Immune mechanism

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học General Psychiatry cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Immune mechanisms in the pathogenesis of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies...

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  • The historical background of probiotics can be traced back to when the first definition of probiotic bacteria was given by Russian scientist Elie Metchnikoff who stated that probiotics are considered to exert a beneficial effect on the host. This was confirmed later on by an official statement by FAO/WHO. In their reviews, two group of investigators Matur et al. and Boaventura et al., presented the impact of probiotics on the physiology of the GIT and the underlying mechanism of action of this microflora and the benefits derived with the use of probiotics in human and animal nutrition.

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  • Air pollution is one of the most serious environmental threats to urban populations (Cohen 2005). Exposures vary among and within urban areas, but all people living in cities are exposed, and many are harmed, by current levels of pollutants in many large cities. Infants, young children, seniors and people who have lung and heart conditions are especially affected, but even young, healthy adults are not immune to harm from poor air quality.

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  • The Commissioner may confirm the fact that an audit report has issued in the intervening period between an audit being conducted and the publication of the annual report. Detailed queries regarding the findings are generally referred to the organisation audited. Many organisations within the public sector are subject to Freedom of Information legislation and a complete copy of an audit report may be sought by interested parties using this mechanism.

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  • Adipose tissue is an endocrine organ made up of adipocytes, various stro-mal cells, resident and infiltrating immune cells, and an extensive endo-thelial network. Adipose secretory products, collectively referred to as adipokines, have been identified as contributors to the negative conse-quences of adipose tissue expansion that include cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer.

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  • Prostaglandin (PG) F2asuppresses adipocyte differentiation by inhibiting the function of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor c. In this study, we identified a novel suppression mechanism, operating in the early phase of adipogenesis, that increased the production of anti-adipogenic PGF2a and PGE2by enhancing cyclooxygenase (COX) 2

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  • Historically, charitable trusts and foundations have sought to prevent acute social problems in the UK, using grants to demonstrate and fund interventions that improve social outcomes and reduce the number of individuals requiring crisis interventions. Trust and foundation resources are limited however – only £4.4bn9 per year compared to government budgets of £603bn10 – enabling them to demonstrate effective interventions, but not to make them available to everyone who would benefi t.

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  • The ATP–pyrophosphate exchange reaction catalyzed by Arg-tRNA, Gln-tRNA and Glu-tRNA synthetases requires the assistance of the cognate tRNA. tRNA also assists Arg-tRNA synthetase in catalyzing the pyro-phosphorolysis of synthetic Arg-AMP at low pH. The mechanism by which the 3¢-end A76, and in particular its hydroxyl group, of the cognate tRNA is involved with the exchange reaction catalyzed by those enzymes has yet to be established.

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  • The result in table 2 showed that a total of 24,818 were vaccinated against six different disease (tuberculosis, Tetanus, cerebrospinal meningitis, poliomyelitis, measles and Diphtheria) with the vaccines against cerebrospinal meningitis (CSM) and measles being the most administered. The result in table 3 showed immunization coverage as assessed by the questionnaire method indicate that the total 65.

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  • Most noteworthy is that our Impact Factor continued to rise and in the last analysis for the year 2009 the number is 2.179, which is a further increase of 12.7% over the IF of 2008. The IJGC ranks 93/165 in the Oncology category (median IF 2.429) and 20/70 in Obstetrics and Gynecology (median IF 1.658). This achievement is a reflection of improvement in both scientific merit and editorial attractiveness to submitters. The print circulation is now 1674 to members and 34 institutions.

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  • The common theme that attracts many to emergency practice is an interested in all of the most exciting aspects of each major specialty but a reluctance to giving up on what other specialties offered at the same time. Emergency medicine, unlike any other field, combines all of these aspects for its practitioners. However, while offering a combination of skills and knowledge found nowhere else, it offers unusual challenges at the same time.

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  • It is difficult to discern exposures from institutions’ reported credit market posi- tions. Indeed, common data sources such as annual reports and regulatory filings record accounting measures on a large and diverse number of credit market instruments. Ac- counting measures are not necessarily comparable across positions. For example, the economic value of two loans with the same book value but different maturities will react quite differently to changes in interest rates. At the same time, many instruments are close substitutes and thus entail essentially the same market risk.

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  • The length of chordae was a measurement of the distance between the head of the PM and the free edge of the posterior leaflet. Length of the opposing chordae of the posterior leaflet was measured directly by using a calliper. Double-armed mattress sutures with CV-5 GORE-TEX were placed at the fibrous tip of the PM using PTFE on both sides and tied down firmly. In all cases Doi performed Duran ring annuloplasty. Thereafter, the ePTFE suture is placed through the anterior leaflet.

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  • The imagination is questionable (Daily, 1997; Dasgupta, 2000b). In any event, we should be sceptical of a theory which places such enormous burden on an experience not much more than two hundred years old (Fogel, 1994; Johnson, 2000). Extrapolation into the past is a sobering exercise: over the long haul of history (some five thousand years), economic growth even in the currently-rich countries was for most of the time not much above zero.

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  • More recently, Cox and Fisher (2009) analyzed the titles of contemporary romance novels to determine if their popularity might be related to evolutionary themes that would be expected to have widespread appeal when it comes to some of the unique and recurrent reproductive issues that women confront. The five most common words featured in romance novel titles were love, bride, baby, man, and marriage, in that order. Common themes extracted from these titles included commitment, reproduction, masculine/high ranking suitors, and resources.

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  • It has long been noted anecdotally that affect, psychological state and neurologic state have influences on inflammatory skin diseases. Disorders such as psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, acne and rosacea, among many others, are reported to become exacerbated by stress. Furthermore, it is widely believed that stress alters cutaneous immunity. However, mechanisms responsible for these effects have remained incompletely understood. Scientific evidence for an influence of the nervous system on immune and inflammatory processes in the skin has been developed only relatively recently.

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  • In certain countries the Company also provides postretirement benefits other than pensions to various employees. The cost relating to such plans consists of the present value of the benefits attributed on equal basis to each year of service, and interest cost on the accumulated postretirement benefit obligation, which is a discounted amount. The transition obligation is being recognized through charges to earnings over a twenty-year period beginning in 1993 in the US and in 1995 for all other plans.

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  • The hierarchical architecture is a straightforward extension of a centralized architecture. It only requires that the basic central server be modified to propa- gate any information that it receives (i.e., subscriptions, etc.) on to its “master” server. In fact, the server/server protocol we use within the hierarchical archi- tecture is exactly the same as the protocol described in Section 3 for commu- nication between the servers and the external clients of the event notification service.

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  • Depending on your perspective, the word telemarketing can conjure up very different images. As a business owner selling to consumers or other businesses, telemarketing may be a solution for vastly improving sales, generating greater suc- cess, and greatly expanding the reach of your business without ever leaving the comfort of your office. If you’re a consumer sitting at home trying to relax when the phone rings at the most inopportune time, that same word can conjure up feelings of annoyance, frustration, or fear of being caught up in some type of scam....

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  • We planned the first edition of this book on a ‘need to know’ basis, its primary object being to provide students and medical and dental practitioners with the knowledge essential for an informed approach to the prevention and treatment of viral infections. We aimed also at supplying just enough basic virology to underpin the more practical aspects—clinical manifestations, epidemiology, pathogenesis, immune responses, and so forth. And not least, we tried our best to make the text as readable as is possible, given the highly technical nature of some of the material.

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