Since the 1930s, the USDA (U.S. Department of Agriculture) Forest
Service’s International Institute of Tropical Forestry (the Institute) has
studied mahogany and its management. In the 1960s, F.B. Lamb, the author
of the classic book on mahogany (1966), was an Institute collaborator.
Before gene flow and genetic erosion became popular terms, my predecessor
Frank Wadsworth established a gene bank at the Luquillo Experimental
àm cho ai, cái gì bị làm sao) Ví dụ: Working all night on Friday made me tired on Saturday. The hurricane caused many water front houses damaged. - Đằng sau động từ to make còn có thể dùng 1 tính từ. To make smb / smth + adjective Ví dụ: Wearing flowers made her more beautiful. Đi theo hớ ng này thì động từ to find có thể dùng theo công thức: To find + smb/ smth + adjective (P1- P2) Nếu là phân từ 1 sẽ mang tính chủ động còn phân từ 2 mang tính bị động....
Hurricanes, floods, earthquakes, landslides and volcanic
eruptions—and the devastation they inflict—are all too
familiar to the countries of Latin America and the
Caribbean. In the last decade, natural disasters have caused more
than 45,000 deaths in the region, left 40 million injured or in need
of assistance, and carried a price tag—in direct damage alone—of
more than US$20 billion.1
The health sector has proven particularly vulnerable to such havoc.
Every week there is a new virus, or a financial collapse, a
catastrophic hurricane or a drastic increase in food shortages,
and the ramifications that follow rumble on through days
and months, sometimes years, brushing by some people and
hitting others square on. Climate change and rapid population
growth – a potent, foreboding pair – are already delivering
blows that are sudden and staggering; they are also causing
cumulative, damaging environmental change that makes
people’s everyday lives increasingly difficult.
Developed countries in lower latitudes will be more vulnerable - for example, water
availability and crop yields in southern Europe are expected to decline by 20% with a
2°C increase in global temperatures. Regions where water is already scarce will face
serious difficulties and growing costs.
The increased costs of damage from extreme weather (storms, hurricanes, typhoons,
floods, droughts, and heat waves) counteract some early benefits of climate change
and will increase rapidly at higher temperatures.
Late in 2005, in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, U.S. newspapers were filled with
speculation as to whether New Orleans would continue to exist as a great and unique
American city. Levee and floodwall failure had inundated large parts of the city and resulted
in more than 1,500 deaths and catastrophic damage to property and the economy. In
2011, extreme amounts of precipitation, inadequate levees, and possible mismanagement of
reservoirs contributed to widespread flooding around Bangkok, Thailand.