Today’s ‘renaissance’ of the railways has only been possible thanks to a multitude of
powerful research initiatives aimed at making fundamental improvements in the system
as a whole. Now, keeping rail at the forefront as the most environmentally friendly major
transport mode requires an even more rapid adoption of new technologies for clean and
efﬁ cient energy.
NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Gov-
erning Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from
the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engi-
neering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible
for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for ap-
The supply chain is composed of all the parts of the enterprise
and its associated trading partners. The Lean Green Supply Chain is
made up of two major components: external and internal. There is a
synergy between these two parts. The internal savings can, in some
cases, be equal to the external supply chain savings. To exclude the
internal improvements that supplement the productivity of the External
Lean Supply Chain is to miss out on a major component of longterm
The USG vision for the Global Health Initiative (GHI) in Indonesia is to further strengthen the implementation, reach, and impact of health activities by increasing alignment, coordination and synergies across USG agencies in line with GOI priorities. Current activities and strategies throughout the USG health portfolio strongly reflect the core tenets of GHI – country ownership and whole of government approaches. The GHI goal for Indonesia is “Improved Health Impact through Collaboration” which will be achieved with concentrated efforts in three interrelated focus areas....
In many ways, local authorities are well placed to pursue measures which improve air
quality and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. For example, policies designed to
reduce the impact that transport has on air quality by tackling congestion and
encouraging a shift to public transport, walking and cycling should also reduce carbon
dioxide emissions. Measures to improve energy efficiency and cut energy demand
should also reduce air pollutants that are produced during electricity generation.
The health sector response to HIV should follow four mutually-supportive strategic directions, outlined
below with their objectives. These are aimed at achieving the above targets and goals over the five years of
the strategy. Each content area is subdivided into recommended country action and WHO’s contribution to
support that action.
strategic direction 1: Optimize hiv prevention, diagnosis, treatment and care outcomes.