(BQ) Part 2 book "Medical pharmacology at a glance" presents the following contents: Lipid-lowering drugs, general anaesthetics, agents used in anaemias, anxiolytics and hypnotics, antiepileptic drugs, antipsychotic drugs, opioid analgesics, drugs used in nausea and vertigo, antidiabetic agents,... and other contents.
From the emergence of clinical sleep medicine marked by the establishment of the
harbinger Stanford Sleep Disorders Clinic in the mid 1970s, offspring sleep disorders
clinics and centers have grown exponentially with the recognition of the unmet
diagnostic and treatment needs of the reservoir of patients suffering from symptoms
of what are now recognized and classified as the nosology of human sleep
Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 28. Sleep Disorders
Sleep Disorders: Introduction Disturbed sleep is among the most frequent health complaints physicians encounter. More than one-half of adults in the United States experience at least intermittent sleep disturbances.
For most, it is an occasional night of poor sleep or daytime sleepiness. However, the Institute of Medicine estimates that 50–70 million Americans suffer from a chronic disorder of sleep and wakefulness, which can lead to serious impairment of daytime functioning.
Excessive daytime sleepiness is often result of self-imposed sleep deprivation espetially in
young people. More often it is effect of disturbed nocturnal sleep or misaligned circadian
rhytms. It may be side effect of many often-used drugs, for example hypnotics or alcohol.
Nocturnal sleep disturbances, which lead to EDS, should be carefully assessed and treated.
In several conditions EDS is not an outcome of night-sleep loss and should be considered as
primary hypersomnia of central origin.