It is evident that insecticides have been used to boost food production to a considerable
extent and to control vectors of disease. However, these advantages that are of great
economic benefits sometimes come with disadvantages when subjected to critical
environmental and human health considerations. Many insecticides are newly synthesized
whose health and environmental implications are unknown.
The commitment of the international community and national governments to integrating
PMTCT interventions into maternal and child health services and strengthening linkages
to other health programmes, including other SRH programmes and HIV care, support,
and treatment programmes, was more recently echoed in the Call to Action: Towards an
HIV-Free and AIDS-Free Generation.
The aim of this Country Brief for Zimbabwe is to update the Board of Directors on recent developments in Zimbabwe as well as serve as a programming instrument for the Bank’s intervention in the country in 2011-13. The Bank has supported Zimbabwe’s recovery over the past two years in line with the recommendations made in the Country Brief 2009/10 (ADF/BD/WP/2010/Approval) that was approved by the Board of Directors in 2010.
The fair value of investments and other assets and
liabilities in foreign currencies is translated into the
Fund’s functional currency at the rates of exchange
prevailing at the period-end date. Purchases and
sales of investments, and income and expenses are
translated at the rates of exchange prevailing on the
respective dates of such transactions.
Social funds should not replace the public sector in tasks that are the
government’s inherent responsibility. To do so can undermine ongoing
public sector reform and institution-building programs.
The objective of funds should be to reinforce and broaden, rather than
supplant, the role of state institutions in the social field. Undoubtedly, in
many countries, fund portfolios are going to continue to have schools
and health posts and other such social projects because funds have been
shown to be effective in that role.
While PHI tends to cover certain typical services, there is diversity across OECD countries in
both the health services and providers accessible by privately insured individuals. Such diversity reflects
the scope of public coverage, and is affected by regulation and insurers’ strategies.
Income statements in the accounting world focus heavily on revenue as a function of company
volume and as a measure of company growth. The principal source of revenue for insurance
companies is premium from insurance sales. (The other principal source of revenue for insurers
is typically investment income.)
The timing of when a company can recognize sales revenue in its income statement is a major
issue for most accounting systems.
Empirical evidence suggests that movements in international relative prices (such
as the real exchange rate) are large and persistent. Nontraded goods, both in
the form of ¯nal consumption goods and as an input into the production of ¯-
nal tradable goods, are an important aspect behind international relative price
movements. In this paper we show that nontraded goods have important impli-
cations for exchange rate behavior, even though °uctuations in the relative price
of nontraded goods account for a relatively small fraction of real exchange rate
The essays that follow adopt and adapt, explore and expand an approach to the
medieval art object that Madeline Caviness has dubbed “triangulation.” The pioneering
role of Professor Caviness in pursuing critical and theoretical goals provides the a priori
condition for this volume.
Keynes’s liquidity preference theory touched on the maturity transformation issue. He argued
that the private sector’s willingness to assume liquidity and maturity risks is not
well-anchored in fundamentals. Instead it is strongly influenced by subjective factors. Hence
his policy prescription was that government debt issuance should “accommodate the
preferences of the public for different maturities”. It was, he argued, socially desirable that
risk-averse investors should be offered some minimum, safe return on their capital.
Magnetotelluric surveys (soundings) are a naturalsource
electromagnetic (EM) geophysical method
that utilizes variations in the Earth’s magnetic field
to image subsurface structures. A magnetotelluric
sounding was attempted at Weyburn but has not
produced results. Consequently, a final assessment
of its utility is not available (Monea et al., 2008).
Electrical resistance tomography (ERT) is a
technique of imaging subsurface electrical
conductivity. When deployed in time-lapse mode,
it is capable of detecting conductivity changes
caused by the injection of CO2.
The best practices described in this paper require that the Data Guard configuration be managed
by the Data Guard Broker9. The Data Guard Broker is responsible for sending FAN events to
client applications in order to clean up their connections to the down database and reconnect to
the new production database. In addition, Oracle Clusterware must be installed and active on the
primary and standby sites for both single instance (using Oracle Restart) and Oracle RAC
At the same time, the emergence of the HathiTrust, a shared digital repository consolidating
much of the library-contributed content from the Google Books database, appeared to resolve
many of the concerns the library community had regarding long-term stewardship of the
mass-digitized book corpus.
After some further kilometres,
sodium begins to increase by ion exchange at the expense of calcium, producing a natural
softening of the water. Eventually, the available calcium in the water is exhausted, but sodium
continues to increase to a level greater than could be achieved purely by cation exchange. As
chloride also begins to increase, this marks the point at which recharging water moving
slowly down through the aquifer mixes with much older saline water present in the sediments
Typically, these actors attempt to exploit flaws in the system implementation or its deployment in order to
obtain information, acquire access to services, or simply to disrupt the operation of the cloud through loss of
system availability or system and information integrity. As the description of these attacks implies, some of
these attacks violate the tenant boundaries and hardware abstraction layers that VMware vCloud Director
attempts to enforce.
Diaspora investors tend to have different perceptions of risk than
non-diaspora investors. Given their homeland connections, diaspora
members may have better information about investment opportunities
in their countries of origin and are less sensitive to exchange-rate risks
than other investors, because they have domestic-currency obligations in
their country of origin such as support payments to family members or
running costs of domestic businesses, mortgages, or returns to domestic
share-holders. They also may have a different time horizon.
Facilitate access to information on the health effects of indoor and outdoor air
pollution and methods for reducing the risk.
Conduct health impact assessments to determine the magnitude of the health effects
associated with changes in air pollution. This information can be used to identify cost-
effective measures to improve public health, identify critical uncertainties and suggest
productive areas of research.
Facilitate country actions to strengthen air quality management.
We propose a two-step inversion of three-component seismograms that ( 1) recovers
the far-field source time function at each station and (2) estimates the distribution of
co-seismic slip on the fault plane for small earthquakes (magnitude 3 to 4). The
empirical Green’s function (EGF) method consists of finding a small earthquake
located near the one we wish to study and then performing a deconvolution to remove
the path, site, and instrumental effects from the main-event signal.
Granting and denying access to the a database is crucial for a secure network
environment. You can configure access control through a firewall or on the database.
For firewall support, you can configure Oracle Connection Manager to function as a
firewall, whereby it grants or denies clients access to a particular database service or a
computer based on a set of filtering rules. For the database, you can configure access
control parameters in the sqlnet.ora file to specify that clients using a particular
protocol are allowed or denied access....
The design and use of performance measurement and control systems from an integrated systems
view of an organization. An important aspect of the course is to "think out of the box" in terms of
how to design more flexible and adaptive cost management and performance measurement
systems to help organizations become more flexible and responsive in meeting customer needs.
Performance measurement and control are discussed in light of an integrated systems view of an
organization, the principles of the Toyota Way, the Toyota Production System, and Lean