Host populations

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  • Host Factors in Infection For any infectious process to occur, the pathogen and the host must first encounter each other. Factors such as geography, environment, and behavior thus influence the likelihood of infection. Although the initial encounter between a susceptible host and a virulent organism frequently results in disease, some organisms can be harbored in the host for years before disease becomes clinically evident. For a complete view, individual patients must be considered in the context of the population to which they belong.

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  • Dualism is a dominant theory of life that considers reality to be a balance between two independent and fundamental principles: good and evil, mind and matter, nature and nurture. In the same manner we see the thread of dualism run through the ecology of parasitism: they can generate diversity but cause extinction, they may castrate a host but increase its growth rate, and they can stimulate an immune response but at the same time encourage a secondary chronic infection.

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  • Cancer is one of the leading causes of deaths in the industrialized world (World Health Organization [WHO], 2004) and the second leading cause of death in Germany (Federal Statistical Office of Germany [DeStatis], 2007). It has been demonstrated that migrant cancer incidence and mortality differs in general from cancer patterns in the respective host population. Cancer is known to have a long latency period between exposure and disease onset. Important exposure factors can be traced back to childhood and young adulthood.

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  • This report provides a basic but comprehensive demographic, social, economic and health profile of Cambodia’s older population based on the 2004 Survey of Elderly in Cambodia (SEC), a representative survey of persons age 60 and over conducted in Phnom Penh and the five largest provinces. As such it represents the first comprehensive examination of the situation of Cambodian elders based on a widely representative sample.

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  • the large, well-organised and informed Somalia diaspora repatriate significant remittances and, to a very considerable extent, Somalis (especially urban communities) subsist on these remittances. remittances have been used to invest in a flourishing private sector in Somalia, including private health care services. However, these investments are not aggregated nor under control of central authorities, are not distributed according to need and so are not strategically focussed, efficient or egalitarian. the status of educational attainment in the country is very low.

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  • The third model is constructed by CIBC, following their usual data mining procedure for a direct marketing campaign. The modeller at CIBC trained the model, and then passed on to us the validation result. The supervised learning algorithm of their choice is linear logistic regression. A considerable amount of time is spent on data preparation, including variable selection, variable transformation, and variable imputation. The first step in their modelling procedure is to significantly reduce the number of input variables by performing exploratory analysis on the data.

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  • Palliative Care: The goal of palliative care is to improve the quality of a seriously ill person’s life, and to support the patient and family when faced with terminal illness. This includes managing physical symptoms, assessing psychological and spiritual needs, patient support system and discharge planning issues. Palliative care is part of hospice care, but it can begin any time during a patient’s illness. A team approach to palliative care is optimal, with the primary care provider and social services playing an active role.

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Resistance to Plasmopara viticola in a grapevine segregating population is associated with stilbenoid accumulation and with specific host transcriptional responses

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  • SQL injection vulnerabilities have been described as one of the most serious threats for Web applications [3, 11]. Web applica- tions that are vulnerable to SQL injection may allow an attacker to gain complete access to their underlying databases. Because these databases often contain sensitive consumer or user information, the resulting security violations can include identity theft, loss of con- fidential information, and fraud. In some cases, attackers can even use an SQL injection vulnerability to take control of and corrupt the system that hosts the Web application.

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  • In a detailed descriptive analysis, temporal trends in disease incidence and distribution were examined according to patient age, sex, socioeconomic status, ethnicity, urban versus rural dwelling, region (health board area), and season. Case-patients were assigned rurality and deprivation scores on the basis of their home domicile. For rurality assignment, we used a Statistics New Zealand classification system, which defines 7 grades of rurality on the basis of population size and employment address (18).

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về sinh học được đăng trên tạp chí sinh học Journal of Biology đề tài: Polymorphism of the hereditary rhabdovirus sigma in wild populations of its host, Drosophila melanogaster

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  • India is home to the largest number of children in the world, significantly larger than the number in China.1 The country has 20 per cent of the 0- 4 years’ child population of the world. The number of live births in the country is estimated to be 27 million,2 which again constitutes 20 per cent of the total number of live births in the world. Although the number of births is expected to gradually go down in the coming years, the relative load of India in the world in terms of child population is not going to lessen significantly for a long time to come.

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  • According to this edition of the Public Health Status and Forecast Reports (PHSF), the health of the Dutch population is developing rather well. Dutch life expec- tancy has increased in recent years, but this is not a reason to put on the brakes. On the contrary! This forecast shows that investing in health is not only possible but even essential to the Dutch economy. This report provides a lot of information on the health of the Dutch and the steps that need to be taken to improve it. It describes the results that have already been achieved and those that...

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  • A full-fledged study will begin in 2010, aiming to follow approximately 60,000 children throughout Japan until age 12. First, some ten Unit Centers will be selected throughout Japan. They will be comprised of social medicine, obstetrics and gynecology, and pediatric departments at universities and research institutes. With cooperation from regional medical organizations, these Unit Centers will be responsible for enrolling pregnant women, collecting biological samples, and other operations that require contact with the target population.

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  • Periodontal disease is one of the major dental pathologies that affect human populations worldwide at high prevalence rates (Petersen, 2003). Periodontal diseases represents a family of heterogeneous chronic inflammatory lesions that involve the periodontium, a connective tissue protected by the epithelium, important to attach the teeth to the bone in the jaws and to support the teeth during function (Taylor, 2003).

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  • SharePoint Portal Server is an essential part of the enterprise infrastructure for many businesses. Building on the success of previous versions of SharePoint For Dummies, this new edition covers all the latest features of SharePoint 2013 and provides you with an easy-to-understand resource for making the most of all that this version has to offer. You'll learn how to get a site up and running, branded, and populated with content, workflow, and management.

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  • populated with usernames that will authenticate with encrypted passwords. (See the section Section 6.4.2, The smbpasswd File," earlier in this chapter.) In addition, Samba must know the location of the smbpasswd file; if it is not in the default location (typically /usr/local/samba/private/smbpasswd), you can explicitly name it using the smb passwd file option. If you wish, you can use the update encrypted to force Samba to update the smbpasswd file with encrypted passwords each time a client connects to a non-encrypted password.

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  • The web-based questionnaire was hosted on commercial web space leased specifically for the project and participants were recruited through a variety of websites ix . This mechanism of data collection allowed a specific focus on (predominantly male) technology users such as computer gamers and music enthusiasts - two populations in which the consumption of counterfeit goods is believed to be frequent (ACG, 2003). The number of responses to the web-based questionnaire was 681. The overall sample size was 2370. ...

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  • Understanding the early pathogenesis of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is of critical importance to ongoing and future efforts to decrease the impact of FMD in endemic regions and prevent incursions to disease-free territories. The importance of the early phase of virus- host interaction lies in two key facts: 1) it is the early events which determine if a susceptible host becomes infected and 2) successful abrogation of the early events is the logical goal of vaccines and biotherapeutic countermeasures.

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  • Virtually every organism serves as the host for a complement of parasites. Parasitism is so common that it is rare to find classes of animals without members that have adopted a parasitic mode of living. Evidence gained from various archeological studies indicates that parasitic diseases existed in prehistoric human populations. Since there is no evidence to suggest that our long and intimate association with parasites will ever end, it seems reasonable to propose that the study of human parasites warrants some consideration.

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