Individual cognitive

Xem 1-20 trên 64 kết quả Individual cognitive
  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Correction: Sports participation, perceived neighborhood safety, and individual cognitions: how do they interact?

    pdf3p coxanh_8 05-11-2011 9 1   Download

  • Current models of story comprehension have three major deficiencies: (1) lack of experimental support for the inference processes they involve (e.g. reliance on prediction); (2) indifference to 'kinds' of coherence (e.g. local and global); and (3) inability to find interpretations at variable depths. I propose that comprehension is driven by the need to find a representation that reaches a 'coherence threshold'. Variable inference processes are a reflection of different thresholds, and the skepticism of an individual inference process determines how thresholds are reached. ...

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  • If one asks what neuroscience is, the answer can be found in this book. Neuroscience embraces not only anatomical and physiological studies but also cell biology, computer science, and biochemistry. Equally important for neuroscientific research are other disciplines, such as psychology, psychiatry, neurology and additional recent ones, such as neuroeconomics and social neuroscience. This book comprises chapters on diverse topics in neuroscience ranging from cellular, computational, cognitive, and clinical neuroscience.

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  • In recent years, there has been growing interest in emotion regulation processes within different areas of psychology. This interest has been sparked both by the development of new theoretical models of emotion regulation processes and by the growing realization that poor or inappropriate regula- tion of emotions often constitutes a core component of common individual and interpersonal problems.

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  • This book help develop your understanding of and skills in academic argument and thinking, statistical terms and research ethics, multiple choice questions on each chapter to help test your learning, additional essay questions to give you practice at exam-style questions, advanced Reading section containing a variety of current research papers that enable you to key into current issues and gain ideas for your independent projects.

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  • Gaps in knowledge were detected in the course of this review. These are summarized in the following section, which also suggests directions for further investigation. Further study and regular dietary monitoring are needed in order to know more about food consumption habits in seniors. These investigations must be adapted to the reality of targeted aging populations using precise measurements, diverse approaches, appropriate methods and accurate dietary assessment tools to reflect the great heterogeneity typical of older populations.

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  • Given that thinking steps have been shown to be modestly correlated with the efficiency of working memory (measured by digit span; see Devetag and Warglien, 2003) and aging may reduce working memory or, potentially, some other cognitive process related to strategic reasoning, these changes could lead older subjects to use lower values of n, and to choose higher numbers than younger subjects.

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  • One morning, long ago, John woke up and decided he wanted to write a book on theories and techniques in counseling and psychotherapy. He thought, “Of all the classes I teach, I love teaching theories and techniques best, so I should write a textbook.” John then began using a cognitive self-instructional problem-solving strategy (see Chapter 8). He identified the problems associated with existing theories and techniques textbooks and formulated possible solutions.

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  • To better understand the international perspective of public policies for the elderly, in line with the parameters that serve as tendencies for national policies, one must contextualize international health conferences that had health promotion as their central topic. Since the Declaration of Alma-Ata, in 1978(5), it has been noted that measures and characteristics of health promotion imply a search for healthier life styles and active aging. Health promotion is seen as a process of community qualification, aiming to improve life and health conditions.

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  • Potential negative consequences of early identification of cognitive impairment clearly exist. Labelling an individual as demented may affect his or her ability to obtain life or health insurance, and may influence attitudes towards the individual by health care professionals and others. The label of Alzheimer’s disease may cause prejudice and difficulty in gaining admission to some long-term facilities.

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  • The relationship of neuropathologic changes to the clinical status of people with dementia is of paramount importance in devising appropriate therapeutic interventions.

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  • Given the variation in credit scoring methodologies, raw credit scores possess no intrinsic meaning, and comparing raw scores across companies is of limited value. Normalized or “standardized” results afford more meaningful comparisons. Averaged across all companies, the spread in standardized scores between “no minority” and “all minority”2 ZIP Codes was 38.9 percentiles—a very considerable gap.

    pdf36p enterroi 01-02-2013 22 5   Download

  • Having explored and mapped our planet's land masses, vast oceans and the space surrounding it, science is turning inward to the challenging and controversial mapping of the human genome, a collection of genes forming DNA. Each of our genes is a single instruction for the make-up of an individual being. The more we learn, the more we discover to explore - and the more controversy we release in the process.

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  • This chapter provides an overview of the classical measures of risk- adjusted portfolio performance. We first describe the general logic that lies behind all of the measures, and then define the individual mea- sures. We then discuss the theoretical properties of the measures in more detail. Finally, we look at empirical estimation of the measures on actual managed portfolios, and review the empirical evidence based on the classical measures. The main idea in most of the classical measures of investment perfor- mance is quite simple.

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  • Among those above age 70, the average number of diseases that each person reports has increased in recent years (17). This increase is because people have survived a number of diseases that once would have been fatal, and they have lived to acquire additional conditions, both potentially fatal and nonfatal, such as arthritis. Thus, older people have more diseases, but less disability, than in the past.

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  • The use of individuals’ credit histories to predict the risk of future loss has become a common practice among automobile and homeowners insurers. The practice has proven to be controversial not only because of concerns about how reliably credit scores may predict risk. Many industry professionals, policymakers, and consumer groups have expressed concern that the practice may pose a significant barrier to economically vulnerable segments of the population in obtaining affordable automobile and homeowners coverage.

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  • That cognition is situated implies that it is context-dependent. The claim that cognition is context-dependent is not controversial per se. Context can influence thought processes in a number of ways, accidentally or systemati- cally, without in any way being essential to or constitutive of these processes. However, TSC champions a strong notion of context-dependence, to the effect that individual cognitive processes and states of the mind involve entities in the agent’s surroundings essentially and actively (Clancey 1991).

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  • Haugeland (1998) eloquently describes the relation between mind and world as one of intimacy, a ‘commingling’ or ‘integralness’ of mind, body, and world. Cognition depends as much on aspects of the agent’s environment as on the agent’s inherent properties. Because it is the joint effect of these properties that control cognition, their contributions to individual cognitive processes cannot be considered one by one.

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  • A practical agent programming language discusses the need for an eective and practical bdi based agent oriented programming language. It proposes an alternative by presenting the syn tax and semantics of a programming language, called 2apl (a practical agent programming language). This programming language facilitates the implementation of multi agent systems consisting of individual cognitive agents.

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  • Although a substantial proportion of individuals over age 50 have reduced ability to absorb naturally occurring vitamin B12, they are able to absorb the crystalline form. Thus, all individuals over the age of 50 should be encour­ aged to meet their Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) (2.4 µg/day) for vitamin B12 by eating foods fortified with vitamin B12 such as fortified cereals, or by taking the crystalline form of vitamin B12 supplements.

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