Identifying costs

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  • In this chapter, the learning objectives are: Identify cost objects and cost drivers, distinguish direct costs from indirect costs, allocate indirect costs to cost objects, select appropriate cost drivers for allocating indirect costs, allocate costs to solve timing problems, explain the benefits and detriments of allocating pooled costs, recognize the effects of cost allocation on employee motivation.

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  • Planning involves selecting a course of action and specifying how the action will be implemented. The first step in planning is to identify the various alternatives. Next, the alternative that does the best job of furthering the organization’s objectives is selected. Management’s plans are usually expressed in budgets. Typically, budgets are prepared annually under the direction of the controller, who is the manager of the accounting department.

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  • Criticizes the current tendency to identify military-industrial-complex cost overruns with poor accounting procedures and to assume that such excesses are both new and unique to the military.To prevent overruns, the General Accounting Office recently recommended that all defense contractors adopt uniform accounting procedures.However, uniform bookkeeping can identify past, but cannot avert future,......

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  • Chinese characters that are similar in their pronunciations or in their internal structures are useful for computer-assisted language learning and for psycholinguistic studies. Although it is possible for us to employ imagebased methods to identify visually similar characters, the resulting computational costs can be very high. We propose methods for identifying visually similar Chinese characters by adopting and extending the basic concepts of a proven Chinese input method--Cangjie. We present the methods, illustrate how they work, and discuss their weakness in this paper. ...

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  • When you finish this chapter, you should: Identify and describe fixed, variable, and mixed cost behavior; demonstrate the effects of operating leverage on profitability; prepare an income statement using the contribution margin approach; calculate the magnitude of operating leverage;...

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  • (BQ) In the previous chapters we considered how information could be developed to help managers make decisions. In this chapter we will discuss the fundamentals of management control systems. After studying this chapter you should be able to: Explain the role of a management control system, identify the advantages and disadvantages of decentralization, describe and explain the basic framework for management control systems.

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  • After studying chapter 15, you should be able to: Explain how a firm creates value, and identify the key sources of value creation; define the overall “cost of capital” of the firm, calculate the costs of the individual components of a firm’s overall cost of capital: cost of debt, cost of preferred stock, and cost of equity;...

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  • Lecture Fundamental accounting principles - Chapter 21: Cost-volume-profit analysis. This chapter distinguish between direct and indirect expenses and identify bases for allocating indirect expenses to departments; explain controllable costs and responsibility accounting; analyze investment centers using return on assets, residual income, and balanced scorecard; analyze investment centers using profit margin and investment turnover.

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  • After completing this chapter you should be able to: Identify the items making up merchandise inventory, identify the costs of merchandise inventory, analyze the effects of inventory methods for both financial and tax reporting, analyze the effects of inventory errors on current and future financial statements,...

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  • Lecture Principles of financial accounting (2/e) - Chapter 6: Inventories and cost of sales. After completing this chapter you should be able to: Identify the items making up merchandise inventory, identify the costs of merchandise inventory.

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  • The eight studies presented in this volume are put together to provide a new insight into the design of risk-management models in emerging markets. The objective is to identify the specific characteristics of emerging markets and specify the most appropriate methods of risk management that suits those markets. The chapters report on empirical studies carried out on a number of countries in Asia, Eastern Europe, North Africa and other emerging markets in various continents.

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  • In a slow economy, companies no longer have the luxury of business as usual. Organizations must try to prevent quality issues, quickly identify and solve problems if they do occur, and drive down costs by increasing efficiencies. Six Sigma has proven its value in all these areas, and it is already in use at many large manufacturing companies.

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  • CHAPTER 9 Cost Allocation for Joint Products and By-Products After completing this chapter, you should be able to answer the following questions: How are the outputs of a joint process classified? At what point in a joint process are joint products identifiable?

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  • We live in a society that bombards consumers with messages, from pop-ups on computers, to on-line chat room links, to e-newsletters and e- blasts, to advertising in traditional media, all de- signed to build a “share of mind” for a product, service or social cause. marketing is at the heart of every successful brand, business, organization, and cause. marketing is not merely communica- tions. it is the sum presentation to the customer of a value equation that results in a sale or action.

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  • This handbook is the product of a team effort. Jock Anderson, Howard Barnum, John Dixon, and Jee-Peng Tan contributed to the chapters on risk analysis, assessment of health projects, environmental externalities, and on the assessment of education projects, respectively, with valuable input on the latter from George Psacharopoulos. Rodrigo Archondo-Callao, Shantayanan Devarajan, Colin A. Gannon, Pablo Guerrero, Kenneth M. Gwilliam, Ian G. Heggie, David Hughart, Howard Jones, Ulrich Lachler, Julio Linares, Ricardo Martin, Roberto Mosse, A. Mead Over, David A.

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  • MS Project is a tool to help you to plan projects, manage and update project information, and communicate the status once the project is under way. The details of the project tasks and associated resources are entered into the system as a new project. The system will then display the data in such a way that the relationships of the tasks and their time scales can clearly be seen and potential problem areas identified.

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  • In response to various pressures, businesses have begun to report externally on their environmental policy and performance. The significance of such external reporting depends on the extent of changes in management culture and systems and on how new measures influence management decisions. The 'greening of accountancy' involves a reappraisal of how to identify and measure the relevant costs of processes and products (such as 'Total Cost Assessment') and a redesign of incentive mechanisms.

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  • From non-profit performance space to galleries, to businesses that offer classes, to specialty supply shops, to the individual artist entrepreneur and contractor, neighborhood arts activity is an identifiable business sector. In some communities, artist entrepreneurs play a similar early entrant role for commercial strips as they do for artist housing development. As economists who study business clusters recognize, geographical proximity and the interactions that emerge from related activities within a local area are important even in the age of electronic connectivity.

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  • We have learned to what it takes to get ready for export, how to identify and find market outlets for products, and tips for going after the target markets. To sum up, we have provided an example of how one Wildlife Friendly product, specialty yarn, used the steps in this guide to identify and prioritize market outlets for their products We encourage you to use these same steps for your own products and start talking to potential buyers. Remember, offer a high quality product, tell the buyer about the wonderful natural beauty and endangered wildlife being protected...

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  • The  study  draws  from  over  720  sources.  It  includes  activities  undertaken  by  companies  across  the  whole  environmental  supply  chain,  from  R&D,  through  manufacturing  into  distribution,  retail,  installation and maintenance services. Companies are included in the supply chain where 20% of their  turnover is supplied into the LCEGS sector, but importantly only the sales activity relating to this sector  is  included  in  this  study.

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