centre for Health Policy, World Health Organization Regional Ofﬁce for Europe. Martin McKee is Research Director of the European Observatory on Health Care Systems and Professor of European Public Health at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine as well as a co-director of the School’s European Centre on Health of Societies in Transition.
Supported and approved by the National Institute of Justice (NIJ), the Technical Working Group on Education in Fraud and Forensic Accounting (TWG) is a diverse group of content area experts: professionals working across the broad spectrum of activities that constitute fraud prevention, deterrence, detection, investigation, and remediation (hereinafter "fraud") and forensic accounting.
Being researchers fortunate enough to be funded as part of the Social and
Behavioral Science grant program of the Health Resources and Services
Administration (HRSA), we attend several yearly meetings where fellow grantees
presented their ﬁndings. Year after year we listen to our colleagues’ presentations
of intervention calamity and recovery. Reports of campaigns leading to increases
in hospital consent rates and workplace interventions increasing the number of
registered workers are commonplace.
War, war, war. For me the beginning of the war was a torchlight tattoo on Salisbury Plain. It was held on one
of those breathless evenings in July when the peace of Europe was trembling in the balance, and when most of
us had a heartache in case--in case England, at this time of internal crisis, did not rise to the supreme sacrifice.
It was just the night for a tattoo--dark and warm and still. Away across the plain a sea of mist was rolling,
cutting us off from the outside world, and only a few pale stars lighted our stage from above.
In response to continuing concerns over access to health care by theuninsured, the W. K. Kellogg Foundation in 1998 launched an initia-tivecalled "Community Voices." The goal of the initiative is to assistlocal organizations in strengthening community support services,giving the underserved a voice in the debate over health-care access,and identifying ways to meet the needs of those
Tourism is a dynamic part of our economy. The global hospitality and tourism industry, which blends
the lodging, food, attractions, cultural and travel industries, is the world’s largest industry with $4.5
trillion in expenditures generating 212 million jobs. The World Tourism Organization (WTO) currently
projects that by the year 2010, 338 million people will be employed in the industry that will grow to
$8.4 trillion in expenditures.
This series constitutes a collection of selected papers presented at the International
Conference on Medical Imaging and Informatics (MIMI2007), held during August
14–16, in Beijing, China. The conference, the second of its kind, was funded by the
European Commission (EC) under the Asia IT&C programme and was co-organized
by Middlesex University, UK and Capital University of Medical Sciences, China.
The aim of the conference was to initiate links between Asia and Europe and to
exchange research results and ideas in the field of medical imaging.
The success of the concert was clearly monumental – MTV donated millions of dollars’
worth of free airtime, and PSI was able to air PSAs across the globe that encouraged
healthy behavior and empowerment. To many, Roberts and her team had opened the
door for large-scale partnerships with alternative audiences for PSI; it was uncharted
territory for the organization but proved to be successful in illuminating the YouthAIDS
brand and PSI’s work.
As YouthAIDS took off, it attracted donations from a wide variety of sources, large and
An FMI should effectively measure, monitor, and manage its credit exposures to participants
and those arising from its payment, clearing, and settlement processes. An FMI should
maintain sufficient financial resources to cover its credit exposure to each participant fully
with a high degree of confidence.
Chapter 125. Health Care– Associated Infections (Part 2)
Organization, Responsibilities, and Increasing Scrutiny of InfectionControl Programs
The standards of the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations require all accredited hospitals to have an active program for surveillance, prevention, and control of nosocomial infections. Education of physicians in infection control and health care epidemiology is required in infectious disease fellowship programs and is available by online courses.
Historic notification and hospitalization data were used to calculate annual rates of
campylobacteriosis in New Zealand during 1980–2009 for notifications and 1996–2009 for
hospitalizations. A detailed descriptive analysis was then undertaken to examine the
epidemiology of campylobacteriosis for the 12-year period 1997–2008 on the basis of notified
and hospitalized cases.
Women usually produce one mature egg per menstrual cycle. Because IVF is so expensive,
current clinical practice is to give women hormonal drugs to stimulate multiple eggs in one
cycle, to increase their chances of pregnancy. For this process, women inject three different
hormones over the course of four to six weeks to “shut down” their ovaries, “hyperstimulate”
them, and to control the timing that the mature eggs will be released.
significant ramifications for the overall health of seniors. Firstly, seniors tend to turn to their doctors as
their primary source of medical information. Secondly, they have, in general, resisted turning to the
Internet for their primary medical information seeking needs. These two characteristics are significant due
to changing trends in medicine. With HMO’s and hospitals demanding that doctors see a certain number
of patients each day, the average amount of time a doctor spends with her patient is fifteen minutes
(Belzer 1999, n.p.).
The objective of this phase is to produce one or more alternatives to the current situation, which satisfy the
strategic goals of the enterprise. The first step in this phase is benchmarking. “Benchmarking is the comparing of
both the performance of the organization’s processes and the way those processes are conducted with those relevant
peer organizations to obtain ideas for improvement.” The peer organizations need not be competitors or even
from the same industry. Innovative practices can be adopted from anywhere, no matter what their source.
To enhance usability, the Guide has been organized to follow the numbering of the CPR, with
explanations and documentation information separately accessible through hyperlinks via the
table of contents. Additional hyperlinks to relevant documents, such as the ACGME Policy and
Procedures Manual, Institutional Requirements, ACGME Glossary of Terms and Common
Acronyms, and FAQs are also included.
Selected resources available on the ACGME website that might be especially useful for new
program directors have been collected together as part of the Guide and are listed below.
This guidance summarises current best practice. However, careful and detailed
briefing and design development are crucial to ensure the best solution is
developed for the particular needs of each school. The information in this
document, therefore, is simply a starting point and a checklist for schools and their
design teams, rather than a presentation of final designs.
The pseudomonads are a heterogeneous group of gram-negative bacteria that have in common an inability to ferment lactose. Once classified in the genus Pseudomonas, the members of this group are now assigned to three medically important genera—Pseudomonas, Burkholderia, and Stenotrophomonas—whose biologic behaviors encompass both similarities and marked differences and whose genetic makeups differ in many respects. The pathogenicity of most pseudomonads is based on opportunism; the exceptions are the organisms that cause melioidosis (B. pseudomallei) and glanders (B. mallei). P.
The purpose of this document is to provide hospitals and the Joint
Commission on Accreditation of Hospitals Organization (JCAHO) a
guide prepared by medical physicists recommending tests and proce-
dures for medical lasers to maintain a high level of quality care in a safe
environment. The guidance for safe use of laser systems for diagnosis
and therapy is intended for use by all health care personnel associated
with laser systems’ operation (physicians, nurses, medical physicists),
maintenance (engineers), and service (biomedical technicians).
Physical damage functions relating health (mortality and morbidity) to air pollution
levels have been estimated over a number of years in different countries. Although
the net effect of pollutants on health is unclear, the Committee of the Medical Effects
of Air Pollution (COMEAP), set up by the UK government has found the strongest
link between health and pollution to be for particulates (PM10), sulphur dioxide (SO2)
and ozone (O3) (Department of Health, 1998).
This explicit step requires the program to seek explanations for unusually high or
low outcomes on each indicator. The organization should establish a routine process
for examining the findings from the latest outcome reports. For example, exhibit 11
compares outcomes for three family service units on one particular demographic
characteristic. The two outlying values circled in the exhibit indicate unusual outcomes
that a program manager will likely want to investigate.