The process which has resulted in this book began many decades ago when,
as an undergraduate student, I found myself asking the question, ‘What did
the Romans think they were doing when they created the Roman Empire?’
For many years this question lurked in the background of my thoughts
as I worked on Roman history more generally and on Roman Spain in
particular, not least because itwas not clear tome howsuch a questionmight
be answered.What follows is, I hope, if not an answer, at least a contribution
This paper underlines the idea of endogenous growth theory that new or higher quality products have significant impacts on productivity and economic growth. Different with previous studies, this paper uses a quite comprehensive definition of variety, which distinguishes the country of origin of the products. With disaggregated level of export data of Japan from 1980 to 2000, the empirical results suggest that nearly half of the industries studied have positive and significant relationship between varieties and Total Factor Productivity (TFP).
For a thousand years after the schools of Athens were closed by Justinian philosophy made no real advance;
no essentially new ideas about the constitution of nature, the workings of mind, or the ends of life were put
forward. It would be false to say that during this period no progress was made. The civilisation of the Roman
Empire was extended far beyond its ancient frontiers; and, although much ground was lost in Asia and Africa,
more than the equivalent was gained in Northern Europe.
We would like to thank all our colleagues in the Centre for Research in
Innovation and Competition for their contribution to discussions and
debates of the issues developed in this book. We gratefully acknowledge
Sally Gee for all the help and enthusiasm in undertaking some of the empir-
ical research. Above all, we express our appreciation to Stan Metcalfe for
his visionary support and encouragement in intellectual terms, but also for
creating a fertile and imaginative research environment that made this book
The first requirement for a comparative approach to constitutional
politics—politics of the creation and reconstruction of political
order—is to broaden its scope by shifting the focus of analysis from
constitutionalism to constitution-making. I have argued elsewhere that
constitution-making often has little to do with constitutionalism.
The studies and thought of many people have found their way
into this work, either directly or by reﬂection, leaving their
imprint upon our ideas. We gratefully acknowledge all these inﬂu-
ences; as you read, you will know who you are.
About five or six hundred years before Christ, almost the whole of the interior of Asia was united in one vast
empire. The founder of this empire was Cyrus the Great. He was originally a Persian; and the whole empire is
often called the Persian monarchy, taking its name from its founder's native land.
Cyrus was not contented with having annexed to his dominion all the civilized states of Asia.
I) "Realism with a wink" might best describe how even sympathetic
interpreters of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason have
viewed Kant's assertion that the broad transcendental idealist
framework yields realism at the empirical level. There remains
the common belief that Kamian appearances are mind dependent
in a way that effectively excludes empirical realism from
being accepted as a genuine form of realism. The word
"appearance" (Erscheinung) itself is usually enough to scare
off even the most well-intentioned realist.
PLANNING AN INTERNATIONAL AUDIT: AN EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION OF INTERNAL AUDITOR JUDGEMENT
With nearly as long a pedigree is the idea that these family background effects may
operate above the individual level. The school-level association between average student
background and average performance is typically much stronger than is the same association
at the individual level.
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FACTORS INFLUENCING ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION DEPARTMENT STUDENTS IN THAI PRIVATE HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS This idea forms the basis of my empirical strategy. In essence, I compare the sorting
parameter θ * in equation (3) across metropolitan housing markets with greater and lesser
degrees of residential school choice. Let θ =θ(c,δ)= E[θ *|c,δ] be the average
effectiveness sorting of markets characterized by the parameters c and δ , where c is the
degree of jurisdictional competition (i.e.
Whether we get forms with extensive clarity by use of Baumgarten’s aesthetic considerations can not
be answered conclusively on these cases, because much indicate that it has given some vague ideas
when students encounter these considerations during evaluations, but without putting them into real use
in their leading feature or as a guidelines in the design process.
However, to the question: How can designers formulate aesthetic considerations which communicate a
clear message to other professionals? an obvious answer is to make use of Baumgarten’s aesthetic
In 1997, both the underlying confidence and optimism are hard to sustain. The War on
Poverty and its successor programs seem to have made little impact on those populations
that are at the lowest economic levels in U.S. society. If anything, the widening income
distribution and the curbing of governmental expenditures for these groups have left
them worse off. Yet one result of the efforts to address poverty in the intervening years
has been the growth of well-articulated theoretical notions coupled with serious efforts
to ground these ideas in empirical analysis.
Therapists (allied health professionals and psychotherapists alike) are increasingly
called upon to do research. Many are drawn to phenomenology;
its holistic appreciation of everyday human experience resonates for them.
Yet, as novice researcher-practitioners engage the field they are frequently
brought up short, baffled by the language and sheer depth of ideas in this
strange new world. Soon the novice is faced with bewildering choices.
Liquid Robotics’ chief of innovative applications, Edward Lu, a
former astronaut, often remarks that we know more about outer
space than we do about the oceans on which most of life on Earth
depends for survival. The company’s Wave Glider, which looks
like a surf board packed with instruments, is trying to change that.
Company founder Roger Hine got the idea when an investor asked
him how he would track the migratory routes of humpback whales.
The gliders, which rely on wave motion to maintain a speed of
around 1.5 knots and count on solar energy to power transmitters
We affirm the right of freedom of expression within our community and also affirm
our commitment to the highest standards of civility and decency towards all. We
recognize the right of every individual to think and speak as dictated by personal belief,
to express any idea, and to disagree with or counter another's point of view, limited
only by university regulations governing time, place and manner. We promote open
expression of our individuality and our diversity within the bounds of courtesy,
sensitivity and respect.
This paper describes a novel approach towards the empirical approximation of discourse relations between different utterances in texts. Following the idea that every pair of events comes with preferences regarding the range and frequency of discourse relations connecting both parts, the paper investigates whether these preferences are manifested in the distribution of relation words (that serve to signal these relations).
When we began as editors of Lawrence Erlbaum Associates’ Organization
and Management Series, our lofty aim was to publish works, both theoretical
and empirical ones, that would nudge the boundaries of organization
studies. Lord and Brown’s book admirably achieves this aim. The authors
present an innovative theory that, we predict, will drive empirical research.
The theory supplies a new way to think about an old topic, leadership. It
does so by drawing heavily on ideas about social cognition and self-regulation.
Reading Lord and Brown’s book is truly eye-opening. Enjoy the adventure....
CHAPTER 9 Real Options—A Mindset to Share and Communicate.The value creation in Real Options—compared to a static, inflexible NPV analysis—derives from preserving flexibility. How much of these ideas and concepts have actually been tried in practice? How much empirical evidence exists for the use of real options by financial markets?
This important series makes a signi! cant contribution to the development of management
thought. This ! eld has expanded dramatically in recent years and the series provides an
invaluable forum for the publication of high quality work in management science, human
resource management, organizational behaviour, marketing, management information
systems, operations management, business ethics, strategic management and international
The main emphasis of the series is on the development and application of new original