These criteria set a general framework for monitoring existing and proposed legislation. But monitoring
the actual policy needs of SME is difficult even in advanced economies. There is a need to establish
mechanisms for effective public-private sector dialogue and feedback from those who implement legislation.
Business associations from time to time can undertake studies of members’ needs and governments
anticipating a particularly acute problem or proposing new forms of legislation may commission surveys.
Hollywood’s loss, in terms of the general narrowing of the horizons
of possibility at the heart of the studio-led machine, was to be the
gain of a newly consolidating form of independent production and
distribution that was beginning to take shape during the 1980s, and
into which some of the inheritance of the Renaissance was carried.
The term ‘independent’ has had rather different connotations at
different periods in the history of American cinema. In the 1930s,
for example, it signiﬁed ‘something less than trash’.
We compare the phenomena of clausal coordinate ellipsis in Estonian, a Finno-Ugric language, and German, an Indo-European language. The rules underlying these phenomena appear to be remarkably similar. Thus, the software module ELLEIPO, which was originally developed to generate clausal coordinate ellipsis in German and Dutch, works for Estonian as well. In order to extend ELLEIPO’s coverage to Estonian, we only had to adapt the lexicon and some syntax rules unrelated to coordination.
This paper describes a new discourse module within our multilingual NLP system. Because of its unique data-driven architecture, the discourse module is language-independent. Moreover, the use of hierarchically organized multiple knowledge sources makes the module robust and trainable using discourse-tagged corpora. Separating discourse phenomena from knowledge sources makes the discourse module easily extensible to additional phenomena.
We present a language-pair independent terminology extraction module that is based on a sub-sentential alignment system that links linguistically motivated phrases in parallel texts. Statistical ﬁlters are applied on the bilingual list of candidate terms that is extracted from the alignment output. We compare the performance of both the alignment and terminology extraction module for three different language pairs (French-English, French-Italian and French-Dutch) and highlight languagepair speciﬁc problems (e.g. different compounding strategy in French and Dutch). ...
The analog output modules convert digital signals from the PLC into analog signals for the process. The modules feature the following: Resolution from 12 to 15 bit Various voltage and current ranges: The ranges are set independently for each channel using parameterization software. Interrupt capability: The module transmits diagnostic alarm messages to the controller’s CPU in the event of errors.
Fossil fuel combustion for transportation contributes to air pollution, and air pollution
degrades human health. However, the path from transportation to human health costs is anything
but straightforward. Which pollutants are produced in which proportions depend on a number of
factors, including the vehicle and fuel used and the driving conditions of a particular trip. These
emissions are dispersed into the ambient air according to atmospheric conditions, which also
influence the extent to which they react to form secondary pollutants.
The Internet of Things (IoT), sometimes referred to as the Internet of Objects, will change
everything—including ourselves. This may seem like a bold statement, but consider the
impact the Internet already has had on education, communication, business, science,
government, and humanity. Clearly, the Internet is one of the most important and powerful
creations in all of human history.
In the section on ‘Lentiviral Vector’, the generation of high-titre lentiviral vectors
capable of efficiently expressing transgenes over long periods of time is governed by a
number of vector design rules. Chapter thirteen highlights the guiding design
principles and the technical of the successful lentiviral gene vector design. Chapter
fourteen reviews current status of lentiviral vector development, especially the
progress in the lentiviral vector systems allowing the controlling of gene expression.
From 1999–2003, FRONTIERS implemented a Global Agenda program of operations research
(OR) projects to address the reproductive health (RH) needs of adolescents in four countries—
Bangladesh, Kenya, Mexico, and Senegal. The project was implemented in urban areas of Saint-
Louis and Louga, in northwestern Senegal, and was called Improving the Reproductive Health of
Youth in Senegal.
Each router has a full picture of the network topology, including bandwidth information for links to remote networks. Therefore, each router is able to independently select a loop-free and efficient pathway, based on cost, to reach every network in the area.
Drinking and driving: It doesn’t take much alcohol to impair a person’s
ability to drive. The chances of being killed in a single-vehicle crash
are increased at a blood alcohol level that a 140-lb. woman would
reach after having one drink on an empty stomach.
Medication interactions: Alcohol can interact with a wide variety of
medicines, both prescription and over-the-counter. Alcohol can
reduce the effectiveness of some medications, and it can combine
with other medications to cause or increase side effects.
In addition to the traditional FFS Medicare or Medicare
Managed Care (MMC) insurance, many elderly buy supplemental
insurance policies to cover prescription drugs
or catastrophic expenses. These supplemental policies are
known as MediGap plans, because they help fill gaps in
the available health insurance coverage. Some Medicare
beneficiaries are dual eligibles – covered by both Medicare
(health insurance for the aged) and Medicaid (health
insurance for the poor with chronic disabilities or endstage
Despite all the above and whatever impacts technology, global economies and terrorism are
likely to have, there is still the desire amongst international associations to meet, press the flesh
and exchange views which will always remain. According to ICCA the UK’s market share of
the international association congress segment remains stable at around 5.6% and is second
only to the USA.
Qualification requirements are a prime consideration in determining positions covered by the
GS-1146-0 Series. Positions are classifiable to this series when there is a requirement for
incumbents to have a practical knowledge of the various marketing elements, functions and/or
practices, or a knowledge of the requirements of one or more laws, acts or other statutory
provisions relating to the particular program and/or commodity involved. Positions concerned
with marketing activities, but which require incumbents to possess other professional or
specialized knowledge (e.g.
Addiction and recovery have been topics of Hollywood films
and movies of the week and are increasingly integrated into
mainstream television shows through the inclusion of addicted
characters. Now the producers of reality shows have entered
the field with the new American television show Intervention,
on the A&E channel.
This lecture covers the fundamentals of spread spectrum modulation, which can be defined
as any modulation technique that requires a transmission bandwidth much greater than the
modulating signal bandwidth, independently of the bandwidth of the modulating signal. After
reviewing basic digital modulation techniques, the principal forms of spread spectrum modulation
are described. One of the most important components of a spread spectrum system is the
spreading code, and several types and their characteristics are described.
engineered solutions often work against nature, particularly when they aim to constrain regular
ecological cycles, such as annual river flooding and coastal erosion, and could further threaten
ecosystem services if creation of dams, sea walls, and flood canals leads to habitat loss.
A strength is an asset or a resource that can be used to improve a community’s competitive position, such as a natural attraction, historic buildings, or a strong retail base. A weakness is just the opposite, a resource or capability that may cause your community to have a less competitive position, which can adversely affect tourism. For instance, empty commercial space or unattractive vacant buildings are categorized as weaknesses.
On September 1st
, Switzerland announced it was extending a deadline for meeting its
targets for reducing noise from road traffic. A new amendment to a federal ordinance on
noise pollution will give national and local authorities until 2015 to install noise-reduction
barriers along highways and until 2018 to install similar barriers along other major roads.
The barriers were originally due to be in place by March 2002, under the 1986 federal
ordinance. However, only around 30 percent of the roads targeted for remedial
measures had barriers installed by that date.