Waste water from industrial sites amounts to one third of total waste water discharged into To Lich river, and may have serious effects on the river water quality. With the total amount waste water of factories (Hanoi beer alcohol and beverage joint stock corporation (HABECO), Trang An JSC and Thuong Dinh industrial park) of 45,000 m3/day, these factories accounts for more than a half of total industrial waste water released into To Lich river. The analytic results of water samples taken from To Lich river show that the parameters of DO, COD, BOD5, TSS, NH4+, NO2- and coliform...
The generation of wastes as a result of human activities has been continuously speeding up since the beginning of the industrial revolution. Hence, both optimized waste water treatment technologies and modern tools to assess the effects of pollution sources are necessary to prevent the contamination of aquatic ecosystems The book offers an interdisciplinary collection of topics concerning waste water treatment technologies, water quality monitoring and evaluation of waste water impact on natural environments.
The detection of pharmaceutical residues remained elusive until instruments such as liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry became commonplace in environmental laboratories. The documentation of the occurrence of pharmaceutical residues and endocrine disrupting chemicals in water resources has raused questions about their long-term effects in the ecosystem and their potential effects on human health.
There are two main reasons why the chemical process industry should be motivated
to reduce energy consumption and CO 2 emissions: rising concerns in companies,
the public and scientifi c community about climate change or global
warming, and the increasing fraction of energy in manufacturing costs.
‘ Climate change ’  in this context, means a change of climate, which is attributed
directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the
global atmosphere and which is in addition to natural climate variability observed
over comparable time periods....
The steady increase in industrialization, urbanization and enormous population
growth are leading to production of huge quantities of wastewaters that may frequently
cause environmental hazards. Raw or treated waste water is very oft en discharged
to freshwaters and results in changing ecological performance and biological diversity
of these systems. About 70% of water supplied ends up as wastewater and several natural
water reservoirs are being contaminated by untreated sewage/industrial effl uents.
This makes waste water treatment and waste water reduction very important issues....
I have literally handled hundreds of customer calls which ranged through a wide gamut of difficulties and applications challenges. A great majority of these calls could have been avoided had the end user read just the first section of Mr. Broadwell's book'its appeal will span the gamut between the researcher and designing engineer to the actual day to day operator.
How are pollutants transformed after their release into the environment? How are organisms exposed, and how do physiological alterations impact population dynamics and community structure? What direct or indirect impacts occur? As early as the 50s and 60s people living near industrial plants began to recognize undesirable changes in their environment - and to ask these very questions. The discipline of environmental toxicology addresses these questions.
The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this book are entirely those of the authors
and should not be attributed in any manner to the World Bank, to its affiliated organizations, or to
members of its Board of Executive Directors or the countries they represent. The World Bank does
not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this publication and accepts no responsibility for
any consequence of their use.
Non-point source controls washed off fields is the largest source of agricultural pollution in
the United States. Farmers may utilize to reduce runoff flows and retain soil on their fields. Common
techniques include contour plowing, crop mulching, crop rotation, planting perennial crops and
installing riparian buffers.
Nutrients nitrogen and phosphorus are typically applied to farmland as commercial fertilizer;
animal manure; or spraying of municipal or industrial waste water (effluent) or sludge.
As the global population grows and many developing countries modernize, the
importance of water supply and water treatment becomes a much greater factor
in the welfare of nations. In similar fashion, the need to address both domestic
and industrial wastes generated by these nations moves higher on the scale of
importance. Clearly, in today’s world the competition for water resources coupled
with the unfortunate commingling of wastewater discharges with freshwater
supplies creates additional pressure on treatment systems....
A compilation of the most important aerosol chemical processes involved in known scientific and technological disciplines, Aerosol Chemical Processes in the Environment serves as a handbook for aerosol chemistry. Aerosol science is interdisciplinary, interfacing with many environmental, biological and technological research fields. Aerosols and aerosol research play an important role in both basic and applied scientific and technological fields. Interdisciplinary cooperation is useful and necessary.
The specific problems associated with concrete and concreting in hot
environments have been recognised for some decades. This recognition has
manifested itself over the years at a few symposia and in hundreds of papers
where relevant research results and field observations were presented and
discussed. In other publications the practical conclusions from these available
data and experiences have been summarised in the form of guidelines for hot
Many have endeavored to make our outdoor environment cleaner and safer. The learning
process that occurred showed us the limitations of our planet and also the sustainability
of our ecosystem if given a chance. As a community, we learned about the water, the soil,
and the air. We learned about the underground river that flowed to the surface lake. We
learned about air currents that transported airstreams around our globe. We discovered the
reality of plate tectonics and the ever-changing hydrogeological system.
Integrating ecotoxicological concepts across a range of hierarchical levels, Ecotoxicology: A Comprehensive Treatmentfocuses on the paradigms and fundamental themes of ecotoxicology while providing the detail and practical application of concepts often found in more specialized books.
Balances Scientific and Economic Points of View to Thoroughly Address Management Issues
Responding to the need for clarification and benchmarks, Environmental Life Cycle Costing provides the fundamental basis on which to establish a definitive methodology. Clearly defining environmental LCC, this book balances scientific and economic points of view and thoroughly addresses the management perspective.
The organisation of sewers and systems is closely related to the different types of industry and, as a result, a whole array of configurations exist. In all cases, it is essential to avoid unnecessary dilution during treatment.
See what's new in the Second Edition: · Number of species included is increased from 6300 to over 8700, about 85% of the world's birds · Better data for many of the species included in the first edition - an exhaustive compilation of new data published from 1992 through 2007 · More comprehensive coverage of Latin America, Japan, Taiwan, Southeast Asia, and more coverage of research published in non-English language journals In 1992 the CRC Handbook of Avian Body Massesbroke new ground by providing a compilation of body masses for 6300 species, about two-thirds of the world's species.
Metabolism of pesticides denotes that any foreign substance that enters in the living
system and how it will be changed into non-toxic and thrown out due to the
enzymatic activity and other mode of action. When chemical toxins applied to nonliving
substance (soil and water) that will lose the toxic principles by degradation
process due to the action of biotic and abiotic factors. The time to nullify the toxicity is
of prime importance and it vary depending upon the chemical molecule and