Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học General Psychiatry cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Immune mechanisms in the pathogenesis of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies...
(BQ) Part 1 book "Immunology at a glance" presents the following contents: Immunity(adaptive immunity, innate and adaptive immune mechanisms, recognition and receptors: the keys to immunity,...), innate immunity, adaptive immunity.
The historical background of probiotics can be traced back to when the first definition
of probiotic bacteria was given by Russian scientist Elie Metchnikoff who stated that
probiotics are considered to exert a beneficial effect on the host. This was confirmed
later on by an official statement by FAO/WHO. In their reviews, two group of
investigators Matur et al. and Boaventura et al., presented the impact of probiotics on
the physiology of the GIT and the underlying mechanism of action of this microflora
and the benefits derived with the use of probiotics in human and animal nutrition.
Air pollution is one of the most serious
environmental threats to urban populations
(Cohen 2005). Exposures vary among and within
urban areas, but all people living in cities are
exposed, and many are harmed, by current levels
of pollutants in many large cities. Infants, young
children, seniors and people who have lung
and heart conditions are especially affected, but
even young, healthy adults are not immune to
harm from poor air quality.
The Commissioner may confirm the fact that an audit report has issued in the
intervening period between an audit being conducted and the publication of the
annual report. Detailed queries regarding the findings are generally referred to the
Many organisations within the public sector are subject to Freedom of Information
legislation and a complete copy of an audit report may be sought by interested
parties using this mechanism.
Adipose tissue is an endocrine organ made up of adipocytes, various stro-mal cells, resident and infiltrating immune cells, and an extensive endo-thelial network. Adipose secretory products, collectively referred to as
adipokines, have been identified as contributors to the negative conse-quences of adipose tissue expansion that include cardiovascular disease,
diabetes and cancer.
Prostaglandin (PG) F2asuppresses adipocyte differentiation by inhibiting the
function of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor c. In this study, we
identified a novel suppression mechanism, operating in the early phase of
adipogenesis, that increased the production of anti-adipogenic PGF2a and
PGE2by enhancing cyclooxygenase (COX) 2
Historically, charitable trusts and foundations have
sought to prevent acute social problems in the UK,
using grants to demonstrate and fund interventions
that improve social outcomes and reduce the number
of individuals requiring crisis interventions. Trust and
foundation resources are limited however – only
£4.4bn9 per year compared to government budgets
of £603bn10 – enabling them to demonstrate effective
interventions, but not to make them available to
everyone who would benefi t.
The ATP–pyrophosphate exchange reaction catalyzed by Arg-tRNA, Gln-tRNA and Glu-tRNA synthetases requires the assistance of the cognate
tRNA. tRNA also assists Arg-tRNA synthetase in catalyzing the pyro-phosphorolysis of synthetic Arg-AMP at low pH. The mechanism by which
the 3¢-end A76, and in particular its hydroxyl group, of the cognate tRNA
is involved with the exchange reaction catalyzed by those enzymes has yet
to be established.
(BQ) Part 1 book "Basic immunology functions and disorders of the immune system" presents the following contents: Introduction to the immune system, innate immunity, antigen capture and presentation to lymphocytes, antigen recognition in the adaptive immune system, T cell–mediated immunity, effector mechanisms of T cell–mediated immunity, humoral immune responses.
(BQ) Part 2 book "Basic immunology functions and disorders of the immune system" presents the following contents: Effector mechanisms of humoral immunity, immunological tolerance and autoimmunity, immune responses against tumors and transplants, hypersensitivity, congenital and acquired immunodeficiencies.
The result in table 2 showed that a total of 24,818 were vaccinated against
six different disease (tuberculosis, Tetanus, cerebrospinal meningitis,
poliomyelitis, measles and Diphtheria) with the vaccines against
cerebrospinal meningitis (CSM) and measles being the most administered.
The result in table 3 showed immunization coverage as assessed by the
questionnaire method indicate that the total 65.
Most noteworthy is that our Impact Factor
continued to rise and in the last analysis for the year 2009
the number is 2.179, which is a further increase of 12.7%
over the IF of 2008. The IJGC ranks 93/165 in the Oncology
category (median IF 2.429) and 20/70 in Obstetrics and
Gynecology (median IF 1.658). This achievement is a reflection
of improvement in both scientific merit and editorial
attractiveness to submitters. The print circulation is now 1674
to members and 34 institutions.
The common theme that attracts many to emergency practice is an interested in all of
the most exciting aspects of each major specialty but a reluctance to giving up on what
other specialties offered at the same time. Emergency medicine, unlike any other field,
combines all of these aspects for its practitioners. However, while offering a
combination of skills and knowledge found nowhere else, it offers unusual challenges
at the same time.
It is diﬃcult to discern exposures from institutions’ reported credit market posi-
tions. Indeed, common data sources such as annual reports and regulatory ﬁlings record
accounting measures on a large and diverse number of credit market instruments. Ac-
counting measures are not necessarily comparable across positions. For example, the
economic value of two loans with the same book value but diﬀerent maturities will react
quite diﬀerently to changes in interest rates. At the same time, many instruments are
close substitutes and thus entail essentially the same market risk.
The length of chordae was a measurement
of the distance between the head of the PM and the free edge of the posterior leaflet. Length
of the opposing chordae of the posterior leaflet was measured directly by using a calliper.
Double-armed mattress sutures with CV-5 GORE-TEX were placed at the fibrous tip of the
PM using PTFE on both sides and tied down firmly. In all cases Doi performed Duran ring
annuloplasty. Thereafter, the ePTFE suture is placed through the anterior leaflet.
The imagination is questionable (Daily, 1997; Dasgupta, 2000b). In any event, we should
be sceptical of a theory which places such enormous burden on an experience not much more
than two hundred years old (Fogel, 1994; Johnson, 2000). Extrapolation into the past is a
sobering exercise: over the long haul of history (some five thousand years), economic growth
even in the currently-rich countries was for most of the time not much above zero.
More recently, Cox and Fisher (2009) analyzed the titles of contemporary romance
novels to determine if their popularity might be related to evolutionary themes that would
be expected to have widespread appeal when it comes to some of the unique and recurrent
reproductive issues that women confront. The five most common words featured in
romance novel titles were love, bride, baby, man, and marriage, in that order. Common
themes extracted from these titles included commitment, reproduction, masculine/high
ranking suitors, and resources.
It has long been noted anecdotally that affect, psychological
state and neurologic state have influences on
inflammatory skin diseases. Disorders such as psoriasis,
atopic dermatitis, acne and rosacea, among many
others, are reported to become exacerbated by stress.
Furthermore, it is widely believed that stress alters
cutaneous immunity. However, mechanisms responsible
for these effects have remained incompletely
understood. Scientific evidence for an influence of
the nervous system on immune and inflammatory
processes in the skin has been developed only relatively
We planned the first edition of this book on a ‘need to know’
basis, its primary object being to provide students and medical
and dental practitioners with the knowledge essential for an
informed approach to the prevention and treatment of viral
infections. We aimed also at supplying just enough basic virology
to underpin the more practical aspects—clinical manifestations,
epidemiology, pathogenesis, immune responses, and so
forth. And not least, we tried our best to make the text as readable
as is possible, given the highly technical nature of some of