Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học quốc tế cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: "Characterization of HIV-1 subtype C envelope glycoproteins from perinatally infected children with different courses of disease...
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Impact of the Kenya post-election crisis on clinic attendance and medication adherence for HIV-infected children in western Kenya...
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về hóa học được đăng trên tạp chí sinh học đề tài : Effect of multiple micronutrient supplementation on survival of HIV-infected children in Uganda: a randomized, controlled trial
together we must make a decisive move, now, to improve the health of women and children around the
world. we know what works. we have achieved excellent progress in a short time in some countries.
the answers lie in building our collective resolve to ensure universal access to essential health services
and proven, life-saving interventions as we work to strengthen health systems. these range from family
planning and making childbirth safe, to increasing access to vaccines and treatment for hIV and aIds,
malaria, tuberculosis, pneumonia and other neglected diseases.
During the past decade there has been enormous progress in our understanding
of the phenomenology, neurobiology, and treatment of children
and adolescents with bipolar disorder. In particular, the number of controlled
treatment studies of mania in children and adolescents is rapidly increasing,
thereby greatly improving our understanding of effective treatment
options for bipolar disorder in youth.
No official statistics are available for children suffering from school
phobia in the UK. However, according to Anxiety Care (see Useful
Contacts) the number of children who dislike school, and avoid it
whenever possible, is probably more than five per cent of the school age
population; but less than one per cent could be genuinely called school
phobic. The Royal College of Psychiatrists suggests that between five
and ten per cent of children and young people have anxiety problems
bad enough to affect their ability to live a normal life....
Typhlitis Typhlitis (also referred to as necrotizing colitis, neutropenic colitis, necrotizing enteropathy, ileocecal syndrome, and cecitis) is a clinical syndrome of fever and right-lower-quadrant tenderness in an immunosuppressed host. This syndrome is classically seen in neutropenic patients after chemotherapy with cytotoxic drugs.
Local extension causing empyema is very uncommon, and—as might be inferred from the low rate of bacteremia—metastatic complications of M. catarrhalis pneumonia, such as septic arthritis, are exceedingly rare. As of 1995, 58 cases of bacteremic infection due to M. catarrhalis had been reported, mainly in children 60 years old; most of these patients had severe underlying lung disease and/or were immunocompromised. The syndromes reported have included bacteremia with no apparent focus, pneumonia, endocarditis, and meningitis.
Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 130. Streptococcal and Enterococcal Infections
Streptococcal and Enterococcal Infections: Introduction
Many varieties of streptococci are found as part of the normal flora colonizing the human respiratory, gastrointestinal, and genitourinary tracts. Several species are important causes of human disease. Group A Streptococcus (GAS, S.
Vaccination (See also Chap. 116) The development of conjugate vaccines that prevent invasive infections with Hib in infants and children has been a dramatic success. Three such vaccines are licensed in the United States. In addition to eliciting protective antibody, these vaccines prevent disease by reducing rates of pharyngeal colonization with Hib.
The widespread use of conjugate vaccines has dramatically reduced the incidence of Hib disease in developed countries. Even though the manufacture of Hib vaccines is costly, vaccination is cost-effective.
Kingella kingae Because of improved microbiologic methodology, isolation of K. kingae is increasingly common. Inoculation of clinical specimens (e.g., synovial fluid) into aerobic blood culture bottles enhances recovery of this organism. In recent series, K. kingae has been the third most common cause of septic arthritis in children
Objective of the projec: identify several risk factors related to acute lower
respiratory infectionsa; evaluate effectiveness of interventional measures for acute respiratory infections in the community.
Acute Sinusitis: Treatment
Most patients with a diagnosis of acute rhinosinusitis based on clinical grounds improve without antibiotic therapy. The preferred initial approach in patients with mild to moderate symptoms of short duration is therapy aimed at facilitating sinus drainage, such as oral and topical decongestants, nasal saline lavage, and—in patients with a history of chronic sinusitis or allergies—nasal glucocorticoids.
Serous Otitis Media In serous otitis media (otitis media with effusion), fluid is present in the middle ear for an extended period and in the absence of signs and symptoms of infection. In general, acute effusions are self-limited; most resolve in 2–4 weeks. In some cases, however (in particular after an episode of acute otitis media), effusions can persist for months. These chronic effusions are often associated with a significant hearing loss in the affected ear.
In the United States, the attack rate for sporadic meningococcal disease is ~1 case per 100,000 persons per year. Disease attack rates are highest among infants 3–9 months of age (10–15 cases per 100,000 infants per year). Attack rates are higher among children than among adults, and there is a second peak of incidence among teenagers, in whom outbreaks have often been tied to residence in barracks, dormitories, or other crowded conditions.
Patients with meningococcal meningitis may develop cranial nerve palsies, cortical venous thrombophlebitis, and cerebral edema. Children may develop subdural effusions. Permanent sequelae can include mental retardation, deafness, and hemiparesis. The major long-term morbidity of fulminant meningococcemia is the loss of skin, limbs, or digits that results from ischemic necrosis and infarction.
Diagnosis Few clinical clues help the physician distinguish the patient with early meningococcal disease from patients with other acute systemic infections. ...
Pharyngitis Although seen in patients of all ages, GAS pharyngitis is one of the most common bacterial infections of childhood, accounting for 20–40% of all cases of exudative pharyngitis in children; it is rare among those under the age of 3. Younger children may manifest streptococcal infection with a syndrome of fever, malaise, and lymphadenopathy without exudative pharyngitis. Infection is acquired through contact with another individual carrying the organism.