Robotics is the applied science of motion control for multi-axis manipulators and is a large
subset of the field of "mechatronics" (Mechanical, Electronic and Software engineering for
product or systems development, particularly for motion control applications). Mechatronics
is a more general term that includes robotic arms, positioning systems, sensors and machines
that are controlled by electronics and/or software, such as automated machinery, mobile robots
and even your computer controlled washing machine and DVD movie player....
Industrial robots are currently employed in a large number of applications and are available
with a wide range of configurations, drive systems, physical sizes and payloads. However,
the numbers in service throughout the world are much less than predicted over twenty
years ago (Engelberger 1980). This is despite major technological advances in related areas
of computing and electronics, and the availability of fast, reliable and low-cost
microprocessors and memory. This situation is mainly a result of historical and economic
circumstances, rather than technical considerations.
Since the introduction of the first industrial robot UNIMATE in a General Motors automobile
factory in New Jersey in 1961, robots have gained stronger and stronger foothold in the
industry. In the meantime, robotics research has been expanding from fix based robots to
mobile robots at a stunning pace. There have been significant milestones that are worth noting
in recent decades.
This book covers a wide range of topics relating to advanced industrial robotics, sensors and automation technologies. Although being highly technical and complex in nature, the papers presented in this book represent some of the latest cutting edge technologies and advancements in industrial robotics technology.
In this book for the optimisation of assembly conveyor lines we are dealing with series part production featured by a medium complexity degree and a medium number of individual components and assembly technique alternatives. Modern production techniques for medium to large series products or mass production usually involve assembly conveyor lines. They still use hand labour more or less automated. The aim is to have monotonous and similar in type operations or such causing fatigue, stress and production traumas, gradually replaced by automated assembly cycles, means and techniques.