Nutritional deficiencies during pregnancy usually lead to intrauterine growth retardation,
which is one of the main causes of foetal and infant undernutrition in developing countries.
Every year, 30 million newborns, or 23% of 126 million births per year, are affected by
intrauterine growth retardation; by contrast, in developed countries the rate is only about 2%
(World Health Organization 2000a).
A basic knowledge of the physical aging processes allows you to accurately draw people of
various ages. The age regression and progression techniques, discussed in this heavily illustrated
article, can be invaluable for accurately portraying or modifying the ages of portrait subjects.
This article is divided into the following four major sections: FROM NEWBORN TO TODDLER: During the first two years of life, a human face
changes more drastically than at any other stage of development.
Writing a book like this requires a number of key ingredients. One is the
body of sophisticated and exciting research on reproductive biology and
health from which I have drawn extensively. A quick glance at the list of
references cited provides a good compilation of the work that I believe has
the most to offer as we try to understand challenges to women’s health that
we are facing and will continue to face as global resources constrict,
population expands, and more and more people strive for the lifestyles of
the ‘‘health-rich’’ nations.
As citizens, Afghan women face constitutional equality but legal inequality. Furthermore, there
are great discrepancies between customary law, civil law and Islamic Law - as well as the informal
justice system, which tends to grant women even less rights. Years of conflict and violence have
further eroded the protection of women's (limited) rights, and a culture of impunity reigns as
far as violence is concerned, including violence against women inside and outside the household.
While vacationing with my family at Walt Disney World, I decided that I was going to capture some of the marketing genius that I believe began with Walt’s passion and has now grown into one of the world’s most powerful brands.
I have long believed that Walt Disney’s genius was not animation or theme park design, but in truly understanding the human heart. Somehow, in the midst of ROI, measurability, counting clicks and studies that can track a person’s eye movements to see what part of an ad captures their attention first -- we have forgotten that marketing and branding is...
The surface of the human gut has a surplus area of 200-250 m2 in order to contain, between
intraepithelial lymphocytes and lamina propria, Peyer’s patches and lymphoid follicles, the
lymphoid tissue, while hosts a flora of about 800 different bacteria species with over 7000
strains. The 99% are obligate anaerobes and varies species were then classified using
traditional anaerobic culture techniques.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về sinh học được đăng trên tạp chí sinh học quốc tế đề tài : Human resources for maternal, newborn and child health: from measurement and planning to performance for improved health outcomes
The role of immune complexes formed in situ has been most extensively studied in the
Heymann nephritis model in the rat, a human counterpart of membranous nephropathy
(MN). This is a non-proliferative form of GN in which the humoral, Th2 responses play an
important role. In human idiopathic MN, an increase in the percentage of IL-4 (Masutani et
al. 2004) and IL-10 (Hirayama et al. 2002) was observed in peripheral blood T cells, which
correlated with the amount of proteinuria.
The primary statutes regulating pesticide use in the United States are the Federal
Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) and the Federal Food, Drug, and
Cosmetic Act (FFDCA). FIFRA gives EPA the authority to regulate the registration
(licensing) and use of pesticides, and FFDCA governs the establishment of tolerances
(also known as maximum residue limits) on food and animal feed.
The proposed nutrition principles apply to individual foods, as well as to main dishes
and meal products. The Working Group started with a set of proposed food group
contributions and nutrient limits for individual foods. It then calculated appropriate
adjustments to accommodate main dishes and meals, as those products are defined by federal
labeling regulations. The adjustments reflect the fact that main dishes and meals are 18
defined as containing at least two or three 40-gram food portions respectively, and include
foods from two or more of four food groups.
Medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD) is a
homotetrameric flavoprotein which catalyses the initial step
of theb-oxidationofmedium-chain fattyacids.Mutations in
MCAD may cause disease in humans. A Y42H mutation is
frequently found in babies identified by newborn screening
with MS/MS, yet there are no reports of patients presenting
clinically with this mutation. As a basis for judging its
potential consequences we have examined the protein phe-notype of the Y42H mutation and the common disease-associatedK304E mutation. ...
The greatest question for the world today is this, asked by Mr. Siegel: "What does a
person deserve by being alive?" Aesthetic Realism itself shows that being seen the art way or
aesthetic way is what every person deserves. This includes an understanding of the human desire
for contempt, which has for so many centuries caused injustice and brutality. The aesthetic way
of seeing people is what can replace racism and prejudice with justice. It is what can make for
economic fairness to every person. The Aesthetic Realism understanding of art and people is
Hydroxyurea treatment helps the red blood cells stay round and ﬂ exible. This lets them travel more
easily through tiny blood vessels. In part, this happens because hydroxyurea increases the amount of
fetal hemoglobin (Hb F) in red blood cells. Newborn babies have Hb F when they are born.
Hb F helps protect them from sickle cell complications (health problems) during the ﬁ rst few months
of life. With an increased amount of Hb F, red blood cells are less likely to change into the sickle or
banana shape. In most people, the amount of Hb F decreases...
The physical, social and intellectual development of
children from conception to the end of adolescence
requires an environment that is both protected and
protective of their health. A growing number of dis-
eases in children are linked to unsafe environments.
Prenatal and early life exposures, including diet, are
associated with child health and human development
and predispose to late adult effects. Thus, the INMA
project is based on three main rationales.
First, exposure to environmental pollutants through
air, water and food is worldwide.
The referral system is not
functional, and patients often ignore secondary or tertiary care due to the high costs involved. Stock-
outs of drugs and supplies and inadequate HRH availability impact service delivery. Lack of financial and
human resources adversely impacts regulation and quality control. Many services, including those related
to HIV and tuberculosis (TB), are not well integrated into the general health delivery system and
continue to be provided vertically.
The Global Strategy builds on
commitments made by countries
and partners at several events: the
Programme of Action agreed at the
International Conference on Population
and Development; the Beijing Declaration
and Platform for Action agreed at the
Fourth World Conference on Women; the
ECOSOC Ministerial Review on Global
Health; UNGA side session, “Healthy
Women, Healthy Children: Investing in Our
Common Future”; and the 54th session of
the Commission on the Status of Women.
In 2005, the baseline country studies pointed to a
lack of connection between advocacy for reduction
of maternal mortality in national-level planning and
the necessary linkage to effective programmatic
responses through resource allocation, capacity-
building and human-resource development.
The 2011 case-studies suggest that this problem
persists: despite a closing of the gap between
policy and programmes, the limited progress
with improving health outcomes has shown the
importance of strengthening health systems –
particularly for maternal and newborn health.
Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 130. Streptococcal and Enterococcal Infections
Streptococcal and Enterococcal Infections: Introduction
Many varieties of streptococci are found as part of the normal flora colonizing the human respiratory, gastrointestinal, and genitourinary tracts. Several species are important causes of human disease. Group A Streptococcus (GAS, S.
Many varieties of streptococci are found as part of the normal flora colonizing the human respiratory, gastrointestinal, and genitourinary tracts. Several species are important causes of human disease. Group A Streptococcus (GAS, S. pyogenes) is responsible for streptococcal pharyngitis, one of the most common bacterial infections of school-age children, and for the postinfectious syndromes of acute rheumatic fever (ARF) and poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis (PSGN). Group B Streptococcus (GBS, S.