Because time-series studies focus on a given geographic location over a number of years,
factors that are often thought to influence the health of the population, such as percentage of
smokers, income level, occupational exposure to pollutants, access to medical care and age
distribution, do not need to be incorporated into the analysis as they are considered to remain
relatively constant within the study area over time. Typically, the only other factors aside from
pollution included in these models are weather variables and seasonal controls.
In this important new book and presents the quintessential guide for gas engineers, emphasizing the practical aspects of natural gas production. Readers will learn to incorporate cutting-edge research in estimating reserves, evaluating the performance of fractured wells, processing gas, and material balance analysis; learn to evaluate future performance of gas reservoirs; learn to improve the performance of gas wells; and more.
The predominant and persistent indoor VOCs included aldehydes (e.g., formaldehyde,
acetaldehyde, pentanal, hexanal and nonanal) and terpene hydrocarbons (e.g., a-pinene, 3-carene
and d-limonene), which are characteristic of wood product emissions. Other compounds of
interest included phenol, naphthalene, and other aromatic hydrocarbons. VOC concentrations
were generally typical of results reported for other new houses. Measurements of total VOCs
were used to evaluate short-term changes in indoor VOC concentrations. ...
Many have gone above and beyond the
call of duty to make this special issue
possible. The editorial team at Forced
Migration Review has been the anchor
on which we have all relied. The
authors of the articles and those who
submitted pieces we could not include
deserve special recognition. Their work
was done after-hours, often in the field
during time they did not have. Ricardo
Ernst, my fellow guest editor, has been
an able partner responding with feed-
back from all corners of the globe.
A case study of an excellent Spanish–English bilingual reader (Jiménez et al.,
1995) shows the use of similar strategies for identifying words and comprehending text in
both languages, and the frequent use of information from the other language. A larger-
scale study carried out by the same group (Jiménez et al.
in the united states, RREEF Real Estate’s engineering
procedures include detailed practices to improve resource
efficiency and environmental practices. the engineering
team is deeply involved both in acquisitions due diligence,
and in working closely with asset management to develop
sustainable property management guidelines with third-
party property managers.
Many Roman villas had under-floor heating which would have been especially
useful in the British winter! The Roman name, hypocaust, is Ancient Greek
meaning ‘fire beneath’.
The floor was supported on short columns made of stacked tiles. A fire would
be kept burning (very hard work for the slaves!) in the furnace room, and the
hot air would move through the under-floor area, heating the rooms above.
The hot air and smoke escaped through channels in the walls.
To make your hypocaust system, you will need to raise up your whole
villa by around 6cm.
Oracle Real Application Clusters (RAC)1 is an option to the award-winning
Oracle Database Enterprise Edition. Oracle RAC is a cluster database with a shared
cache architecture that overcomes the limitations of traditional shared-nothing and
shared-disk approaches to provide highly scalable and available database solutions
for all your business applications. Oracle RAC is a key component of Oracle’s
enterprise grid architecture and cloud foundation.
We develop and implement a framework in which prior views and empirical evidence
about pricing models and managerial skill can be incorporated formally into the invest-
ment decision. Our framework relies on a set of passive indexes or \assets," consisting of
nonbenchmark assets as well as the benchmark assets prescribed by a pricing model. A
common interpretation of alpha, the intercept in a regression of the fund's excess return on
the benchmarks, is that it represents the skill of the fund's manager in selecting mispriced
Sustainability is a powerful buzzword for good reason. It is strongly connected to notions
such as endurance, flexibility, quality and alternative thinking – all of which are increasingly
emerging as building blocks of financially successful enterprise. And real estate that has
incorporated these aspects clearly is increasingly acquiring a competitive advantage over
other product in the market. Sustainability then, as far as real estate is concerned, is about the
more durable processes and practices of the humans that interact with the property.
In addition to redeﬁ ning the calculation of capital requirements and establish-
ing a supervisory review process under Pillars 1 and 2, Basel II imposes new
and enhanced disclosure obligations on credit institutions under its third pillar.
The purpose of Pillar 3 is to ensure greater transparency in terms of banks’
activities and risk strategies, as well as to enhance comparability across credit
institutions – which is all in the interests of market participants.
The M.Ed. program offers graduate licensure in elementary education (K-6), gifted
education (K-12), and special education (K-12). In the M.Ed. program, students hone
skills for implementing appropriate instruction and differentiating curriculum for special
needs students while deepening their understanding of the different content areas.
Though skill development is an important aspect of the program, empowering teachers
to make professionally mature decisions and developing collaborative leadership and
research expertise are also emphasized. The M.Ed.
The laws of random chance, however, also indicate that, after a period of above-average
performance, a fund will probably return to normalcy at best (referred to by mathematicians as a
"reversion to the mean").
Furthermore, after an influx of new money, the fund's outlook may be
even less promising than normal. The formerly successful fund may be more likely than other
funds to underperform. The source of the underperformance...
In the Basel II framework, external ratings are used for the purpose of enhancing the risk
sensitivity of the framework, for example, by being incorporated into assessments of the
credit quality of an exposure or creditworthiness of a counterparty – and thus the imposition
of capital requirements. External ratings are primarily used under the standardised approach
for credit risk,
but also to risk-weight securitisations exposures.
Despite the uncertainty around the appropriation and the limited discretionary funds we
project we will have available, this business plan nevertheless will enable CPB to play a
significant leadership role in our industry’s efforts to design and build the public media system
of the future. We will fund major projects in content, television, radio, and digital media
platforms. We will fund educational content that we know through research will help close the
academic achievement gap between affluent and disadvantaged children.
From the epidemiological data (fixed base line increment per 10 µg/m3 PM10 per 1 million inhabitant)
on the one hand and the average exposure level of the population on the other hand, the number of
health outcomes can be determined.
These calculations may be done for the current exposure to particulate matter as well as for a
hypothetical situation without road traffic-related air pollution. The difference between the two results
corresponds to the number of morbidity and mortality cases attributable to road traffic-related air
The second problem with accounting proﬁts is that, unlike cash ﬂow, they exclude investments. A growing business
will invariably have to invest more in working and ﬁxed capital, so that it could easily have positive earnings, but cash
could be draining away. On the other hand, depreciation is deducted in the calculation of earnings even though it
does not involve any cash outlay. So for a mature business with assets still being depreciated, earnings could well
understate cash ﬂows.
Third, earnings ignore the time value of money.
We measured and tested whether the following variables affect walking (basis:
200m buffer around each child's shortest walking path): number of busy intersections
crossed, intersection and street density, total daily vehicle-miles traveled, average
vehicle speed along the route, population density, and land use (R Wilson, 2008).
Sidewalk coverage data do not exist for Roseville and could not be tested in the model.
We refined the model through systematic testing of independent variables as the differ-
ence in log-likelihood ratios.
In recent years, energy prices have become increasingly more expensive and volatile.
This trend has added to auto ownership costs and uncertainty about future operating
expenses. Moreover, parking in many of the world’s largest cities is limited and costly
further adding to private vehicle expenditures. Many nations worldwide have adopted
carsharing (or short-term auto access) as a means to reduce personal transportation costs
and the negative impacts of widespread auto use including: congestion, inefficient land
use, energy consumption, and emissions.