Induced surface

Xem 1-20 trên 41 kết quả Induced surface
  • A complete and permanent hydrophilic modification of poly (ethyleneterephthalate) (PET) films is achieved by argon-plasma irradiation, subsequently grafting acrylic acid (AA) in vapor phase onto their surface. Both Ar plasma irradiation alone and post grafting AA rendered a complete hydrophilicity to PET surfaces. However, the hydrophilicity of the PET surface, only treated with the Ar plasma, is not permanent. In contrast, PET films, irradiated by the Ar plasma, exposed to air, and subsequently grafted with AA monomer, are permanently hydrophilic.

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  • A complete and permanent hydrophilic modification of poly (ethyleneterephthalate) (PET) films is achieved by argon-plasma irradiation, subsequently grafting acrylic acid (AA) in vapor phase onto their surface. Both Ar plasma irradiation alone and post grafting AA rendered a complete hydrophilicity to PET surfaces. However, the hydrophilicity of the PET surface, only treated with the Ar plasma, is not permanent. In contrast, PET films, irradiated by the Ar plasma, exposed to air, and subsequently grafted with AA monomer, are permanently hydrophilic.

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  • Carbon-based nanoparticles and nanostructures, such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs), have drawn great attention in both academia and industry due to their wide potential applica‐ tions. Owing to their well-defined one-dimensional (1D) interior, CNTs serve as desirable materials for encapsulating molecules, such as water [1-4], ionic liquid [5], drug molecules [6], and biomolecules [7].

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  • Shiga toxin can be internalized by clathrin-dependent endocytosis in differ-ent cell lines, although it binds specifically to the glycosphingolipid Gb3. It has been demonstrated previously that the toxin can induce recruitment of the toxin–receptor complex to clathrin-coated pits, but whether this process is concentration-dependent or which part of the toxin molecule is involved in this process, have so far been unresolved issues.

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  • The present science book "Application of Solar Energy" is edited by Professor R. D. Rugescu in the series on Solar Power and consists of 7 chapters that begin with the proof of the high thermal efficiency of the gravitational draught through concentrated solar heating. It continues with novel technologies of producing organic fuels through solar heating, new types of photovoltaic cells, long term use of thermal solar power plants, the efficiency of thermal storage and applications in Niger of the Solar power.

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  • Ion implantation represents a particularly useful means by which to modify the surface properties of a variety of materials. This prosaic statement, however, does not convey the depth of basic understanding which has been developed to fully utilize the advantages of ion implantation. The interaction of a host lattice with the energetic beams produces metastable states and structures which cannot be achieved by other means. However, ion implantation also requires an understanding of the fundamental physics and chemistry that dictate the interaction of the ion beam and the target.

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  • During dry seasons when the surface water disappears and the vegetation dries up, camels have to be watered from subterranean sources such as man made water holes, old wells etc. In highly arid areas as in Eastern Africa, watering camels in dry season is a very time consuming and arduous job since water has to be lifted bucket by bucket from several metres deep wells.

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Unusual magneto-optical behavior induced by local dielectric variations under localized surface plasmon excitations

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  • Leading mining companies have taken up the chal- lenge and are pushing beyond minimum legal requirements through voluntary initiatives, to ensure their continued “license-to-operate” from the com- munity as well as increasing their competitive advantage through continuous, voluntary improve- ments in environmental performance. As with all mining activities, the extraction and bene- ficiation of phosphate rock and potash to produce mineral fertilizer raw material has the potential to cause environmental impacts.

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  • In the last two decades, many books have been published on ion implantation and ion-beam processing. Why this one now? After all, the advantages of using an energetic ion beam to modify surfaces with a view to enhancing their tribological, electrochemical, optical and magnetic properties have been known for some time. The aim of this volume is to review the basics of previous work on ion-beam modification of materials and to include enough new material on novel applications to bring newcomers “up to speed” in this exciting area....

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  • The West Pearl Queen reservoir project also used soil gas surveys to detect PFC tracers that were injected into the reservoir with the CO2. Soil gas sampling was conducted before and after the CO2 injection by using capillary tubes and adsorbent packets for the tracers. Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) supplied the tracers and performed the tracer concentration analysis (Wells et al., 2007). Near-Surface Geophysics – The use of magnetometers is another possible near-surface geophysical technique.

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học 'Respiratory Research cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài:"" Particles induce apical plasma membrane enlargement in epithelial lung cell line depending on particle surface area dose...

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học 'Respiratory Research cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: The crucial role of particle surface reactivity in respirable quartz-induced reactive oxygen/nitrogen species ...

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  • It is essential to subculture the cells once cultured cells reach confluence. For this, trypsin is frequently applied to dissociate adhesive cells from the substratum. However, due to the proteolytic activity of trypsin, cell surface proteins are often cleaved, which leads to dysregulation of the cell functions. Methods: In this study, a triplicate 2D-DIGE strategy has been performed to monitor trypsin-induced proteome alterations. The differentially expressed spots were identified by MALDI-TOF MS and validated by...

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  • The transcription factor p63 plays a pivotal role in the development and maintenance of epithelial tissues, including the ocular surface. In an effort to gain insight into the pathogenesis of keratitis caused by HSV-1, we determined the expression patterns of the p63 and Bax proteins in the Staatens Seruminstitute Rabbit Cornea cell line (SIRC). Methods: SIRC cells were infected with HSV-1 at various multiplicities and maintained for different periods of time. Virus replication was measured by indirect immunofluorescence assay and Western blot analysis.

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  • Bacterial infections at epithelial surfaces, such as those that line the gut and the lung, stimulate the migration of neutrophils through the co-ordi-nated actions of chemoattractants secreted from pathogen-stimulated epi-thelial cells. One such factor involved in attracting polymorphonuclear leukocytes across the epithelium and into the lumen has until recently remained elusive.

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  • Protein oligomeric complexes have emerged as a major target of current research because of their key role in aggregation processes in living systems andin vitro. Hydrophobic and charged surfaces may favour the self-assembly process by recruiting proteins and modifying their interactions. We found that equine lysozyme assembles into multimeric complexes with oleic acid (ELOA) at the solid–liquid interface within an ion-exchange chromatography column preconditioned with oleic acid.

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  • The merozoite surface protein-1 represents a prime candi-date for development of a malaria vaccine. Merozoite sur-face protein-1 has been shown to demonstrate high-activity peptide binding to human red blood cells. One of the high-activity binding peptides, named 5501, located in the N-terminus (amino acid sequence MLNISQHQCVKKQ CPQNS) of the 19-kDa molecular mass fragment of mero-zoite surface protein-1, is conserved, nonimmunogenic and nonprotective.

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  • We previously purified and characterized a peptide toxin, birtoxin, from the South African scorpion Parabuthus transvaalicus. Birtoxin is a 58-residue, long chain neurotoxin that has a unique three disulfide-bridged structure. Here we report the isolation and characterization of ikitoxin, a pep-tide toxin with a single residue difference, and a markedly reducedbiological activity, frombirtoxin. Bioassays onmice showed that high doses of ikitoxin induce unprovoked jumps, whereas birtoxin induces jumps at a 1000-fold lower concentration. ...

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  • Vibrio choleraehemolysin (HlyA), a water-soluble protein with a native monomeric relative molecular mass of 65 000, forms transmembrane pentameric channels in target bio-membranes.TheHlyAbinds to lipid vesicles nonspecifically and without saturation; however, self-assembly is triggered specifically by cholesterol.Here we show that the HlyA partitioned quantitatively to amphiphilic media irrespective of their compositions, indicating that the toxin had an amphiphilic surface.

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