Human ecology

Xem 1-20 trên 124 kết quả Human ecology
  • Question 1: What is human ecology? Please, draw a diagram showing relationship between Ecosystem and Social system? What are benefits for Economics to study Human Ecology? - Ecology is the science of relationships between living organisms and their environment. - Human ecology is about relationships between people and their environment. In human ecology the environment is perceived as an ecosystem - An ecosystem is everything in a specified area - the air, soil, water, living organisms and physical structures, including everything built by humans.

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  • My goal in this book is to introduce the reader to the evidence, both historical and contemporary, for how the reciprocal interactions between people and nature have developed, the urgency for action now to prevent truly disastrous consequences, and to make suggestions as to how we might go about doing so. While the book does not follow the usual organization for an introduction to human ecology, cultural ecology, or ecological anthropology text, the book covers much of this material in what I hope is a more engaging organization....

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  • Environmentalists are often regarded as people wanting to stop one thing or another, and there are surely lots of things that ought to be stopped. The essays in this book, however, have to do with beginnings. How, for example, do we advance a long-delayed solar revolution? Or begin one in forest management? Or materials use? How do we reimagine and remake the human presence on earth in ways that work over the long haul? Such questions are the heart of what theologian Thomas Berry (1999) calls “the Great Work” of our age....

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  • Environmentalists are often regarded as people wanting to stop one thing or another, and there are surely lots of things that ought to be stopped. The essays in this book, however, have to do with beginnings. How, for example, do we advance a long-delayed solar revolution? Or begin one in forest management? Or materials use? How do we reimagine and remake the human presence on earth in ways that work over the long haul? Such questions are the heart of what theologian Thomas Berry (1999) calls “the Great Work” of our age....

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  • Research in tropical forestry is confronted with the task of finding strategies to alleviate pressure on remaining forests, and techniques to enhance forest regeneration and restore abandoned lands, using productive alternatives that can be attractive to local human populations. In addition, sustainable forestry in tropical countries must be supported by adequate policies to promote and maintain specific activities at local and regional scales.

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  • Urban Ecology is the study of ecosystems that include humans living in cities and urbanizing landscapes. It is an emerging, interdisciplinary field that aims to understand how human and ecological processes can coexist in human-dominated systems and help societies with their efforts to become more sustainable. It has deep roots in many disciplines including sociology, geography, urban planning, landscape architecture, engineering, economics, anthropology, climatology, public health, and ecology.

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  • Creating institutions to meet the challenge of sustainability is arguably the most important task confronting society; it is also dauntingly complex. Ecological, economic, and social elements all play a role, but despite ongoing efforts, researchers have yet to succeed in integrating the various disciplines in a way that gives adequate representation to the insights of each.Panarchy, a term devised to describe evolving hierarchical systems with multiple interrelated elements, offers an important new framework for understanding and resolving this dilemma.

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  • This book is intended to be a presentation of alkaloids from chemical, biological and ecological points of view. It is a text for chemists, biologists and ecologists alike. However, the intended audience of this work is not limited to scientists, teachers and other present and future specialists. In fact, I wrote this book because I felt the need for it as a university educator and as a scientific enthusiast on the subject.

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  • Tham khảo sách 'ecological engineering principles and practice', khoa học tự nhiên, công nghệ sinh học phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • What is the nature of Nature? Is it harmonious and graceful? Is it divine and providential? Is it cruel and wild? These days, answers to the question 'What is the nature of Nature?' often reverberate with claims of natural unity: every living thing in nature, and this includes humanity, is united. The unity of nature idea appears in many different forms; in the speeches of environmentally conscious politicians, in the academic writings of scientists, in the sermons of theological leaders, and in the slogans of social activists.

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  • The world’s climate is changing, and it will continue to change throughout the 21st century and beyond. Rising temperatures, new precipitation patterns, and other changes are already affecting many aspects of human society and the natural world. Climate change is transforming ecosystems at extraordinary rates and scales.

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  • P robably the best introduction to our book is the conclusion of another book. The other book is Something New Under the Sunby historian J. R. McNeill.1 McNeill argues that the Preacher in Ecclesiastes remains mostly but not completely right—there is indeed “nothing new under the sun” in the realm of vanity and wickedness. But the place of humankind within the natural world is not what it was. The enormity and devastating impact of the human scale on the rest of creation really is a new thing under the sun. And it greatly amplifies the consequences of vanity and wickedness.

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  • The epidemiology of infectious diseases is one of the great triumphs of applied ecology. In particular, the public health importance of parasites has lead to a large literature, exploring their impact on the population dynamics, population genetics and evolutionary biology of human populations. An important milestone was the Dahlem Conference on population biology of infectious diseases, held in 1981. The resulting book (Anderson and May 1982) lucidly summarised the contemporary state of parasite ecology and epidemiology.

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  • Simply put, this book is about how nature is ‘done’, how it is practised, how it materializes as an active partner in and through those practices. Perhaps, unlike many other volumes, I am not especially concerned here with how nature is imagined, represented, thought or conceived. Rather, imagining, representing and thinking are treated as activities which take their place alongside many other practices (like growing, infecting, digging, counting), some of which do not have people at their centre. This last point is crucial.

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  • Human activities are affecting the global environment in myriad ways, with numerous direct and indirect effects on ecosystems. The climate and atmospheric composition of Earth are changing rapidly. Humans have directly modified half of the ice-free terrestrial surface and use 40% of terrestrial production. Our actions are causing the sixth major extinction event in the history of life on Earth and are radically modifying the interactions among forests, fields, streams, and oceans.

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  • Even though human-induced species extinction presently seems to rank low on peoples’ attention scale compared to other political and societal topics, this does not mean that its significance in earth history or its ecological consequences have diminished in any way. It must repeatedly be made clear that if current trends continue, within the next one hundred years half of all our planet’s species will most likely have become extinct.

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  • The 8th International Congress of Ecology was held in Seoul, South Korea in August 2002, and was hosted by the Ecological Society of Korea. The Congress theme was 'Ecological Issues in a Changing World', and this volume includes selected contributions to illustrate some of the important topics which were discussed during the Congress. Problems of scale have exercised the minds of ecologists for many years, and will continue to do so into the future. This volume deals with this subject and with mathematical approaches to improve our understanding of complex ecological systems.

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  • .society for ecological restoration The Science and Practice of Ecological Restoration Editorial Board James Aronson, EDITOR Karen D. Holl, ASSOCIATE EDITOR Donald A. Falk, Richard J. Hobbs, Margaret A. Palmer A complete list of titles in this series can be found in the back of this book. The Society for Ecological Restoration (SER) is an international nonprofit organization whose mission is to promote ecological restoration as a means of sustaining the diversity of life on Earth and reestablishing an ecologically healthy relationship between nature and culture.

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  • THOUGHTFUL OBSERVERS of global ecosystems cannot fail to see that we live in a world dominated by humans.We cannot stand apart from nature, and now nature as we know it cannot stand apart from us. Faced with dawning clarity about this new relationship, we are uncertain of what to do.

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  • Urban ecology in Berlin has been developing over the past 350 years, from garden floras and wild floras of castles and ruins to the Graduate Research Training Group 780 “Perspectives in Urban Ecology”. This program has brought together universities and scientific institutes from all over Berlin. Since the beginning, urban ecology in Berlin has included approaches from biology and geography, leading to the current interdisciplinary work documented in this summarizing publication.

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