UNIVERSITY OF CALGARY YOUTH SUBSTANCE USE AND HUMAN CAPITAL FORMATION In this chapter, I use data on school assignments and outcomes of students across
schools within different metropolitan housing markets to assess parents revealed
preferences. To preview the results, I find little evidence that parents use Tiebout choice to
select effective schools over those with desirable peers, or that schools are on average more
effective in markets that offer more choice.
ESSAYS ON TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY AND HUMAN CAPITAL In fact, I do not estimate separate regressions for each MSA, but the general effect is
the same: Unreliability of the peer group measure produces an upward bias in the effect of
choice on the peer group gradient, and therefore in the interaction coefficient 1
GENERAL HUMAN CAPITAL AND SPECIALIZATION IN ACADEMIA The average income of their residents and the
rental price of housing, both endogenous, and the effectiveness of the local schools.21
An important omission is of all non-school exogenous amenities like beaches, parks,
views, and air quality. I develop here a best case for Tiebout choice, where schools are the
only factors in neighborhood desirability.
THE MOBILITY OF HIGHLY SKILLED HUMAN CAPITAL IN TAIWAN It is worth
considering whether the confidence regions exclude the sorts of effects that we would
expect if school effectiveness were a prime determinant of parental location decisions.
SEEING THE INVISIBLE: A TEST OF RATIONAL EXPECTATIONS IN THE VALUATION OF HUMAN CAPITAL Preferred
districts need not have particularly effective schools, however, when peer group enters into
parental valuations, as wealthy families can be stuck in ineffective schools by their
unwillingness to abandon the peer group offered. For parental valuations that place
substantial weight on school effectiveness, this becomes less likely as Tiebout choice
increases parents exit options.
INEQUALITY AND THE DISTRIBUTION OF HUMAN CAPITAL In the absence of parental sorting on school effectiveness, there is little theoretical
support for the claim that Tiebout choice markets create incentives for school administrators
to exert greater effort to raise student performance.
DETERMINANTS OF THE EARNINGS GAP BETWEEN BLACKS AND WHITES: A HUMAN CAPITAL APPROACH Tiebout Sorting and the Role of Peer Groups: Intuition
In this section I describe the Tiebout choice process and its observable implications
in the context of a very simple educational technology with peer effects.
Publisher: RANDPublished Time: RANDPages: 100Countries in the Arab region are faced with the challenge of developing their populations’ skills and technical knowledge, or human capital, in order to compete in the 21st century global economy. The authors describe the education and labor market initiatives implemented or under way in four countries in the Arab region ......
Nermien Al-Ali began her Intellectual Property (IP) career as the Managing Attorney of the IP
Department of one of Egypt’s leading international business law firms, Ibrachy & Dermarkar.
Then she counseled multinational clients on local and international IP laws and treaties. Her business
experience encouraged her to embark on researching models for managing IP and other
intellectual capital, leading to her teaching career.
HUMAN CAPITAL GAINS: HOW THE INVESTMENT AND ALLOCATION OF HUMAN CAPITAL AFFECTS THE PERFORMANCE OF HIGH TECHNOLOGY INITIAL PUBLIC OFFERING FIRMS A second reason
is that schools in more stratified markets are likely to be more internally homogenous; as the
sampling variance of the school average depends linearly on the within-school variance of
individual characteristics, more internally homogenous schools imply more reliable schoollevel
Exploring the Human Capital Contribution to Productivity, Profitability, and the Market Evaluation of the Firm Either of these effects would imply upward bias in estimates of 1
ϕ relative to the
effect of interest. To the extent that they are thought to be important, the results presented
in Table 1.4, 1.5, and 1.6 should be seen as upper bounds on the effect of Tiebout choice on
parental effectiveness sorting.
Firms, Workers, and Human Capital in Ghanaian Manufacturing My model is a much simplified version of so-called multicommunity models. I
maintain the usual assumptions that the number of communities is fixed and finite, and that
access to desirable communities is rationed through the real estate market.19 There is no
private sector that would de-link school quality from residential location. Although some
authors (i.e. Epple and Zelenitz, 1981) include a supply side of the housing market, I assume
that communities are endowed with perfectly inelastic stocks of identical houses....
Human Capital Investments and Interregional Wage Differences in a Southeast Asian Country Point estimates
of the choice-peer group interaction are almost uniformly negative, suggesting that
effectiveness sorting is less complete in high-choice than in low-choice markets. These
estimates are imprecise, however, and most cannot reject a zero effect.
HUMAN CAPITAL INVESTMENT BY PRIVATE EMPLOYERS IN BLAIR COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA, AS MEASURED A one standard deviation (0.28) increase in the choice index corresponds
with a reduction in mean scores of only about four points, about one-eighth of an MSA-level
standard deviation. Moreover, in some alternative specifications not reported here, the
coefficient estimate is statistically insignificant, though still negative.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về sinh học được đăng trên tạp chí sinh học quốc tế đề tài : Leveraging human capital to reduce maternal mortality in India: enhanced public health system or public-private partnership?
After studying this chapter, you should have a good understanding of: Why the management of knowledge professionals and knowledge itself are so critical in today's organizations; the importance of recognizing the interdependence of attracting, developing, and retaining human capital; the key role of social capital in leveraging human capital within and across the firm;...
Chapter 9 - Human capital theory: Applications to education and training. This chapter presents the following content: Factors that determine the market rate of return to education, Is education economically worthwhile? Is education a predictor of greater productivity? Market signaling and screening, government-funded training programs.
Chapter 15 - Managing human resources globally. The goals of this chapter are: Identify the recent changes that have caused companies to expand into international markets, discuss the four factors that most strongly influence HRM in international markets, list the different categories of international employees, identify the four levels of global participation and the HRM issues faced within each level.
Chapter 17 - Workforce: Optimizing human capital. After reading the material in this chapter, you should be able to: Describe how the workforce contributes to profitability, explain how expectations for employees are increasing, explain the impact the workforce has on value, use the customer experience grid to describe the relationship between customers and employees,...