Humanoid robots are developed to use the infrastructures designed for humans, to ease the interactions with humans, and to help the integrations into human societies. The developments of humanoid robots proceed from building individual robots to establishing societies of robots working alongside with humans. This book addresses the problems of constructing a humanoid body and mind from generating walk patterns and balance maintenance to encoding and specifying humanoid motions and the control of eye and head movements for focusing attention on moving objects....
Who is accountable under international law for the acts committed
by armed opposition groups? In today’s world the great majority of
political conﬂicts involve non-state actors attempting to exert a
political inﬂuence (such as overthrowing a government or bringing
about secession). Notwithstanding their impact on the course of
events, however, we tend to know little about these groups, and even
less about how to treat their actions legally.
When I first heard about ‘body language’ at a seminar in 1971, I became so excited about it that I wanted to learn more. The speaker told us about some of the research done by Professor Ray Birdwhistell at the University of Louisville, which had shown that more human communication took place by the use of gestures, postures, position and distances than by any other method.
In Think Like Your Customer Bill Stinnett draws upon more than two decades as a sales professional and consultant to the
Fortune 500 to offer you a powerful new approach for connecting with clients and building enduring, highly profitable
Teleoperation and Telerobotics
25.1 25.2 25.3 25.4 25.5 25.6 25.7 Introduction Hand Controllers
Control Handles • Control Input Devices • Universal Force-Reﬂecting Hand Controller (FRHC)
Antal K. Bejczy
California Institute of Technology
FRHC Control System ATOP Computer Graphics ATOP Control Experiments Anthropomorphic Telerobotics New Trends in Applications
In a general sense, teleoperator devices enable human operators to remotely perform mechanical actions usually performed by the human arm and hand.
The McKinsey Global Institute (MGI), established in 1990, is McKinsey & Company’s
business and economics research arm. MGI’s mission is to help leaders in the
commercial, public, and social sectors develop a deeper understanding of the
evolution of the global economy and to provide a fact base that contributes to
decision making on critical management and policy issues.
These Emerging Conclusions offer a preliminary analysis of the findings of four reports
from the Economies of Conflict policy research series, a project of Fafo’s Programme
for International Co-operation and Conflict Resolution (PICCR). These
reports are the first to emerge from the series, which examines the links between
certain private sector activity and armed conflict.
This book began many years ago as an inquiry into the legal issues sur-
rounding humanitarian intervention—which I define as the use of military
force to protect the victims of human rights violations. As I delved into the
matter, however, I found that the legal problems of humanitarian interven-
tion were inextricably intertwined with important ethical issues, including
whether or not all countries and their citizens have a duty to come to the
rescue of those whose lives are imperiled by the malicious behavior of their
own governments or by armed factions.
In a general sense, teleoperator devices enable human operators to remotely perform mechanical actions usually performed by the human arm and hand. Thus, teleoperators or the activities of teleoperation extend the manipulative capabilities of the human arm and hand to remote, physically hostile, or dangerous environments. In this sense, teleoperation conquers space barriers by performing manipulative mechanical actions at remote sites, as telecommunication conquers space barriers by transmitting information to distant places....
With time, it appeared mandatory to find the correct technique to determine the length of
the artificial chordae. Sarsam et al., 2002 passed one or more 5-0 e-PTFE sutures, supported
by a felt pledget through the fibrous portion of the papillary muscle. The suture was left
untied. The two arms of the suture were then passed once through the rough free edge of
the prolapsing leaflet from the ventricular to the atrial side.
The acts of lawlessness committed on September 11, 2001 were swiftly
followed by a ‘war on terror’. This book sets out the essential features
of the international legal framework against which the 9/11 attacks and
the lawfulness of measures taken in response thereto fall to be assessed.
It addresses, in an accessible manner, the relevant law in relation to:
‘terrorism’, questions as to ‘responsibility’ for it, the criminal law frame-
work, lawfulconstraints on the use of force, the humanitarian law that
governs in armed conﬂict, and international human rights law.
This book examines recent developments in sources of public international law, such
as treaties and custom operating among nations in their mutual relations, as well as
developments in some of the primary rule of law international institutions created by
Chordae tendinae reconstruction, in patients with prolapsed of anterior leaflet was done
by Matsumoto et al., 1999 in children using the following technique: double-armed
mattress e-PTFE sutures were passed through the free prolapsed edge from the
ventricular side to the atrial side and then the two ends were passed through the papillary
muscle at 3 to 4 mm from its top, drawing the free edge down to the entry point on the
papillary muscle of the two ends of the suture. The sutures were passed through a
pledget, which would be on the side where the sutures emerged...
The concept of Homology is fundamental to the field of comparative biology. In 1843, Richard Owen defined homology as "the same organ in different animals under every variety of form and function". Homology is evaluated strictly in an evolutionary context. That is, organs in two species are homologous only if the same structure was present in their last common ancestor. Organs as disparate as a bat's wing, a seal's flipper, a cat's limb and a human arm have a common underlying anatomy which was present in their last common ancestor and so therefore are homologous as forelimbs....
The day broke gray and dull. The clouds hung heavily, and there was a rawness in the air that suggested snow. A woman servant came into a room in which a child was sleeping and drew the curtains. She glanced mechanically at the house opposite, a stucco house with a portico, and went to the child’s bed. ‘Wake up, Philip,’ she said. She pulled down the bed-clothes, took him in her arms, and carried him downstairs. He was only half awake. ‘Your mother wants you,’ she said. She opened the door of a room on the floor below and...
Malnutrition in Somalia is a huge public health problem, negatively affecting growth, development
and survival of the population. Situational analysis shows a long term nutrition crisis characterised
by persistently high rates of acute and chronic malnutrition throughout the country with some
variation by zone and livelihood system. This situation reflects nearly two decades of armed conflict
and insecurity, with breakdown in social and public services coupled with recurrent droughts and
flooding seriously affecting food security and livelihoods.
Significantly, it could be argued that beauty always maintains an underlying
sense of disability and that increasing this sense over time may actually renew
works of art that risk to fall out of fashion because of changing standards of taste.
It is often the presence of disability that allows the beauty of an art work to
endure over time. Would the Venus de Milo still be considered one of the great
examples of both aesthetic and human beauty if she still had both her arms?
Perhaps it is an exaggeration to consider the Venus disabled, but René Magritte...
Performance animation or motion capture consist of measurement and recording of direct actions of
a real person or animal for immediate or delayed analysis and playback. The technique is especially
used today in production environments for 3D character animation. It involves mapping of
measurements onto the motion of the digital character. This mapping can be direct: e.g. human arm
motion controlling a character's arm motion or indirect: e.g. mouse movement controlling a
character's eye and head ...
Chapter 13 - Equilibrium and human movement. Learning objectives of this chapter include: Define torque, quantify resultant torques and identify the factors that affect resultant joint torques; identify the mechanical advantages associated with the different classes of levers and explain the concept of leverage within the human body; solve basic quantitative problems using the equations of static equilibrium;...
Since the introduction of the first industrial robot UNIMATE in a General Motors automobile
factory in New Jersey in 1961, robots have gained stronger and stronger foothold in the
industry. In the meantime, robotics research has been expanding from fix based robots to
mobile robots at a stunning pace. There have been significant milestones that are worth noting
in recent decades.