In November 2004, building upon the recommendations established in the RSSS,
the CPSS and the Technical Committee of IOSCO published the Recommendations for
central counterparties (RCCP). The RCCP provided 15 recommendations that addressed the
major types of risks faced by CCPs. A methodology for assessing a CCP’s observance of
each recommendation was included in the report.
The Department of the Navy maintains a vigorous science and technology (S&T) research program
in those areas that are critically important to ensuring U.S. naval superiority in the maritime environment.
A number of these areas depend largely on sustained Navy Department investments for their
health, strength, and growth. One such area is naval hydromechanics, that is, the study of the hydrodynamic
and hydroacoustic performance of Navy ships, submarines, underwater vehicles, and weapons.
In a detailed descriptive analysis, temporal trends in disease incidence and distribution
were examined according to patient age, sex, socioeconomic status, ethnicity, urban versus rural
dwelling, region (health board area), and season. Case-patients were assigned rurality and
deprivation scores on the basis of their home domicile. For rurality assignment, we used a
Statistics New Zealand classification system, which defines 7 grades of rurality on the basis of
population size and employment address (18).
When the concept of a network without wires was first suggested more than two
decades ago, it sparked the imagination of scientists, product vendors, and users
around the globe eager for the convenience and flexibility of a free roaming connection.
Unfortunately, as the variety of wireless solutions began to emerge, anticipation
turned to disappointment.The first wave of solutions proved inadequate
for the networking, portability, and security needs of a changing IT environment.
In a 2004 survey of 200 IT professionals from 14
countries in the Americas, Asia/Pacific and Europe, the
IT Governance Institute (ITGI) found that in 80% of
organizations, IT management is solely responsible for
defining and addressing IT risk impact. This widespread
lack of involvement by business unit managers demon-
strates a consistent—and alarming—gap in mapping
technology risk to the business. Additionally, this gap als
shows that most organizations have inadequate IT risk
assessment processes across their enterprises.
Another broad-based farm organization, the National Farmers Union (NFU), contends that crop
insurance remains inadequate for those with multi-year disasters, and that crop quality loss
discounts applied in insurance contracts do not reflect realities of the marketplace. The
organization also wants insurance companies to offer coverage in all areas and not “cherry pick”
regions that are most profitable, a concern that USDA attempted to address in the Standard
Reinsurance Agreement signed in 2010.
A similar problem can affect patients whose lymph node integrity has been disrupted by radical surgery, particularly patients who have had radical node dissections. A common clinical problem following radical mastectomy is the development of cellulitis (usually caused by streptococci or staphylococci) because of lymphedema and/or inadequate lymph drainage. In most cases, this problem can be addressed by local measures designed to prevent fluid accumulation and breaks in the skin, but antibiotic prophylaxis has been necessary in refractory cases.
However, surveillance data shows that even in years of improved food production and relative
stability, rates of acute and chronic malnutrition remain high in certain regions indicating other
underlying causes play a significant role. Evidence shows that sub-optimal infant, young child and
maternal feeding and care practices, low dietary diversity, poor hygiene, water and sanitation, high
morbidity coupled with inadequate access to health care are key determinants of the problem.
WHOís failure to eradicate malaria (after a significant victory over smallpox) revealed
the interrelationship of health and infrastructure, culture, politics and economic stability.
In addition, it demonstrated the imperative that health campaigns be culturally-sensitive
and discredited the notion of magic bullets for the worldís disease burdens.
However, the situational analysis shows that in some regions rates of chronic and acute malnutrition
remain high even outside of times of crisis, with multi factorial underlying causes. These underlying
causes include: sub optimal infant, young child and maternal feeding and care practices, poor
dietary diversity, inadequate water and sanitation and high morbidity coupled with poor access to
and utilisation of health services.
This paper describes the problems faced while using Kimmo's two-level model to describe certain Indian languages such as Tamil and Hindi. The two-level model is shown to be descriptively inadequate to address these problems. A simple extension to the basic two-level model is introduced which allows conflicting phonological rules to coexist. The computational complexity of the extension is the same as Kimmo's two-level model.
In the past 15 years, researchers have demonstrated that low literacy can have far-reaching consequences for an individual’s health. In our 2004 systematic review and related articles,49,50 we identified 44 articles describing results that addressed the relationship between literacy and use of health care services, health outcomes, costs of health care, and disparities. The report found that low or inadequate literacy (compared to adequate literacy) was strongly associated with poorer knowledge or comprehension of health care services and health outcomes.