This book is the collection of 11 chapters that have been contributed by each
research unit joining a MIUR (Italian Ministry of University and Research) project,
devoted to the topic of fluid structure interaction. The subject matter is divided into
chapters covering a wide spectrum of recognized areas of research, such as: wall
bounded turbulence; quasi 2-D turbulence; canopy turbulence; large eddy
simulation; lake hydrodynamics; hydraulic hysteresis; liquid impacts; flow-induced
vibrations; sloshing flows; transient pipe flow; and air entrainment in dropshaft.
Antifreeze proteins (AFPs) possess a unique ability to bind to a seed ice
crystal to inhibit its growth. The strength of this binding has been evalu-ated by thermal hysteresis (TH). In this study, we examined the dependence
of TH on experimental parameters, including cooling rate, annealing time,
annealing temperature and the size of the seed ice crystal for an isoform of
type III AFP from notched-fin eelpout (nfeAFP8).
Tsetseris and Pantelides Nanoscale Research Letters 2011, 6:245 http://www.nanoscalereslett.com/content/6/1/245
Defect-related hysteresis in nanotube-based nano-electromechanical systems
Leonidas Tsetseris1,2*, Sokrates T Pantelides2,3,4
Abstract The electronic properties of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) depend on the positions of their walls with respect to neighboring shells. This fact can enable several applications of MWCNTs as nano-electromechanical systems (NEMS).
The catalytic activity of phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH,
phenylalanine 4-monooxygenase EC 22.214.171.124) is regulated
by three main mechanisms, i.e. substrate (L-phenylalanine,
L-Phe) activation, pterin cofactor inhibition and phos-phorylation of a single serine (Ser16) residue.To address the
molecular basis for the inhibition by the natural cofactor
(6R)-L-erythro-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrobiopterin, its effects on the
recombinant tetrameric human enzyme (wt-hPAH) was
studied using three different conformational probes, i.e.