Indigenous communities

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  • Several years ago the Open University in Heerlen and Maastricht University decided to launch a course on ‘Climate and the Environment’, with a diverse team of authors. Both natural and social scientists, from several regions of the world, contributed to this book. Initially, the book was intended as a textbook within this course for students of Environmental Sciences programmes at the Open University and Maastricht University. As the book developed it became clear that it would be an excellent source to anyone professionally engaged in the wide area of the enhance greenhouse effect....

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  • Available information shows that the nutritional status of Mexican women differs widely within the country, according to geographical regions, urban and rural areas, and income groups. Nutritional deficiencies, anaemia and stunting, for example, are more common in poor women who live in the less-developed regions of the country, in rural and indigenous communities or in marginal urban areas. On the other hand, overweight and obesity currently affect women of all income groups, but rates are higher in the more economically advanced regions and big cities.

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Wertheim cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Indigenous knowledge of medicinal plants used by Saperas community of Khetawas, Jhajjar District, Haryana, India...

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  • Tenure legislation also is often blind or hostile to the traditional claims of indigenous communities and disregards their natural resource management systems and rights. Policies fostering the colonisation of indigenous areas – sometimes to divert pressure for land reform effectively encourage colonists to treat land occupied by indigenous communities as “open-access”. 7 State policies have also had a significant impact on the property regimes governing large- scale grazing lands, and consequently on pastoralists’ livelihoods.

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  • A project on Community Participation for Conservation Success developed by WWF, Xuan Mai Forestry University and FPD used Khe Tran as one of the training sites in buffer zones. It was designed to increase the effectiveness of conservation programs in Vietnam by promoting community participation through community- based environmental education (CBEE). The project, started in 2003, aimed to increase the immediate and long-term capacity of government to incorporate CBEE training into mainstream training institutions.

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  • Health Disparities Across the continent, significant health disparities exist. In Canada, Aboriginal children rank with many children in the developing world on several key indicators, including infant mortality and injury deaths. In Mexico, children living in rural and indigenous communities experience worse health outcomes than those who live in cities. And, in the United States, children of color suffer poorer health on a number of indicators. Children’s health and security demand our attention.

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  • Security is a broadly used term encompassing the characteristics of authentication, integrity, privacy, non- repudiation, and anti-playback. In the case of our sensor network the security requirements are comprised of authentication, integrity, privacy (or confidentiality) and anti-playback. The recipient of a message needs to be able to be unequivocally assured that the message came from its stated source.

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  • This book contains a set of papers presented during the world’s second online climate change conference (Climate 2009) held on 2–6 Nov 2009. The idea of running on-line climate conferences was born in Hamburg in the summer of 2008. With the first on-line climate change conference (titled “Climate 2008”) and the second one titled “Climate 2009” groundbreaking a methodology was established: the execution of climate change conferences which are not – paradoxically – harmful to the climate as conventional conferences are, but ones which are climate-neutral....

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  • Partnerships in Ghana Promote Public-Private Synergy In Ghana, Afro Global Alliance, Ghana Health Service, Ministry of Women and Children Affairs, Stop TB Partnership Ghana and key members of the media joined forces to host a workshop for 32 traditional leaders, chiefs, queen mothers and community leaders, as well as a two-day training seminar on messaging, prevention and care for 40 Community Health Volunteers (CHVs).

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  • There are a number of cases successfully fought by Indigenous groups for protecting their traditional medicinal knowledge. In 1986 an American, Loren Miller, was awarded the patent for the vine banisteriopsis caapi, the bark used to make the ceremonial drink ayauasca. In 1999, the Coordinating Body of Indigenous Organizations of the Amazon Basin, together with the Coalition for Amazonian Peoples and Their Environment successfully challenged the patent.

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  • How is this similar to the cultural appropriation of Native images and practices by the New Age movement? I will use the example of one practice, “the vision quest,” a ritual found in Lakota culture.... When this ritual is brought into New Age context, its meaning and power are altered. The focus shifts to white people’s needs and vision, which in most New Age venues are about individual growth and prosperity. There is no accountability to a community, particularly any Native community.

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  • Sea Lamprey Objectives Reduce sea lamprey abundance to allow the achievement of other fish community objectives. Obtain a 75% reduction in parasitic sea lampreys by the year 2000 and a 90% reduction by the year 2010. Species Diversity Objective Recognize and protect the array of other indigenous fish species because they contribute to the richness of the fish community. These fish – cyprinids, rare ciscoes, suckers, burbot, gar, and sculpins- are important because of their ecological significance; intrinsic value; and social, cultural, and economic benefits.

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  • The Research Centre for Forest Tree Improvement (RCFTI) is a unit within the Forest Science Institute of Vietnam (FSIV) which specialises in tree improvement research and delivery of genetically improved seed and planting stock to meet the planting requirements of the Government of Vietnam (GoV) as well as community and private sector plantation programs. RCFTI carries out an active program of research at stations throughout Vietnam, with its principal research station at Ba Vi.

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  • It is a young and fast-growing industry that continues to evolve and expand both financially and geographically. This industry’s vast market includes devout Muslims in indigenous Muslim societies as well as in Muslim minorities of non-Muslim countries. Furthermore, it offers a broad appeal beyond its traditional Muslim base: non-Muslim individuals and communities that seek ethical financial solutions have also been attracted to Islamic banking. The first modern Islamic financial institutions emerged in the 1960s and 1970s.

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  • The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment was carried out between 2001 and 2005 to assess the consequences of ecosystem change for human well-being and to establish the scientific basis for actions needed to enhance the conservation and sustainable use of ecosystems and their contributions to human well-being.

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  • A vast proliferation of information is currently being produced in attempts to improve patient education and access to care in underserved communities. Health educators, providers, and institutions produce materials in various print, audio and video formats, in common and lesser- known languages of immigrants, refugees and ethnic minority communities. Information tailored to African Americans, indigenous tribes, LGBT communities, people with limited literacy, and other distinctive populations is becoming easier to find.

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  • Virtually every action, message, and decision of a military force shapes the opinions of an indigenous population: strategic communication, treatment of civilians at vehicle checkpoints, and the accuracy or inaccuracy of aerial bombardment. Themes of U.S. goodwill mean little if its actions convey otherwise.

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  • implement a comprehensive package of interventions to meet the needs of vulnerable populations. Each country should identify populations vulnerable to HIV or underserved by current HIV programmes in both generalized and concentrated epidemics. The needs of young people and women should explicitly be addressed in national HIV responses. Particular attention should be given to expanding comprehensive combination HIV prevention programmes in communities with generalized epidemics.

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  • In the case studies, lack of institutional capacity and non-transparent processes that did not involve local consultation led to overlapping land claims, conflict, and negative outcomes for local communities. Weak land governance creates challenges to reigning in opportunistic behavior by elites, e.g. by ensuring proper consultation with local and indigenous populations and makes it difficult to appreciate the true value of a piece of land. In many cases this appears to have resulted in land being transferred at implicit values that were well below its opportunity cost.

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  • Only recently have Indigenous Peoples in North America begun to revitalize traditions openly and without fear of persecution. We must remember that it is only since the 1970s that legal bans on healing/religious ceremonies such as the Sundance have been lifted. This Indigenous literature is often found outside of academia and within Native organizations and their resource libraries, research reports (founded either by government or community bodies) and Web sites such as American Indian Physicians Association, the World Health Organization and Pan American Health Organization.

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