Funders and lawmakers are increasingly requiring that adolescent pregnancy and
STI/HIV prevention programs be based on effective prevention strategies to be considered
for funding. Moreover, for funding to continue, programs are now generally
expected to document their own effectiveness in preventing adolescent pregnancy
or STI/HIV or in changing the risky sexual behaviors antecedent to these problems.
Behavioral change, as opposed to knowledge or attitudinal change alone, is the
standard criterion of effectiveness....
Benzodiazepines show antianxiety, hypnotic, anticonvulsant and muscle-relaxant effects. This group of drugs has wide safety dose ranges; it means that the ratio of the LD50 to the ED50 (therapeutic index) is high. Because of its safety, benzodiazepines are being widely used in the world. Some of benzodiazepines are also being abused or used for so-called “drug facilitated sexual assault”, and thus they are under the control of the Narcotics and Psychotropics Control Law; in Japan, triazolam abuse has become one of the serious social problems.
Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 124. Sexually Transmitted Infections: Overview and Clinical Approach
Classification and Epidemiology
Worldwide, most adults acquire at least one sexually transmitted infection (STI), and many remain at risk for complications. Each year, for example, an estimated 6.2 million persons in the United States acquire a new genital human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, and many of these individuals are at risk for genital neoplasias.
Chapter 16, 17 provides knowledge of reproductive system and sexually transmitted diseases. This chapter includes contents: Male reproductive system, female reproductive system, female hormone levels, control of reproduction, homeostasis, viral infectious diseases, bacterial infectious diseases, other infectious diseases.
n the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), tens of thousands of girls and women have suffered horrific acts of sexual violence. The government army is one of the main perpetrators. Commanders, even when confronted with abuses, have frequently failed to stop sexual violence and may themselves be guilty of war crimes or crimes against humanity as a consequence. In this report, Human Rights Watch looks at sexual violence committed by the army and more specifically the 14th brigade whose case illustrates the failure to enforce respect for humanitarian law.
Chapter 27 - The reproductive system (part a), After completing this unit, you should be able to describe the structure and function of the testes, and explain the importance of their location in the scrotum; describe the phases of the male sexual response.
As you begin your study of psychology, you
will find that it is different from any of your other
classes. This is because psychology is connected
to both the social sciences, such as history or
economics, and the natural sciences, such as
biology and chemistry. As a social science, psychology
explores the influences of society on
individual behavior and group relationships. As a
natural science, psychology looks for biological
explanations for human behavior.
The principles and recommendations of the Kyiv Declaration on Women’s Health in Prison are
important steps towards improving health systems and addressing the health needs of women
involved in the criminal justice system. I hope that this report, which outlines the evidence and
the expert opinions considered at the special conference held in Kyiv in November 2008, will
convince all Member States to adopt and implement the Kyiv Declaration in fulfilment of their
commitment to human rights and health promotion for all. ...
Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health is the only accredited
school of public health in New York City and is among the ﬁrst in the nation.
Its students and multidisciplinary faculty members engage in research, both
locally and globally, concentrating on biostatistics, environmental health sci-
ences, epidemiology, health policy and management, population and family
health, and sociomedical sciences.
The government of Mexico City, Mexico
believes that access to health care is a
human right, and should be universal and
free to those who cannot afford to pay.
In Mexico City the mayor has made health
care accessible to all, and has garnered
the broad support of the City’s leaders
and citizens for this unique effort
the City’s popular mayor, Andres Manuel
López Obrador, came to power, he faced
two significant challenges to keeping his
campaign promise of free health care to
poorer families. First, the public health
system was fragmented.
The overlap between regulations on germ-line genetic
intervention and reproductive cloning is reﬂ ected
in Opinion 54 of The French National Consultative
Ethics Committee in 199717
where it cited Art.16-4 of
the civil code, which prohibits genetic modiﬁ cation of
descendants as an implicit ban on reproductive cloning.
Another example is the Law on Healthcare in Georgia18
which states ‘Human cloning through the use of genetic
engineering methods shall be prohibited’.
P ain is an inevitable part of the human experience. We are born frail
and vulnerable, and maturation does little to change our condition. Re-
gardless of age, we have practically no natural protection from attacks by
predators or even from the environment in harsh weather conditions.
What keeps us safe is our intelligence and the ability to come up with
methods to protect our soft skin, easily broken bones, and vulnerable vi-
tal organs. In fact, we humans live in mortal fear of even the slightest
wound, and we have devised elaborate mechanisms to protect ourselves.
(BQ) Part 2 book "The washington manual of medical therapeutics" presents the following contents: Antimicrobials; sexually transmitted infections, human immunodeficiency virus, and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome; solid organ transplant medicine; gastrointestinal diseases; liver diseases; liver diseases;... and other content.
The Texas Women’s Health Program (WHP) provides family planning and preventive
health services to low-income women under a Medicaid family planning waiver program. As of
February 2012, the WHP provided care to about 127,000 low-income Texas women.
program cost was $35.6 million in 2011, of which the federal government paid $32 million –
about 90% of the total cost -- while the state paid $3.6 million.
The signiﬁcance and potential of the protocol go well beyond Africa. The treaty afﬁrms
reproductive choice and autonomy as a key human right and contains a number of global ﬁrsts.
For example, it represents the ﬁrst time that an international human rights instrument has
explicitly articulated a woman’s right to abortion when pregnancy results from sexual assault,
rape, or incest; when continuation of the pregnancy endangers the life or health of the pregnant
woman; and in cases of grave fetal defects that are incompatible with life.
Imagine a world in which the laws and policies of every
country allowed women to fully enjoy their reproductive
rights. While this is still a distant goal, a confluence of
factors has enabled women’s health and rights advocates
to bring it into focus. The 1994 International Conference
on Population and Development (ICPD) and the 1995
Fourth World Conference on Women (FWCW) were
groundbreaking for so many reasons, among them that
governments agreed that everyone has reproductive
rights, and that they are an inalienable part of established
international human rights.
Sexual differentiation and normal subsequent development are fundamental to the continuation of the human species. In recent years, our understanding of the control of this process has greatly increased. Following fertilization, the human embryo will differentiate into a male or female fetus, and subsequent development is genetically controlled. This chapter describes the processes involved and discusses the subsequent evolution to full maturation.
Women with mental disabilities should be involved in decision-making about their
reproductive rights to the fullest extent allowed by their capacities. To the degree
that a woman can give her informed consent, she is entitled to do so. At the same
time, women with mental disabilities may possess particular vulnerabilities that
entitle them to heightened protection from sexual abuse and other forms of exploi-
cores of constitutions drawn up since the end of World
War II have proclaimed religious freedom as one of the
most fundamental rights known to humanity. Simi-
larly, international covenants of human rights have
exalted the right to religious liberty as a privilege that is so
foundational and precious that it should be guaranteed by in-
Amongst the arguments raised against cloning has been
concern that reproductive cloning would lessen the respect
for individuals because of the feeling that they could
easily be replaced.
Every form of reproductive technology
raises some question of human values, dignity, worth and
juridical rights, some linked to the notion that the person
should not be used as a mere mechanical instrument, and
that every human individual is a non-repeatable being.