Increase transparency

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  • In a more challenging, mature, and increasingly transparent market, this is unlikely to continue to be the case as it is increasingly possible to assembl performance records. Investors are becoming more assertive, and regulations/directives are playing an increasingly important role in the need for disclosure and accountability. The question of how manager performance is rewarded is therefore a key issue for the industry: do performance-related fees, for example, adequately distinguish between risk taking (higher beta) and genuine skill/out-performance (alpha)? ...

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  • HiGain® doubler units (HDUs) allow HiGain systems to be used for applications outside the Carrier Service Area (CSA), increasing the range by up to five times. Span equipment consists of HDUs that can be deployed in the existing repeater enclosures or in remote enclosures for higher deployment density and lower deployment costs. Enclosures are available for both above- and below-ground installations.

    pdf2p thuyvan 13-08-2009 78 4   Download

  • In recent years, there were several important steps forward in the development of graphics hardware: shaders were introduced, GPUs became more general, and GPU performance increased drastically. In consequence, many new techniques appeared and novel rendering methods, such as deferred shading, became practical. e latter was one of the key factors in enabling a high light count, which added a never-before-seen realism to real-time graphics. e related tech demos were breathtaking, exhibiting enormous amounts of detail and complex surface properties.

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  • Each of these explanations has different policy implications. Should policymakers try to address external imbalances, increase nancial regulation or redesign the monetary policy framework to prevent future crises? To shed light on this question, we analyse the impact of both monetary policy and capital inows shocks on the housing sector across 18 OECD countries. We also assess whether the degree of mortgage market development or legislation permitting issuance of mortgage-backed securities amplify or dampen the impact of these shocks on the housing sector....

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  • Over the centuries, from Edward Jenner to Bill Gates, as our scientific understanding of diseases has increased, so has the focus on prioritizing new vaccines to help achieve better health. Despite the expanding interest in and support toward improving global health, constraints inherent to vaccine development and delivery present decision makers with difficult choices. Given the lack of effective tools and models to assist the decisionmaking process, renewed attention is needed to improve the approaches available for priority setting and for guiding investment decisions....

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  • It makes sense that annuities would be widely used by workers as a way to replace the guaranteed lifetime income security that once was provided by pensions. But annuities are not as well understood, not as popular, and not as competitively priced, given the increased need for them, as one would hope. Life insurance is, in a sense, the opposite of an annuity. The purchaser of an annuity bets that he or she will live a long time. The purchaser of life insurance bets that he or she will die soon.

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  • Localism and decentralisation can only work if central government is prepared to trust local bodies, communities and citizens. We have aimed to design a local audit system which provides the rigour needed for Parliament, but allows local public bodies to take more responsibility in the way they procure audit services. These changes go hand in hand with the Government’s actions to increase transparency in local government and will help enable local people and local organisations to hold their local public bodies to account for the way that their money is spent....

    pdf38p tay_thi_le 19-02-2013 21 3   Download

  • Given the strong leadership evidenced by the current Governors of New York and New Jersey,  and  their  appropriate  and  intense  focus  on  responsible  government,  increased  transparency,  organizational  efficiency  and  fiscal  responsibility,  the  Port  Authority  now  has  a window  of  opportunity to drive the transformational changes fundamental to addressing the challenges of  the organization.

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  • Every company is always at risk of having trade secrets compromised, intellectual property stolen, and business plans revealed in an untimely manner. Industrial espionage and spying remain at a high level and are practiced on an international scale. An organization’s privacy planning process needs to take these threats into consideration. However, theft of proprietary information is only part of an organization’s vulnerability in privacy wars. How it uses the information it collects about its customers, or even its suppliers, can also increase its vulnerability.

    pdf13p khongmuonnghe 04-01-2013 13 2   Download

  • Adobe Photoshop Tools Add mode (Shape tools) Subtract mode (Shape tools) Lock transparency pixels (on / off) Decrease brush size Increase brush size Decrease brush hardness by 25% Increase brush hardness by 25% Previous brush Next brush First brush Last brush Tool opacity 10% ® 100% Flow 10% → 100% Path / Direct Selection tools Brush / Pencil / Color Replacement tools N ® ® CS4 Keyboard Shortcuts Alt+F Ctrl+Alt+O Ctrl+W / Ctrl+F4 Ctrl+Alt+W / Ctrl+Shift+F4 Ctrl+Shift+W Ctrl+Q Ctrl+Alt+Shift+ I Ctrl+N Ctrl+Alt+N Ctrl+O Ctrl+Alt+Shift+O Ctrl+Shift+P Ctrl+Shift+O Ctrl+P Ctr...

    pdf0p diesmall 25-02-2010 518 264   Download

  • As was mentioned previously, the times and business priorities are changing at a rapid pace: no longer do organisations aspire to profit for shareholders alone – they are increasingly answerable to other stakeholders. As a result of regulatory and media pressure, in particular, best practice, transparency, open-ness and fair play are needed to be successful and sustainable in business. While traditional concepts still exist and are referred to in this handbook, new meanings are also developing.

    pdf749p namde02 05-04-2013 55 33   Download

  • CHAPTER 2 Cutting through the Black Box: Transparency and Disclosure. Perhaps the biggest challenge facing the hedge fund industry as it enters into a phase of increasing maturity are the issues of transparency and disclosure.

    pdf20p mama15 27-09-2010 76 25   Download

  • The increasing globalisation of financial markets led companies in many countries to apply from 2005 the IFRS principles. The main goal of IFRS is to safeguard investors by achieving uniformity and transparency in the accounting principles. One of the most challenging aspects of the IFRS rules is the accounting treatment of derivatives, a challenge that has strengthened the relationship between risk management and accounting.

    pdf443p haiduong_1 03-04-2013 39 19   Download

  • Auditors would be regulated under a system which mirrors that of the audit of companies with a role for the Financial Reporting Council and the professional audit bodies. We envisage that the National Audit Office will set the code of audit practice and we have put forward options for the scope of audit in the new framework. The consultation document also sets out how transparency will be increased in the new framework and our proposals for auditing smaller bodies with a turnover below £6.5m in a proportionate way.

    pdf192p tay_thi_le 19-02-2013 30 8   Download

  • ABSTRACT Vietnam’s foreign exchange (forex) market has remained relatively poorly developed despite more than two decades of general reform throughout the economy. This paper adopts a microstructure approach to the analysis of the root-causes underlying the operational deficiencies of this market. The analysis suggests that the authorities have tended to follow a de facto adjustable peg exchange rate regime which, in turn, has acted as a retardant to the development of the country’s forex market. Consequently, market signals have become increasingly non-transparent.

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  • There are also marked differences between retailers in terms of their pricing policies. These differences do not only relate to the general price level but also to whether a retailer predominantly pursues permanent pricing policies, or whether high prices alternate with low-price promotions. This latter strategy was an adequate tool in times of relatively high inflation and a subsequent lack of market transparency in order to attract customers.

    pdf22p nhacchovina 22-03-2013 33 6   Download

  • Brazil’s equity market has grown rapidly in terms of both market capitalization and transaction volumes. Total equity market capitalization was about 55 percent of GDP in 2011 with a diversified investor base including individuals, institutional investors, financial institutions, and foreign investors. This growth has been fueled by a combination of strong market performance and a steady increase in the total quantity of shares.

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  • Sovereign wealth funds (SWFs) are investment funds owned and managed by national governments. Such funds currently manage between $1.9 and $2.9 trillion and are expected to grow to over $12 trillion by 2015. This is due to the rapid growth of commodity prices and large trade surpluses in several emerging market economies. During the second half of 2007, interest in SWFs increased as Asian and Middle Eastern SWFs, fueled by surging foreign exchange reserves, invested large sums of capital in U.S. and other Western companies.

    pdf29p thangbienthai 20-11-2012 34 5   Download

  • The Affordable Care Act increases insurance company accountability by supporting States’ review of premium increases, setting standards for the amount of premiums spent on benefits versus overhead (i.e., medical loss ratios), and posting insurance price information for transparency. A Small Business Health Care Tax Credit, reinsurance for early retirees, and premium assistance for uninsured people with pre-existing conditions have already provided targeted relief for millions of insured and uninsured Americans, and these changes are making a difference.

    pdf14p thangbienthai 27-11-2012 19 5   Download

  • “ as a founding member of Greenprint, RREEF Real Estate has and continues to play a leadership role in defining the metrics that Greenprint will collect in future reporting rounds, and how the reporting process can be increasingly automated, transparent, and compatible with the established set of portfolio management tools widely used in the commercial real estate industry.”

    pdf0p quaivattim 01-12-2012 15 4   Download

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