A survey conducted several years ago within the local atmospheric science
community had indicated the need for a comprehensive reference book of atmospheric
chemistry and physics. The present compilation of data has been prepared
in an attempt to fi ll this need.
While the subject, as a whole or in parts, has received an adequate treatment in
textbooks, encyclopedias, and in other overviews, these publications do not generally
present numerical data but discuss important observations by way of illustrations.
This book covers comprehensive text and reference work on atmospheric models for
methods of numerical modeling and important related areas of data assimilation and
predictability. It incorporates various aspects of environmental computer modeling
including an historical overview of the subject, approximations to land surface and
atmospheric physics and dynamics, radiative transfer and applications in satellite
remote sensing, and data assimilation.
This book is intended for a semester undergraduate course in
atmospheric thermodynamics. Writing it has been in my mind
for a while. The main reason for wanting to write a book like
this was that, simply, no such text in atmospheric thermodynamics
exists. Do not get me wrong here. Excellent books treating
the subject do exist and I have been positively influenced and
guided by them in writing this one.
Improvements in atmospheric observations, further understanding of atmospheric processes, and advances in technology will continue to enhance the accuracy and resolution of atmospheric analysis and prediction. As a consequence, society will enjoy greater confidence in atmospheric information and forecasts and will be able to act more decisively and effectively.
The surface treatment by physical method of jute fiber using air plasma was investigated. Fiber was treated by the atmospheric plasma with various conditions of power 50W and different treatment times (from 1 min to 7 min). After treatment, the characteristics of fiber changed remarkably and fiber surface observed by SEM analyze showed a better morphology for adhesion. The result showed that tensile strength and Young’s modulus of jute fiber were slightly improved, however there was a remarkable improvement interface adhesion between fibers and polypropylene (PP) resin.
Governing Water (2004 – 2007) is a project funded by the European Commission. The aim is to raise awareness and promote dialogue on good governance, using water as a discussion issue, within and between communities in Fiji. More than 40 rural and urban communities on Viti Levu and Vanua Levu have participated in the Governing Water project. Through Governing Water, over 300 community facilitators and schoolteachers have been trained.
The object of cultivating the soil is to raise from it a crop of plants. In order to cultivate with economy, we must raise the largest possible quantity with the least expense, and without permanent injury to the soil. Before this can be done we must study the character of plants, and learn their exact composition. They are not created by a mysterious power, they are merely made up of matters already in existence. They take up water containing food and other mat[Pg 12]ters, and discharge from their roots those substances that are not required for their growth. ...
A comparative analysis of service statistics found that the utilization of services from
health facilities doubled in Site A and increased ten-fold in Site B, compared to the
change in utilization in Site C. Again, comparing the two intervention sites, Site B
experienced six times greater utilization of services than Site A. Thus, for most key
indicators, Strategy II produced greater improvements than did Strategy I.
On the basis of study findings, the following recommendations are made.
While it has been demonstrated that these materials have
good sensitivity to polar VOCs, such as alcohols and
11,12 their rather poor response to nonpolar analytes
has been viewed as a major drawback. In this report, we
explored two ways to improve the sensor performance of
regioregular polythiophene. The first approach is to add a
second polymer at the end of the polythiophene chain to form
a block copolymer. This second polymer interacts with the
analytes in different ways, thus adding another dimensionality
to the sensing response of the material.
The number of organic manures is almost countless. The most common of these have been described in the previous chapters on the excrements of animals. The more prominent of the remaining ones will now be considered. As a universal rule, it may be stated that all organic matter (every thing which has had vegetable or animal life) is capable of fertilizing plants.
The loss of manure is a subject which demands most serious attention. Until within a few years, little was known about the true character of manures, and consequently, of the importance of protecting them against loss.
The first causes of waste are evaporation and leaching.
EVAPORATION. Name a solid body which evaporates. What takes place when a dead animal is exposed to the atmosphere for a sufficient time?
What often assist the evaporation of solids? Evaporation is the changing of a solid or liquid body to a vapory form.
The action of the wind on dry loose soil surfaces leads to particles blowing into the air. Factors favouring
the suspension of soil dust particles into the atmosphere are an exposed dry surface of fine soil and a high
wind speed. In towns and cities, the areas of exposed soil, particularly in town centres, are rather small.
However, there are considerable quantities of dusts on road and pavement surfaces which arise from
ingress of soil on vehicle tyres and from the atmosphere, the erosion of the road surface itself and
degradation of parts of the vehicle, especially the tyres.
In this paper we propose the design of Byzantium,
a Byzantine-fault-tolerant database replication middle-
ware. Byzantium improves on existing BFT replication
for databases both because it has no centralized compo-
nents (of whose correctness the integrity of the system
depends) and by allowing increased concurrency, which
is essential to achieve good performance.
The main insight behind our approach is to aim
for weaker semantics than traditional BFT replication
The recommendations on communication and patient-centred care made in the two NICE
cancer service guidance documents ‘Improving outcomes in urological cancers’ (2002) and
‘Improving supportive and palliative care for adults with cancer’ (2004) should be followed
throughout the patient journey.
Men with prostate cancer should be offered individualised information tailored to their own
needs. This information should be given by a healthcare professional (for example, a consultant
or specialist nurse) and may be supported by written and...
Breathing clean air is important to maintain our health.
Thousands of us live in areas where the air is sometimes
considered unhealthy to breathe because it is polluted. One
common air pollutant is ground-level ozone. The effects of
ground-level ozone pollution are different than the effects
of the ozone layer high up in the atmosphere, which helps
protect us from receiving too much of the sun’s ultraviolet
radiation. At ground level, ozone can cause breathing
difficulties, aggravate lung diseases, such as asthma,
and may cause permanent lung damage.
One of the major circumstances is how businesslike your activities are carried out. Areas of
interest to the IRS include well-maintained books, obtaining a local business license, maintaining
a separate bank account for the business, and proof of marketing efforts including business cards.
Another concern of the IRS is the amount of time and effort you devote to the enterprise,
especially if you also hold a job besides your business.
Howarth et al.
developed an approach for estimating
the net nitrogen inputs to a region N that is highly
correlated with average nitrogen transport in the rivers
draining temperate regions (Fig. 2). Net N input to a region
was deﬁned as sum of N in fertilizer used, biological N
ﬁxation of agricultural crops, oxidized N in atmospheric
deposition in the region, and the N in food and feed
imported to the region minus the N in food and feed
exported from the region. This approach assumes that
there is no net gain or loss of N from soil organic matter.
The nutritional knowledge and practical skills of small scale farm holders must be improved in
order to ensure that PNG can take advantage of the benefits of aquaculture. An increase in this
knowledge base will also directly benefit other agricultural industries reliant on the feeding of
stock such as the rapidly expanding poultry industry. These needs have been addressed in a three
day Feed Manufacturing Workshop funded by the Australian Centre for International
Agricultural Research (ACIAR).
What is the first office of the soil? How does it hold water for the uses of the plant? How does it obtain a part of its moisture? The mechanical character of the soil is well understood from preceding remarks, and the learner knows that there are many offices to be performed by the soil aside from the feeding of plants. 1. It admits the roots of plants, and holds them in their position. 2. By a sponge-like action, it holds water for the uses of the plant. 3. It absorbs moisture from the atmosphere to supply the demands...
Within a social justice model, the G&J Program uses a reproductive justice framework, as
conceptualized by SisterSong and Asian Communities for Reproductive Justice.
justice extends beyond health services and information (reproductive health model) and
fundamental liberties (reproductive rights model), to the economic, social, environmental, and
political conditions that affect the health and lives of women and their families and communities.