Due to the increase in world population (more than seven billion inhabitants) the global food industry has the largest number of demanding and knowledgeable consumers. This population requires food products that fulfill the high quality standards established by the food industry organizations. Food shortages threaten human health, and also the disastrous extreme climatic events make food shortages even worse. This collection of articles is a timely contribution to issues relating to the food industry.
Working on operational performance improvement projects in chemical
industry gave me the opportunity to experience first hand the challenges
this industry is faced with due to changes of the competitive landscape and
the shift of demand growth to the developing regions of the world. Ad-
dressing these challenges requires not only an operational but also a strate-
gic response. The production (network) strategy is at the heart of the prob-
lem for many companies.
Policy suggestions for the initial development of VietNam’s gas industry aims to discuss policy choices for the development of Vietnam’s gas industry. These policies must meet a number of criteria to be suitable for Vietnam, an emerging market which seeks to attract investment.
Berkhout (2005) argues that the source of pressures on each corner of the Innovation
Triangle differs. Pressure on abatement tends to come from the environmental authori-
ties; pressures on process changes come from competitors and customers; whereas pres-
sures on products come from consumers and pressure groups. Moreover, changes in one
corner of the Innovation Triangle affect changes in both other corners through dynamic
interlinkages (depicted by the arrows in Fig. 2).
This paper examines the pollution control policies applied in China’s paper industry during the period of economic reform from 1982 to 1992. The paper industry is the source of ten percent of China’s industrial wastewater emissions and one fourth of its chemical oxygen demand. It is the largest source of rural environmental pollution. The very small size of china’s mills is comparable to that of papermills in many developing countries and this small size itself creates an interesting problem.
Rice area of the Mekong Delta (MD) has decreased in recent years, especially the shift from rice land
into land for industrial parks and saline land due to sea level rise and effects of climate change. In
addition, the rate of population growth also requires increasingly high demand for rice in the region. By
using the model, results showed that the population of the Mekong Delta will be at 26,956.5 thousand
The expansion and popularity of the Internet, along with the addition of wireless data functionality to wireless networks, has also contributed greatly to the growth of the wireless industry. In fact, the anticipated consumer demand for high bandwidth wireless data is commonly seen as the driving force behind current network upgrades and expansions. The number and types of companies aggressively investing in wireless technologies illustrate the importance of wireless data.
The automobile industry is a fast developing industry. From
the later 18th century, when the first automobile was put on
road, this industry has developed tremendously. Now there
are thousands of factories all over the world manufacturing
numerous type of automobile. The automobile engines are
also being used in engine powered machines for agriculture,
construction and manufacturing processes. Various types of
small engines are also being used in lawn movers, power
saws, snow removers and similar equipments.
The solutions as presented generally just provide a guidance to solving the problems, rather than step by step manipulation, and leave much to the students to work out for themselves, of whom much is demanded of the basic knowledge in physics. Thus the series would provide an invaluable complement to the textbooks. The present volume for Mechanics which consists of three parts Newtonian Mechanics, Analytical Mechanics, and Special Relativity contains 410 problems.
Part 1 introduces business consulting and describes a new way of
looking at how it works: the business consulting ecosystem.
Parts 2 and 3 focus on what happens within the ecosystem, looking
internally at the client market, the consulting industry and other components.
Part 2 describes the client world. It looks at the client market for
consulting: What drives the demand for consulting?
The telecom industry is on the rebound and the demand for more and newer wireless services is ever increasing. To meet these market demands, wireless providers have to deploy advanced radio access networks to enhance the mobile communications infrastructure. This forward-looking book delivers a comprehensive overview of the evolution of mobile radio access networks, focusing on high-level architectural issues that engineers and managers need to understand.
With the vast and ever increasing demands made upon materials which are the products of cultivated fields, for food, for apparel, for furnishings and for cordage, better soil management must grow more important as populations multiply.
The shifting market trends posed a significant challenge to De Beers’ preeminent position. Throughout the
1990s, the company’s inventories increased while its sales remained flat.
To address this issue De Beers chose a transformational strategy: instead of maintaining its long-standing
role as steward of the entire industry, it would become a leader in driving consumer demand.
One of the key elements of that transformation was a program called Supplier of Choice. Launched in 2003,
the program aimed to shift some of the responsibility for marketing to other players in the industry.
We nd that these variables prove
valuable in selecting funds with superior performance in Europe, which indicates their ability to
locate skilled managers. Interestingly, we nd that some additional variables, such as growth in
industrial production, in
ation, and a proxy for stock market volatility, are also useful in identifying
funds with superior future alphas.
Senator Long undoubtedly understood that once a provision is in the tax
code, it is likely to remain. Indeed, the EITC remained in the tax code each
subsequent year until it was made permanent in 1978. Legislation in 1978
also added a ﬂat range to the EITC’s phase-in and phaseout ranges, as
shown in ﬁgure 3.1.
An “advance payment” option was also added to the
credit in 1978, so that workers would be able, if they desired, to receive the
credit incrementally throughout the year.
Spending on the safety net slowed in the late 1970s and shrank in the
Third, the demand for medical goods has increased. Consumer expenditure on these goods
more than doubled between 1982 and 1986 and by 1990 had reached nearly seven times the
1982 level. Hospital and general practitioner fees are paid by the state in China, so this
growth in consumer spending suggests that the people are paying increased attention to their
health, and have begun to buy expensive health-related products.
As a result of higher incomes, dramatic changes in the Chinese lifestyle are occurring.
Hence, there is an imperative need to re-engineer Pakistan’s dairy industry; both at farm and processor
level. This paper seeks to investigate the tools that could bring about such change. We believe achieving
the strategic change outlined in this paper for the dairy industry may prove challenging for at least some
With an annual human population growth rate of 2.4%, the present 77.4 million
Ethiopia’s human population will increase to about 149.3 million by the year 2040 (FAO
2005). The rural to urban ratio will also continue to change and is expected to increase
in favour of urban population in the coming 25 years. The current rural and urban
distribution of 84.7% and 15.3% will gradually reach 80.1% and 19.9% by the year
2020 (CSA 2008). Vulnerable age groups (up to 14 years) will account for 34% of the
The loss of manure is a subject which demands most serious attention. Until within a few years, little was known about the true character of manures, and consequently, of the importance of protecting them against loss.
The first causes of waste are evaporation and leaching.
EVAPORATION. Name a solid body which evaporates. What takes place when a dead animal is exposed to the atmosphere for a sufficient time?
What often assist the evaporation of solids? Evaporation is the changing of a solid or liquid body to a vapory form.