Impaired person

Xem 1-19 trên 19 kết quả Impaired person
  • Infertility is a disease of the reproductive system that impairs one of the body's most basic functions: the conception of children. In the United States, infertility affects about 7.3 million women and their partners, or about 12% of the reproductive-aged population. For many of these couples, the answer lies in conventional medical therapy, such as drug treatment or surgery to repair reproductive organs. Since 1978, ART has provided another solution for many would-be parents.

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  • I welcome with enthusiasm the third edition of this book for families and friends of patients with dementing illnesses. It has served well in its prior appearances and should accomplish even more with this edition, as here the most recent advances in scientific and clinical knowledge about these conditions are brought forth. As I have watched, with pride in Johns Hopkins psychiatry, each of the editions of The 36-Hour Day appear, I have been impressed by both the information and the comfort it brought to those who would help their relatives....

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  • Digital communications is a rapidly advancing applications area. Significant current activities are in the development of mobile communications equipment for personal use, in the expansion of the available bandwidth (and hence information carrying capacity) of the backbone transmission structure through developments in optical fibre, and in the ubiquitous use of networks for data communications.

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  • EACH YEAR IN the United States, more than three million people sustain a traumatic brain injury (TBI). In this population, the psychosocial and psychological deficits are the major source of disability to the patient and of stress to the family. Patients may have difficulties in many vital areas of functioning, including family, interpersonal, work, school, and recreational activities. Many have extreme personality changes.

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  • Psychopharmacologicals tive driving skills and other tasks requiring precise sensorimotor coordination will be impaired. Triazolam (t1/2 of elimination ~1.5–5.5 h) is especially likely to impair memory (anterograde amnesia) and to cause rebound anxiety or insomnia and daytime confusion. The severity of these and other adverse reactions (e.g., rage, violent hostility, hallucinations), and their increased frequency in the elderly, has led to curtailed or suspended use of triazolam in some countries (UK).

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  • Someone with a physical illness or disability often needs hands-on or stand-by assistance with activities of daily living (see page 19). People with cognitive impairments usually need supervision, protection or verbal reminders to do everyday activities. The way long-term care services are provided is changing. Skilled care and personal care are still the terms used most often to describe long-term care and the type or level of care you may need.

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  • Early researchers in the field played down individual personality disturbances as causal agents of family violence in favour of social and cultural factors (27). More recently, though, research on family violence has shown that abusers who are physically aggressive are more likely to have personality disorders and alcohol-related problems than the general population (28).

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  • The impact that physical and psychological violence have on the health of an older person is exacerbated by the ageing process and diseases of old age. It is more difficult for the elderly to leave an abusive relationship or to make correct decisions because of the physical and cognitive impairments that usually come with old age. In some places, kinship obligations and the use of the extended family network to resolve difficulties may also lessen the ability of older people, particularly women, to escape from dangerous situations.

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  • While the prevalence of malnutrition in the free-living elderly population is relatively low, the risk of malnutrition increases dramatically in the institutionalized and hospitalized elderly. 1 The prevalence of malnutrition is even higher in cognitively impaired elderly individuals and is associated with cognitive decline. 2 Patients who are malnourished when admitted to the hospital tend to have longer hospital stays, experience more complications, and have greater risks of morbidity and mortality than those whose nutritional state is normal.

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  • Drinking and driving: It doesn’t take much alcohol to impair a person’s ability to drive. The chances of being killed in a single-vehicle crash are increased at a blood alcohol level that a 140-lb. woman would reach after having one drink on an empty stomach. Medication interactions: Alcohol can interact with a wide variety of medicines, both prescription and over-the-counter. Alcohol can reduce the effectiveness of some medications, and it can combine with other medications to cause or increase side effects.

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  • The presence or absence of diseases is strongly associated with individual health but did not fulfil the multidimensional concept of health. Health is characterised by dynamic and multi-factorial influences on the physical, psychological and social functioning of an individual. On the one hand, an objective health status includes the set of diagnosed physiological and psychological diseases of an individual.

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  • Potential negative consequences of early identification of cognitive impairment clearly exist. Labelling an individual as demented may affect his or her ability to obtain life or health insurance, and may influence attitudes towards the individual by health care professionals and others. The label of Alzheimer’s disease may cause prejudice and difficulty in gaining admission to some long-term facilities.

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  • Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) or multiple personality disorder is assumed to have its onset in childhood, but it is usually diagnosed in the fourth decade. It affects preponderantly women and typically runs a chronic, waxing and waning course. Comorbidities with other conditions (such as mood disorders and substance abuse) and its plethora of clinical manifestations may hinder timely diagnosing.

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  • Among those above age 70, the average number of diseases that each person reports has increased in recent years (17). This increase is because people have survived a number of diseases that once would have been fatal, and they have lived to acquire additional conditions, both potentially fatal and nonfatal, such as arthritis. Thus, older people have more diseases, but less disability, than in the past.

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  • The clinical features vary according to the severity and duration of the respiratory acidosis, the underlying disease, and whether there is accompanying hypoxemia. A rapid increase in Pa CO2 may cause anxiety, dyspnea, confusion, psychosis, and hallucinations and may progress to coma. Lesser degrees of dysfunction in chronic hypercapnia include sleep disturbances, loss of memory, daytime somnolence, personality changes, impairment of coordination, and motor disturbances such as tremor, myoclonic jerks, and asterixis.

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  • Qualified long-term care services are those generally given by long-term care providers. These services must be required by chronically ill individuals and must be given according to a plan of care prescribed by a licensed health care practitioner. You are considered chronically ill if you are expected to be unable to do at least two activities of daily living without substantial assistance from another person for at least 90 days.

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  • In extreme cases of mental disability, substituted judgment may be appropriate when a severe emotional disturbance or cognitive impairment compromises an individual’s ability to give informed consent. Any restriction or denial of decision-making author- ity to a disabled woman should be the consequence of an objective procedure, con- taining proper legal safeguards against every form of abuse. This procedure must be based on an evaluation of the capability of the mentally disabled person by qualified experts, subject to periodic review and to appeal.

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  • Approximately, 12 million Americans have been diagnosed with COPD, but at least another 12 million Americans may be undiagnosed (1). COPD refers to a group of chronic diseases, including emphysema and chronic bronchitis, that impair the low of air in the lungs and make breathing diicult. While COPD death rates are higher among men than women, over the past 20 years, the number of COPD deaths among U.S. women has increased much faster than those among men (1–3).

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  • The Missouri Securities Division has also identified investor diminished capacity and senior investor education as crucial issues in the fight against senior investor fraud. Persons with mild diminished capacity can perform most daily functions, but may become confused when managing their finances. This, in turn, makes those individuals more susceptible to fraud. According to a 2008 Duke University study, about 35 percent of the 25 million people in the United States who are 71 or older either have mild cognitive impairment or dementia.

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