This paper examines the incentives and disincentives for the adoption of Good Agricultural
Practices (GAPs) by farmers and by downstream handlers of farm outputs in developing
countries. GAPs cover a diverse set of objectives and have been developed by a wide array of
interest groups from private supply chain-driven systems tied to individual retailers, and
industry-wide systems driven by retailer or producer associations, to programmes developed
within national policy frameworks or promoted by international agencies....
This paper analyzes the role of the financial system for economic growth and stability, and addresses a number of core policy issues for financial sector reforms in emerging economies. The role of finance is studied in the context of a circuit model with interacting rational, forward- looking, and heterogeneous agents. Finance is shown to essentially complement the price system in coordinating decentralized intertemporal resource allocation choices from agents operating under limited information and incomplete trust.
PUBLIC GOODS, PRIVATE INCENTIVES, AND AGRICULTURAL R&D: PRODUCTIVITY AND POVERTY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRY AGRICULTURE Like Baker, McMillan, and Reuben (2002), I identify parental valuations by the
location of clusters of high income families: If parental preferences over communities depend
exclusively on the effectiveness of the local schools, the most desirableand therefore
wealthiestcommunities are necessarily those with the most effective schools.
The Incentive Effects of Social Policies on Education and Labor Markets Several specification tests and alternative data sets fail to reveal
important biases in the basic models. Several specification tests and alternative data sets fail to reveal
important biases in the basic models.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về sinh học được đăng trên tạp chí sinh học quốc tế đề tài : Designing financial-incentive programmes for return of medical service in underserved areas: seven management functions
The high ownership concentration can also serve
as a credible commitment that the controlling owner is willing to build a reputation for
not expropriating minority shareholders (Gomes, 2000). The commitment is credible
because minority shareholders know that if the controlling owner unexpectedly extracts
high levels of private benefits when he/she still holds a substantial amount of shares, they
will discount the stock price accordingly, and the majority owner’s share value will be
However, this model is complicated by the fact that
conflicts often occur in mixed-motive relationships where the involved
parties both have cooperative and competitive goals and Mitchell’s model
seems to have neglected this pluralistic/multifaceted/more complex
dimension to the relationship.
The competitive element creates conflict
and the cooperative element creates incentives to negotiate an
There are, however, studies that confirm that conflicts tend
to occur even when the involved parties have highly compatible goals.
This project originated in the Board on Testing and Assessment
(BOTA) in 2002 as the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001 was
in its early stages of implementation. The initial discussions were
sparked by the different perspectives on the use of test-based incentives
by the board members, whose expertise included a wide range of disciplines.
In particular, the board’s interest in the topic was animated by the
apparent tension between the economics and educational measurement
literatures about the potential of test-based accountability to improve
In a competitive world of symmetric information
and costless enforcement, credit contracts
could be written conditional on borrower behavior.
Borrowers would then have access
to loans under any interest rate-collateral
combination that would yield lenders a zero
expected profit. However, as a large literature
has shown, information asymmetries
and enforcement costs make such conditional
contracting infeasible and restrict the set of
available contracts, eliminating as incentive incompatible
high interest rate, low collateral
A production tax credit (PTC) is an example of such a performance-based incentive that
provides the investor or owner of an eligible renewable energy system with an annual tax
credit based on the amount of electricity generated by the system. By linking the incentive to
energy produced rather than capital invested, this type of incentive encourages and rewards
projects based on performance.
The purpose of this study: The general purpose of this dissertation is to research of the relationship between the organizational culture and the incentive system. The study will answer the questions whether the organizational culture has significant influences on the incentive system, including frequency of incentive use, parity or equity allocation principle.
Lecture "Human resource management - Chapter 7: Recognizing employee contributions recognizing employee contributions with pay" presentation of content: Discuss the connection between incentive pay and employee performance, describe how organizations recognize individual performance,... Invite reference.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Wertheim cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Estimation of lung vital capacity before and after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery: a comparison of incentive spirometer and ventilometry...
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Financial incentives to improve adherence to anti-psychotic maintenance medication in non-adherent patients - a cluster randomised controlled trial (FIAT)
Under the Army’s financial management system for spare parts, logistics customers receive budgets to buy spare parts from the supply system and receive credits for returning parts to the supply system, either for repair or because they are no longer needed in local inventories. The Army’s wholesale inventories of spare parts are financed by a stock fund, which u
These Incentives are available for energy efficiency equipment upgrades and improvements including
Lighting/Electrical, Mechanical, Kitchen/Refrigeration and Building Envelope. Incentives are paid based
on the quantity, size and efficiency of the equipment. Incentives are provided for qualified equipment
commonly installed in a retrofit or equipment replacement situation.
Full details of the measures, incentive amounts, and equipment specifications are detailed in this catalog.
Universal sensitivity to our environment and environmental
considerations have led to the development of projects that not
only minimize GHG (Green House Gas) emissions, but also help to
displace GHG emissions from existing plants as well as other
emissions sources. Thus, one of the more significant advantages
for gas turbine, combined cycles and gas reciprocating engines is
the potential for GHG reductions as compared to less efficient
.This product is part of the RAND Corporation technical report series. Reports may include research ﬁndings on a speciﬁc topic that is limited in scope; present discussions of the methodology employed in research; provide literature reviews, survey instruments, modeling exercises, guidelines for practitioners and research professionals, and supporting documentation; or deliver preliminary ﬁndings. All RAND reports undergo rigorous peer review to ensure that they meet high standards for research quality and objectivity....