Xem 1-20 trên 435 kết quả Incentives
  • This paper examines the incentives and disincentives for the adoption of Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs) by farmers and by downstream handlers of farm outputs in developing countries. GAPs cover a diverse set of objectives and have been developed by a wide array of interest groups from private supply chain-driven systems tied to individual retailers, and industry-wide systems driven by retailer or producer associations, to programmes developed within national policy frameworks or promoted by international agencies....

    pdf46p nguyenngocsonctu 04-12-2010 49 9   Download

  • This paper analyzes the role of the financial system for economic growth and stability, and addresses a number of core policy issues for financial sector reforms in emerging economies. The role of finance is studied in the context of a circuit model with interacting rational, forward- looking, and heterogeneous agents. Finance is shown to essentially complement the price system in coordinating decentralized intertemporal resource allocation choices from agents operating under limited information and incomplete trust.

    pdf55p truongdoan 10-11-2009 124 57   Download

  • PUBLIC GOODS, PRIVATE INCENTIVES, AND AGRICULTURAL R&D: PRODUCTIVITY AND POVERTY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRY AGRICULTURE Like Baker, McMillan, and Reuben (2002), I identify parental valuations by the location of clusters of high income families: If parental preferences over communities depend exclusively on the effectiveness of the local schools, the most desirable—and therefore wealthiest—communities are necessarily those with the most effective schools.

    pdf261p mualan_mualan 25-02-2013 26 7   Download

  • The Incentive Effects of Social Policies on Education and Labor Markets Several specification tests and alternative data sets fail to reveal important biases in the basic models. Several specification tests and alternative data sets fail to reveal important biases in the basic models.

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về sinh học được đăng trên tạp chí sinh học quốc tế đề tài : Designing financial-incentive programmes for return of medical service in underserved areas: seven management functions

    pdf14p panasonic07 03-01-2012 26 4   Download

  • The high ownership concentration can also serve as a credible commitment that the controlling owner is willing to build a reputation for not expropriating minority shareholders (Gomes, 2000). The commitment is credible because minority shareholders know that if the controlling owner unexpectedly extracts high levels of private benefits when he/she still holds a substantial amount of shares, they will discount the stock price accordingly, and the majority owner’s share value will be reduced.

    pdf44p bin_pham 06-02-2013 26 4   Download

  • However, this model is complicated by the fact that conflicts often occur in mixed-motive relationships where the involved parties both have cooperative and competitive goals and Mitchell’s model seems to have neglected this pluralistic/multifaceted/more complex dimension to the relationship. The competitive element creates conflict and the cooperative element creates incentives to negotiate an agreement. There are, however, studies that confirm that conflicts tend to occur even when the involved parties have highly compatible goals.

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  • This project originated in the Board on Testing and Assessment (BOTA) in 2002 as the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001 was in its early stages of implementation. The initial discussions were sparked by the different perspectives on the use of test-based incentives by the board members, whose expertise included a wide range of disciplines. In particular, the board’s interest in the topic was animated by the apparent tension between the economics and educational measurement literatures about the potential of test-based accountability to improve student achievement....

    pdf130p haiduong_1 03-04-2013 18 4   Download

  • In a competitive world of symmetric information and costless enforcement, credit contracts could be written conditional on borrower behavior. Borrowers would then have access to loans under any interest rate-collateral combination that would yield lenders a zero expected profit. However, as a large literature has shown, information asymmetries and enforcement costs make such conditional contracting infeasible and restrict the set of available contracts, eliminating as incentive incompatible high interest rate, low collateral contracts.

    pdf15p enter1cai 12-01-2013 20 3   Download

  • A production tax credit (PTC) is an example of such a performance-based incentive that provides the investor or owner of an eligible renewable energy system with an annual tax credit based on the amount of electricity generated by the system. By linking the incentive to energy produced rather than capital invested, this type of incentive encourages and rewards projects based on performance.

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  • The purpose of this study: The general purpose of this dissertation is to research of the relationship between the organizational culture and the incentive system. The study will answer the questions whether the organizational culture has significant influences on the incentive system, including frequency of incentive use, parity or equity allocation principle.

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Wertheim cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Estimation of lung vital capacity before and after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery: a comparison of incentive spirometer and ventilometry...

    pdf5p thulanh23 21-11-2011 31 2   Download

  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Financial incentives to improve adherence to anti-psychotic maintenance medication in non-adherent patients - a cluster randomised controlled trial (FIAT)

    pdf9p thulanh29 18-12-2011 19 2   Download

  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về sinh học được đăng trên tạp chí sinh học quốc tế đề tài : Incentives for retaining and motivating health workers in Pacific and Asian countries

    pdf20p panasonic07 03-01-2012 21 2   Download

  • Under the Army’s financial management system for spare parts, logistics customers receive budgets to buy spare parts from the supply system and receive credits for returning parts to the supply system, either for repair or because they are no longer needed in local inventories. The Army’s wholesale inventories of spare parts are financed by a stock fund, which u

    pdf0p xuan2013 29-01-2013 20 2   Download

  • These Incentives are available for energy efficiency equipment upgrades and improvements including Lighting/Electrical, Mechanical, Kitchen/Refrigeration and Building Envelope. Incentives are paid based on the quantity, size and efficiency of the equipment. Incentives are provided for qualified equipment commonly installed in a retrofit or equipment replacement situation. Full details of the measures, incentive amounts, and equipment specifications are detailed in this catalog.

    pdf77p bi_ve_sau 05-02-2013 16 2   Download

  • Universal sensitivity to our environment and environmental considerations have led to the development of projects that not only minimize GHG (Green House Gas) emissions, but also help to displace GHG emissions from existing plants as well as other emissions sources. Thus, one of the more significant advantages for gas turbine, combined cycles and gas reciprocating engines is the potential for GHG reductions as compared to less efficient systems.

    pdf34p loixinloi 08-05-2013 24 2   Download

  • Lecture "Human resource management - Chapter 7: Recognizing employee contributions recognizing employee contributions with pay" presentation of content: Discuss the connection between incentive pay and employee performance, describe how organizations recognize individual performance,... Invite reference.

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  • .This product is part of the RAND Corporation technical report series. Reports may include research findings on a specific topic that is limited in scope; present discussions of the methodology employed in research; provide literature reviews, survey instruments, modeling exercises, guidelines for practitioners and research professionals, and supporting documentation; or deliver preliminary findings. All RAND reports undergo rigorous peer review to ensure that they meet high standards for research quality and objectivity....

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  • Tham khảo sách 'oil shale history incentives and policy', kỹ thuật - công nghệ, tự động hoá phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

    pdf32p nt18104 21-05-2013 11 1   Download

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