When studying the human body it is important to place the body in anatomical position. Anatomical position is described as the body facing you, feet placed together and flat on the floor. The head is held erect, arms straight by the side with palms facing forward. All references to the body are made as if the body is in this position so when you describe something as being above something else it is always with respect to the body being in anatomical position. The relative position of the parts of the human body has specific terms. Superior means above while...
This text on human gross anatomy emphasizes the clinical importance of structure and function, through clinical correlations, surface anatomy and modern imaging techniques. It provides a review of the material in the larger text "Clinically Oriented Anatomy," by the same author.
Chapter 7 - The skeleton (part a) provides knowledge of the skull. After completing this unit, you should be able to: Name, describe, and identify the skull bones. Identify their important markings; compare and contrast the major functions of the cranium and the facial skeleton.
This chapter students will be able to: List the basic functions of the nervous system; explain the structural and functional divisions of the nervous system; list the types of neuroglia and cite their functions; define neuron, describe its important structural components, and relate each to a functional role;...
Lecture Human anatomy and physiology - Chapter 16: The endocrine system (part a). The objectives of this chapter are to: Indicate important differences between hormonal and neural controls of body functioning; list the major endocrine organs, and describe their body locations; distinguish between hormones, paracrines, and autocrines;...
Chapter 19 - The cardiovascular system: Blood vessels (part c). After completing this unit, you should be able to: Trace the pathway of blood through the pulmonary circuit, and state the importance of this special circulation; describe the general functions of the systemic circuit; name and give the location of the major arteries and veins in the systemic circulation;...
Chapter 27 - The reproductive system (part a), After completing this unit, you should be able to describe the structure and function of the testes, and explain the importance of their location in the scrotum; describe the phases of the male sexual response.
In the 4th edition we have distilled the text to a set of fl ow diagrams with
linked tables. Our aim is to provide the doctor caring for an acutely ill patient
with rapid access to key information, including a balanced interpretation of
current national and international guidelines.
We have substantially broadened the scope of the book to cover all problems
in general medicine likely to be encountered in the emergency department.
Integration of the use of echocardiography, which we believe is as
important in acute medicine as ECG interpretation, is a particular feature of
Ten years have passed since Twelve Lead Electrocardiography for ACLS
Providers was written in response to a need for a clear, concise, introductory
level text on the morphologic interpretation of electrocardiograms. This
need has grown more compelling in the last decade, as a multiplicity of
efficacious therapeutic interventions has made the early recognition of acute
coronary syndromes ever more important.
Reviews from previous editions: "A book that should find a place on the bookshelves of all physicians who care for diabetic patients." Hospital Update "I would thoroughly recommend that everyone read it if they do not wish to be left behind in this field." Journal of the Royal College of Physicians
Diabetic foot problems are one of the most important long-term problems associated with diabetes. They can be a major cause of disablement and have serious economic consequences for health organisations.
Emergencies in medicine are difficult on two fronts: they may challenge both the
health of the patient and the skills of the doctor in charge. If the latter, the former
may deteriorate rapidly. Thus, the definition of an emergency indeed depends on
who is facing it. As we mature along our clinical pathways of education, training, and
experience, the risk of going through a personal professional emergency is continuously
reduced. Nevertheless, throughout our medical career, accurate self-assessment
and subsequent control of our actions remain our most important qualities.
Endourology is one of the most important subspecialties in the field of urology because
of the widespread use of endoscopy for the diagnosis and treatment of a variety of upper
genitourinary tract pathologies. Although most clinical urologists incorporate some basic
endourology into their practices, complex upper tract pathology and anatomy require
more advanced endoscopic skills and instrumentation.
Advanced Endourology: The Complete Clinical Guide is intended as a resource guide
for all aspects of clinical endourology, particularly the more advanced procedures.
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a major cause of cancer mortality worldwide.
Because early detection is rare, the overall prognosis is generally poor.
Understanding of the etiology, epidemiology, pathophysiology, molecular biology,
and clinical features of HCC is important in providing optimal patient care. In addition,
understanding of the limitations of our current knowledge and therapeutic
capabilities is essential in order to guide future research efforts.
Diabetes mellitus and its complications are clinical conditions of growing
importance both from the clinical as well as epidemiological standpoint. The
relevance of diabetes at clinical and individual level is given by its lifethreatening
acute complications and, especially, by its chronic complications
affecting several organs and systems, with increased risk for ocular, renal,
cardiac, cerebral, nervous and peripheral vascular diseases.
The successful epidemiologic evaluation of any particular disease
or condition has several prerequisites. Two of the most important
prerequisites are that the condition should be accurately defi ned
and that there should be measurable outcomes of interest.
Another requirement is that there must be some systematic way
of data collection or surveillance that will allow the measurement
of the outcomes of interest and associated risk factors. The epidemiologic
evaluation of critical illness associated with pregnancy
has met with mixed success on all of these counts....
We are pleased to present the 7th edition of the Clinician’s Pocket Drug Reference.
This book is based on the drug presentation style used since 1983 in the Clinician’s
Pocket Reference, popularly known as the Scut Monkey Book. Our goal is to identify
the most frequently used and clinically important medications, including
branded, generic and OTC products. The book includes well over 1000 medications
and is designed to represent a cross section of commonly used products in
medical practices across the country....
Radiographic cephalometry has been one of the most
important diagnostic tools in orthodontics, since its
introduction in the early 1930s by Broadbent in the
United States and Hofrath in Germany. Generations of
orthodontists have relied on the interpretation of these
images for their diagnosis and treatment planning as
well as for the long-term follow-up of growth and
treatment results. Also in the planning for surgical
orthodontic corrections of jaw discrepancies, lateral
and antero-posterior cephalograms have been valuable
Of the historical events that have shaped the character of the specialty dealing with ear, nose, throat, head,
and neck disorders, probably none has carried the impact as did the appearance of antimicrobial agents for
clinical use. It is a story that continues to unfold even today with the appearance of new antibiotics every
year and the continuing emergence of new strains of resistant bacteria. Such change gives our knowledge
a short half-life, and perhaps in no other clinical discipline is reeducation as important as in the use of
In any surgical fi eld, the importance of suturing is selfevident.
In eye surgery, due to the lack of elasticity of
the tissues and the infl uence of sutures on the visual
outcome, proper microsurgical suturing technique is
paramount. Inappropriate or careless suture placement
and knot tying can impact visual function. If wound
construction and closure are not astigmatically neutral,
the visual outcome will be altered and further surgical
intervention may be required. Wound related complications
are more severe in the eye than in the skin.
I am pleased to welcome Professor Stan Lemon to the
editorial group for the third edition of Viral Hepatitis:
he brings considerable expertise in molecular virology
to the editing process. Since the second edition was
published in 1998, an additional 14,000 peer-reviewed
papers have been published in this fi eld, and many important
advances have been made.