Human health and disease

Xem 1-20 trên 175 kết quả Human health and disease
  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Advances in understanding the regulation of apoptosis and mitosis by peroxisome-proliferator activated receptors in pre-clinical models: relevance for human health and disease...

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  • The sequencing of the human genome together with the development and implementation of new high throughput technologies (so called “omics”) are enhancing our knowledge on human health and disease and have already, and will continue, to provide a sound foundation for personalised medicine.

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  • A need for a book on immunology which primarily focuses on the needs of medical and clinical research students was recognized. This book is relatively short and contains topics considered relevant to the understanding of human immune system and its role in health and diseases. Immunology is the study of our protection from foreign macromolecules or invading organisms and our responses to them. These invaders include viruses, bacteria, protozoa or even larger parasites.

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  • The TEC family is ancient and constitutes the second largest family of cyto-plasmic tyrosine kinases. In 1993, loss-of-function mutations in theBTK gene were reported as the cause of X-linked agammaglobulinemia. Of all the existing 90 tyrosine kinases in humans, Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) is the kinase for which most mutations have been identified.

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  • The English poet, John Keats, explored this relationship when he asked: “Do we retreat from the reality of the outer world into ourselves at times, or do we retreat from the pressures of the outside world into the reality of our inner selves?” (Philipp, 2001a). In taking this question further, the doctor-poet, Dannie Abse, musing on it in 1993, noted that: “imaginative daydreaming is an escape from the precipitous pessimism of living or dealing with problems and the sphere of sorrows, and it is used to restore balance” (op.cit.).

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  • This book presents and discusses current research in the field of biology, with a particular emphasis on biological factors and their role in health and well-being. Topics discussed include the biotechnology of cyanobacteria; the reasons why glucose is the principal source of energy for living beings; post-transcriptional effects of estrogen on gene expression; sialylation mechanism in bacteria and the evolution biology of health and disease clinical medicine from a Darwinian perspective.

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  • "Bioactive Food Peptides in Health and Disease" highlights recent developments on bioactive food peptides for the promotion of human health and the prevention/management of chronic diseases. The book provides a comprehensive revision of bioactive peptides obtained from both animal and plant food sources. Aspects related to their bioactivity, mechanism of action, and bioavailability are extensively described along the different chapters.

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  • In 2005, the baseline country studies pointed to a lack of connection between advocacy for reduction of maternal mortality in national-level planning and the necessary linkage to effective programmatic responses through resource allocation, capacity- building and human-resource development. The 2011 case-studies suggest that this problem persists: despite a closing of the gap between policy and programmes, the limited progress with improving health outcomes has shown the importance of strengthening health systems – particularly for maternal and newborn health.

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  • Vitamin E is an important topic because many benefits and some risks have been attributed to it when used as a nutritional supplement. Moreover, there has been considerable progress in the basic science of this vitamin in recent years. This volume reviews recent aspects of the biochemistry and molecular biology of this vitamin, associated macromolecules, metabolism of the vitamin and its derivatives, and its many roles in health and disease. The various contributions comprising this volume are listed here in the order in which they are presented in the volume....

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  • Despite my many years of research and teaching in platelet physiology and pharmacology at the University of Minnesota, I am often confronted with conflicting opinions as to the relevance of nonnucleated platelets in human health and disease. It is fascinating to think that how cells with no apparent nucleus, have such a towering impact on concepts, dealing with often overlapping physiological (i.e. hemostasis, wound healing, etc.) and pathophysiological (i.e. thrombosis, stroke, atherosclerosis, wound healing, diabetes, inflammation and cancer) components.

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  • The OMA recognized the need to explore not only the direct health effects of air pollution but also the need to understand the associated economic ramifications for the provincial health care system as well as for Ontario more generally. To this end, a feasibility study was undertaken, the purpose of which was to determine how best to develop appropriate estimates of the economic damages relating to air pollution-induced illnesses (42).

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  • The mask joins many things—earth, sky and sea, and it shows a person's relation to other beings—in fact, it is a composition of seal, human, fish, and bird. “Finding relations among discordant things,” Mr. Siegel said in a lecture on Hieronymus Bosch, “has been an instinct; it has also been a method in art...The tendency to these combinations does exist, and present day art is in the midst of that tendency: to make the world even more coherent by being more audacious and finding that in discord there isn’t as much discord as one thought at first....

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  • Alterations in the normal DNA methylation processes are known to have major consequences for embryonic development and are associated with congenital defects, autoimmunity, aging and malignant transformation. The main purpose of this book is to provide information about the importance of methylation mechanisms in human health and disease.

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  • Climate change is likely to aid the spread of invasive alien species, further threatening agricultural productivity and food security through spread of weeds, pests, and diseases of crops and livestock. The introduction of new and adaptable exotic species for agriculture and to meet increasing demands for biofuels, mariculture, aquaculture, and reforestation presents a particular challenge.

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  • Increasing diversity in the U.S. population has sharpened concerns about the vitality and diversity of the clinical research workforce, concerns that have persisted for two decades. Our nation’s unprecedented level of investment in biomedical research has led to an explosion of new knowledge about human health and disease, but basic research achievements must be translated into treatments and therapies in order to benefit human health.

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  • 3-Hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (HAD) functions in mitochondrial fatty acid b-oxidation by catalyzing the oxidation of straight chain 3-hyd-roxyacyl-CoAs. HAD has a preference for medium chain substrates, whereas short chain 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (SCHAD) acts on a wide spectrum of substrates, including steroids, cholic acids, and fatty acids, with a preference for short chain methyl-branched acyl-CoAs.

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  • Bacteria are microscopic, single-celled organisms that are the most numerous organisms on earth. They are so small that over five million could be placed on the head of a pin. Bacteria can live in numerous environments and perform many complex actions, some of which are beneficial and some harmful. Most bacteria, however, are not harmful and do not cause human health problems. Those that are disease producing are referred to as pathogenic. Viruses and some protozoans can also be pathogenic.

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  • Human health can be affected by acute or chronic exposure to toxicants, through the media of water, wet land sediments, or even air when sediments becom dessicated and airborne or burnt. The nature of thes exposures is exacerbated by human behaviours and activities and they can result whenever ecosystem services have been eroded – especially when the hydrological services that maintain biological, geo logical and chemical processes have been distorted by human activities of over extraction of water.

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  • Tham khảo sách 'serological diagnosis of certain human, animal and plant diseases edited by moslih al-moslih', y tế - sức khoẻ, y học thường thức phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • Physiology plays a major role in the scientific foundation of medicine and other subjects related to human health and physical performance. Pharmacology is the science which deals with the effects of drugs on living systems and their use in the treatment of disease. This book is designed to enhance students’ understanding of physiology and pharmacology via a series of case studies involving human disease and its treatment. Traditional university teaching methods focus on informing students in terms of physiological and pharmacological theory.

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