Xem 1-20 trên 150 kết quả Human capital
  • UNIVERSITY OF CALGARY YOUTH SUBSTANCE USE AND HUMAN CAPITAL FORMATION In this chapter, I use data on school assignments and outcomes of students across schools within different metropolitan housing markets to assess parents’ revealed preferences. To preview the results, I find little evidence that parents use Tiebout choice to select effective schools over those with desirable peers, or that schools are on average more effective in markets that offer more choice.

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  • ESSAYS ON TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY AND HUMAN CAPITAL In fact, I do not estimate separate regressions for each MSA, but the general effect is the same: Unreliability of the peer group measure produces an upward bias in the effect of choice on the peer group gradient, and therefore in the interaction coefficient 1 ϕ

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  • GENERAL HUMAN CAPITAL AND SPECIALIZATION IN ACADEMIA The average income of their residents and the rental price of housing, both endogenous, and the effectiveness of the local schools.21 An important omission is of all non-school exogenous amenities like beaches, parks, views, and air quality. I develop here a “best case” for Tiebout choice, where schools are the only factors in neighborhood desirability.

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  • THE MOBILITY OF HIGHLY SKILLED HUMAN CAPITAL IN TAIWAN It is worth considering whether the confidence regions exclude the sorts of effects that we would expect if school effectiveness were a prime determinant of parental location decisions.

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  • SEEING THE INVISIBLE: A TEST OF RATIONAL EXPECTATIONS IN THE VALUATION OF HUMAN CAPITAL Preferred districts need not have particularly effective schools, however, when peer group enters into parental valuations, as wealthy families can be “stuck” in ineffective schools by their unwillingness to abandon the peer group offered. For parental valuations that place substantial weight on school effectiveness, this becomes less likely as Tiebout choice increases parents’ exit options.

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  • INEQUALITY AND THE DISTRIBUTION OF HUMAN CAPITAL In the absence of parental sorting on school effectiveness, there is little theoretical support for the claim that Tiebout choice markets create incentives for school administrators to exert greater effort to raise student performance.

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  • DETERMINANTS OF THE EARNINGS GAP BETWEEN BLACKS AND WHITES: A HUMAN CAPITAL APPROACH Tiebout Sorting and the Role of Peer Groups: Intuition In this section I describe the Tiebout choice process and its observable implications in the context of a very simple educational technology with peer effects.

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  • Publisher: RANDPublished Time: RANDPages: 100Countries in the Arab region are faced with the challenge of developing their populations’ skills and technical knowledge, or human capital, in order to compete in the 21st century global economy. The authors describe the education and labor market initiatives implemented or under way in four countries in the Arab region ......

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  • Nermien Al-Ali began her Intellectual Property (IP) career as the Managing Attorney of the IP Department of one of Egypt’s leading international business law firms, Ibrachy & Dermarkar. Then she counseled multinational clients on local and international IP laws and treaties. Her business experience encouraged her to embark on researching models for managing IP and other intellectual capital, leading to her teaching career.

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  • HUMAN CAPITAL GAINS: HOW THE INVESTMENT AND ALLOCATION OF HUMAN CAPITAL AFFECTS THE PERFORMANCE OF HIGH TECHNOLOGY INITIAL PUBLIC OFFERING FIRMS A second reason is that schools in more stratified markets are likely to be more internally homogenous; as the sampling variance of the school average depends linearly on the within-school variance of individual characteristics, more internally homogenous schools imply more reliable schoollevel averages.

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  • Exploring the Human Capital Contribution to Productivity, Profitability, and the Market Evaluation of the Firm Either of these effects would imply upward bias in estimates of 1 ϕ relative to the effect of interest. To the extent that they are thought to be important, the results presented in Table 1.4, 1.5, and 1.6 should be seen as upper bounds on the effect of Tiebout choice on parental effectiveness sorting.

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  • Firms, Workers, and Human Capital in Ghanaian Manufacturing My model is a much simplified version of so-called “multicommunity” models. I maintain the usual assumptions that the number of communities is fixed and finite, and that access to desirable communities is rationed through the real estate market.19 There is no private sector that would de-link school quality from residential location. Although some authors (i.e. Epple and Zelenitz, 1981) include a supply side of the housing market, I assume that communities are endowed with perfectly inelastic stocks of identical houses....

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  • Human Capital Investments and Interregional Wage Differences in a Southeast Asian Country Point estimates of the choice-peer group interaction are almost uniformly negative, suggesting that effectiveness sorting is less complete in high-choice than in low-choice markets. These estimates are imprecise, however, and most cannot reject a zero effect.

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  • HUMAN CAPITAL INVESTMENT BY PRIVATE EMPLOYERS IN BLAIR COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA, AS MEASURED A one standard deviation (0.28) increase in the choice index corresponds with a reduction in mean scores of only about four points, about one-eighth of an MSA-level standard deviation. Moreover, in some alternative specifications not reported here, the coefficient estimate is statistically insignificant, though still negative.

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về sinh học được đăng trên tạp chí sinh học quốc tế đề tài : Leveraging human capital to reduce maternal mortality in India: enhanced public health system or public-private partnership?

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  • Chapter 9 - Human capital theory: Applications to education and training. This chapter presents the following content: Factors that determine the market rate of return to education, Is education economically worthwhile? Is education a predictor of greater productivity? Market signaling and screening, government-funded training programs.

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  • © 2004 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. . McGraw-Hill © 2004 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. .After reading this chapter, you should be able to: Learning Objectives Determine appropriate responses to major changes in the environment affecting human resources. Comply with the legal framework governing human resources. Develop tactics to implement desired human resource strategies. Prepare a staffing program to recruit and select the best applicants.

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  • The venture capital industry is small and hires only a select few each year. Traditionally dominated by seasoned executives, many firms consist only of general partners and an administrative staff. • A bleak picture for undergrads, though a few larger firms hire young people to do some of their basic legwork and analysis. • Not much better for MBAs, though a few recent MBAs have been recruited right out of business school or have even started their own funds.

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  • Today, within the era of globalisation, the recognition and evaluation of intangible assets according to IAS/IFRS or rather of human capital is on the agenda, at least since January 1st, 2005. Nevertheless, human resource accounting is a rather young research area, which still has to prove itself. In practice this is considered as a challenge. Business teams in companies are beginning to face this finance - and capital market-oriented as well as personnel management task.

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