Xem 1-20 trên 283 kết quả Human Rights
  • Laura Graham (2006) recently wrote that anthropologists are obligated to promote human rights and social justice. Her call to action, especially among vulnerable communities, is one felt in many disciplines. We take particular pleasure in the range of fields represented in this volume on cultural heritage and human rights: anthropology and archeology (Hugo Benavides, Jan French, Charles Orser, Anne Pyburn, Helaine Silverman, Laurajane Smith, Larry Zimmerman), architectural and landscape history (D. Fairchild Ruggles), landscape architecture and geography (James L. Wescoat, Jr.

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  • My interest in the relationship between tort law and the implementation of international human rights standards, particularly the European Convention on Human Rights, was prompted by a series of cases decided in the last decade that challenged the English courts to make public authorities accountable for their actions. Perhaps the most notable was the House of Lords’ decision in X v.

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  • There is an old schoolyard saying: “Sticks and stones may break my bones but words will never harm me.” If all the talk about human rights violations seems sometimes to have little measurable effect, is it in the area of punitive trade mea- sures that violating States are more likely to say “ouch!” and be dissuaded from continuing along the path of either active violations of human rights or passive toleration of them in their countries? A good case can be made for trade sanctions as an instrument for bringing about a greater observance of human rights. But, as in so...

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  • Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world, Whereas disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of mankind, and the advent of a world in which human beings shall enjoy freedom of speech and belief and freedom from fear and want has been proclaimed as the highest aspiration of the common people, Whereas it is essential, if man is not to be compelled to have recourse, as a last resort, to rebelli...

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  • Religions have too often been used to justify the violation of human rights, in part through the hierarchical and selective use of role ethics and the postponement of temporal justice to divine judgment or future karmic consequences. Yet the world religions have also provided a constant voice of critique against the violation of human rights by calling for equality, and universal compassion and love, calls which reach far beyond the mere protection of human rights.

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  • The discourses and institutions of human rights are contemporary devices for bringing morality to bear on the harsh realities of political, economic and social life. These attempts to render the conditions of human existence more tolerable and more dignified tend to focus mainly on the role of domestic and international law and the conduct of states and the international institutions that represent them.

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  • ARTICLE 6 OF THE European Convention on Human Rights has become the defining standard within Europe for determining the fairness of criminal proceedings. Its success has been attributed to the fact that it is not based on a particular model of criminal procedure. In this regard it is no coincidence that much of the literature on comparative criminal procedure law continues to adhere to an understanding of European criminal procedural systems as divided into two groups: the accusatorial and the inquisitorial.

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  • American Bioethics continues my exploration of the relationships between bioethics and law begun in Standard of Care: The Law of American Bioeth- ics and continued in Some Choice: Law, Medicine, and the Market. As with these earlier works, I benefited greatly from conversations, debates, com- ments, and criticisms of my colleagues in the Department of Health Law, Bioethics and Human Rights at the Boston University School of Public Health, most especially Leonard H. Glantz, Michael A. Grodin, Wendy K. Mariner, and Winnie Roche.

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  • "A wonderful report. An attempt to bring rationality where emotion tends to dominate."—Simon Jenkins, former editor of The Times (London) "The reports of the New York-based Human Rights Watch (HRW) have become extremely important. . . . Cogent and eminently practical, these reports have gone far beyond an account of human rights abuses in the country."—Ahmed Rashid, The New York Review of Books Human Rights Watch, under director Kenneth Roth, leads the struggle to focus the world’s eye on human rights issues at home and abroad. Its annual World Report, written in straightfo...

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  • The thesis analyzes and demonstrates theoretical aspects showing the role of Courts in protecting human rights. On the basis of theories being proven, the thesis assesses the situation of protecting human rights by judgment in Vietnam today and proposes a number of scientific solutions aiming at improving science the role of courts in protecting human rights in Vietnam.

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  • The World Bank Study Human Rights Indicators in Development: An Introduction o

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  • States are increasingly challenging the logic of simply assimilating refugees to their own citizens. Questions are now raised about whether refugees should be allowed to enjoy freedom of movement, to work, to access public welfare programs, or to be reunited with family members. Doubts have been expressed about the propriety of exempting refugees from visa and other immigration rules, and even about whether there is really a duty to admit refugees at all.

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  • The jurisprudence of the International Court of Justice generally demonstrates that no rule of international law can be interpreted and applied without regard to its innate values and the basic principles of human rights. Through its case-law the ICJ has made immense contributions to the development of human rights law, and in so doing continues to provide solutions to mounting international prob- lems, such as terrorism and unilateral use of force.

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  • The General Assembly, Taking note of the recommendation of the Human Rights Council contained in its resolution 1/2 of 29 June 2006, by which the Council adopted the text of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Recalling its resolution 61/178 of 20 December 2006, by which it decided to defer consideration of and action on the Declaration to allow time for further consultations thereon, and also decided to conclude its consideration before the end of the sixty-first session of the General Assembly, Adopts the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigeno...

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  • Recent political upheavals in Eastern Europe have led to a proliferation of new states on the world scene. This has, in many instances, led to deep, international concern about rising nationalism and these countries’ relations with one another. Rein Müllerson’s book is concerned with the interplay of international law and politics in the changing international system.

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  • This volume argues that international human rights law has made a positive con- tribution to the realization of human rights in much of the world. Although governments sometimes ratify human rights treaties, gambling that they will experience little pressure to comply with them, this is not typically the case. Focusing on rights stakeholders rather than the United Nations or state pressure, Beth A. Simmons demonstrates through a combination of statistical analyses and case studies that the ratification of treaties leads to better rights practices on average.

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  • There is, literally, a world of difference between the statements "Everyone should have adequate food," and "Everyone has the right to adequate food." In George Kent’s view, the lofty rhetoric of the first statement will not be fulfilled until we take the second statement seriously. Kent sees hunger as a deeply political problem. Too many people do not have adequate control over local resources and cannot create the circumstances that would allow them to do meaningful, productive work and provide for themselves....

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  • Human rights are legally guaranteed by human rights law, protecting individuals and groups against actions that interfere with fundamental freedoms and human dignity.(3) They encompass what are known as civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights. Human rights are principally concerned with the relationship between the individual and the state. Governmental obligations with regard to human rights broadly fall under the principles of respect, protect and fulfil.

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  • Tham khảo sách 'mental health policy and service guidance package: mental health legislation & human rights', y tế - sức khoẻ, y học thường thức phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • There are many ways to improve the lives of people with mental disorders. One important way is through policies, plans and programmes that lead to better services. To implement such policies and plans, one needs good legislation–that is, laws that place the policies and plans in the context of internationally accepted human rights standards and good practices. This Resource Book aims to assist countries in drafting, adopting and implementing such legislation.

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