Immunizations

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  • It has been recognized for many years that states of nutrient deficiency are associated with an impaired immune response and with increased susceptibility to infectious disease. In turn, infection can affect the status of several nutrients, thus setting up a vicious circle of under nutrition, compromised immune function and infection.

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  • Approaches to Passive Immunization Passive immunization is generally used to provide temporary immunity in a person exposed to an infectious disease who has not been actively immunized; this situation can arise when active immunization is unavailable (e.g., for respiratory syncytial virus) or when active immunization simply has not been implemented before exposure (e.g., for rabies). Passive immunization is used in the treatment of certain illnesses associated with toxins (e.g.

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  • As noted above, the number of licensed vaccines and the strategies for their best use change constantly as new products, new indications, and new information become available. The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) regularly amends immunization recommendations to reflect the evolution of vaccines and vaccination policy in the United States.

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  • Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 116. Immunization Principles and Vaccine Use Principles of Immunization The immune system, composed of a variety of cell types and soluble factors, is geared toward the recognition of and response to "foreign" substances termed antigens. Vaccines convey antigens from living or killed microorganisms (or protein or carbohydrate molecules derived from these antigens) to elicit immune responses that are generally protective but can occasionally backfire and cause harm to the recipient.

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  • For common and highly communicable childhood diseases such as measles, the target population is the universe of susceptible individuals, and the time to immunize is as early in life as is feasible and effective.

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  • Table 116-4 Standards for Immunization Practice Child and Adolescent Immunization Practice 1. Immunization services are readily available. 2. Vaccinations are coordinated with other health care services and provided in a "medical home" when possible. 3. Barriers to vaccination are identified and minimized. 4. Patient's costs are minimized. 5. Health care professionals review the vaccination and health status of patients at every encounter to determine which vaccines are indicated. 6. Health care professionals assess for and follow only medically accepted contraindications. 7.

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  • The Immune Response While many constituents of infectious microorganisms and their products (e.g., exotoxins) are or can be rendered immunogenic, only some stimulate protective immune responses that can prevent infection and/or clinical illness or (as in the case of rotavirus) can attenuate illness, providing protection against severe disease but not against infection or mild illness. The immune system is complex, and many factors—including antigen composition and presentation as well as host characteristics—are critical for stimulation of the desired immune responses (Chap. 308).

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  • Upon Toxoplasma gondii host infection, a powerful immune response takes place in order to contain dissemination of the parasite and prevent mortality. Once parasite proliferation is contained by IFN-

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  • To evaluate the immune activation and reactive oxygen species scavenging activity of Cordyceps militaris polysaccharides (CMP) in vivo, 90 male BALB/c mice were randomly divided into six groups. The mice in the three experimental groups were given cyclophosphamide at 80 mg/kg/d via intraperitoneal injection and 17.5, 35, or 70 mg/kg body weight CMP via gavage. The lymphocyte proliferation, phagocytic index, and biochemical parameters were measured.

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  • A need for a book on immunology which primarily focuses on the needs of medical and clinical research students was recognized. This book is relatively short and contains topics considered relevant to the understanding of human immune system and its role in health and diseases. Immunology is the study of our protection from foreign macromolecules or invading organisms and our responses to them. These invaders include viruses, bacteria, protozoa or even larger parasites.

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  • What reduces pain, enhances athletic performance, job efficiency, improves the circulation, raises immune efficiency, promotes the healing of tissues, increases the functioning of the skin, enhances focus and emotional balance, and improves appearance? Right, massage! So what are you waiting for?

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) at the heart of heterologous prime-boost vaccines and regulation of CD8+ T cell immunity

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  • Immune system is composed of innate and adaptive responses and plays critical roles in cancer development and destruction. A century ago, Paul Ehrlich postulated that cancer would be quite common in long-lived organisms if not for the protective effects of immunity. About 50 years later, Burnet and Thomas proposed the concept of cancer immunosurveillance based on the experimental evidence of immune recognition of tumor antigens expressed on tumor cells (Dunn et al. 2004 ) . In 1971, the US Congress created a National Cancer Act – a War on Cancer.

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  • Gần đây, thông tin về một chế phẩm điều biến miễn dịch mang tên immune gamma sắp có tại thị trường Việt Nam đang thu hút không ít người quan tâm. Thực hư của tác dụng tăng cường hệ miễn dịch toàn thân của phát kiến mới này ra sao, chúng tôi xin gửi đến bạn đọc loạt bài phân tích về “chất trợ sinh miễn dịch” immune gamma với những thông tin xác thực nhất.

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Immune signatures in human PBMCs of idiotypic vaccine for HCV-related lymphoproliferative disorders

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Modulation of macrophage functions by sheeppox virus provides clues to understand interaction of the virus with host immune system

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  • From HIV to influenza, the battle between infectious agents and the immune system is at the heart of disease. Knowledge of how and why parasites vary to escape recognition by the immune system is central to vaccine design, the control of epidemics, and our fundamental understanding of parasite ecology and evolution. As the first comprehensive synthesis of parasite variation at the molecular, population, and evolutionary levels, this book is essential reading for students and researchers throughout biology and biomedicine....

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  • It has long been noted anecdotally that affect, psychological state and neurologic state have influences on inflammatory skin diseases. Disorders such as psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, acne and rosacea, among many others, are reported to become exacerbated by stress. Furthermore, it is widely believed that stress alters cutaneous immunity. However, mechanisms responsible for these effects have remained incompletely understood. Scientific evidence for an influence of the nervous system on immune and inflammatory processes in the skin has been developed only relatively recently.

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  • Table 116-3 Valid and Invalid Contraindications to Vaccination Vaccine Valid Contraindicationa Invalid Contraindication All vaccines in general Serious allergic Mild acute illness with reactions (e.g.

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