Within the practice of traditional medicine and healers, Elders are practitioners, often
serving as “psychologists, spiritual leaders or counsellors” who are parts of a living,
evolving belief system. Amongst Indigenous societies, multiple components are not fixed
or static. It would be safe to suggest the concepts are evolving, while the characteristics
remain steeped in cultural principles, values and beliefs. The goal of medicine, and the role
of the healers and Elders, are to care for the mind, body and spirit of the people. The needs
of the people have changed over time.