From HIV to influenza, the battle between infectious agents and the immune system is at the heart of disease. Knowledge of how and why parasites vary to escape recognition by the immune system is central to vaccine design, the control of epidemics, and our fundamental understanding of parasite ecology and evolution. As the first comprehensive synthesis of parasite variation at the molecular, population, and evolutionary levels, this book is essential reading for students and researchers throughout biology and biomedicine....
The Immune Response
Innate Immunity As they have co-evolved with microbes, higher organisms have developed mechanisms for recognizing and responding to microorganisms. Many of these mechanisms, referred to together as innate immunity, are evolutionarily ancient, having been conserved from insects to humans. In general, innate immune mechanisms exploit molecular patterns found specifically in pathogenic microorganisms. These "pathogen signatures" are recognized by host molecules that either directly interfere with the pathogen or initiate a response that does so.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học General Psychiatry cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Investigation of infectious agents associated with arthritis by reverse transcription PCR of bacterial rRNA...
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học quốc tế cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: "Antigen-presenting particle technology using inactivated surface-engineered viruses: induction of immune responses against infectious agents...
Infectious diseases continue to represent a major diagnostic and therapeutic challenge in the
critical care unit. Infectious diseases maintain their preeminence in the critical care unit setting
because of their frequency and importance in the critical unit patient population.
Since the first edition of Infectious Diseases in Critical Care Medicine, there have been newly
described infectious diseases to be considered in differential diagnosis, and new antimicrobial
agents have been added to the therapeutic armamentarium.
As a scientist who has worked for more than 40 years to find cures for infectious
disease, I find the idea that terrorists would use biological agents as a
weapon to be anathema. It violates the fundamental values of the life sciences that
I and my colleagues hold dear: that science is a vital tool for improving life and
the health of our planet and enhancing our understanding of the natural world.
My own work has focused on cholera, a disease responsible for the death
of thousands of people around the world every year.
Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 113. Introduction to Infectious Diseases: Host–Pathogen Interactions
Host–Pathogen Interactions: Introduction
Despite decades of dramatic progress in their treatment and prevention, infectious diseases remain a major cause of death and debility and are responsible for worsening the living conditions of many millions of people around the world. Infections frequently challenge the physician's diagnostic skill and must be considered in the differential diagnoses of syndromes affecting every organ system.
Diseases and disease control
In this chapter we describe some important measures to control diseases caused by infectious agents. To avoid diseases due to nutrient deficiencies you are referred to Chapter 3. Ill-health due to genetic abnormalities can generally be limited by not breeding with the suffering animals
The fifth volume of Birkhäuser Advances in Infectious Diseases is focused
on pediatric infectious diseases.
In modern medicine, the discipline pediatric infectious diseases is an
important medical specialty. The successful prevention of childhood diseases
like diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis has made a major contribution to
the improvement of public health. Understanding the biology of causative
agents and the pathogenesis is an essential step in achieving control and
elimination of disease. Today pediatric infectious diseases research is closely
interconnected with other disciplines....
Myocarditis is a clinical syndrome characterized by inflammation of myocardium. It can be
produced by a myriad of etiologies including infectious, autoimmune, myocardial toxins,
hypersensitivity reactions and physical agents. Virtually any infectious agent can produce
myocardial inflammation and injury. Human myocarditis is most frequently caused by viral
infection. Ongoing viral infection, myocardial destruction, and adverse remodeling can lead
to persistent ventricular dysfunction and dilated cardiomyopathy.
The pathogenesis of osteomyelitis is a complex process involving interactions between a
host and an infectious agent. The host’s inflammatory response to a pathogen can further
the physical spread of disease by clearing space in bone. Predisposing genetic differences in
immune function are increasingly seen as an aetiological factor in some cases of
osteomyelitis. Acquired factors such as diseases causing immune or vascular compromise
and implantation of foreign materials are frequently involved in the disease process as well. ...
The immune system, composed of a variety of cell types and soluble factors, is geared toward the recognition of and response to "foreign" substances termed antigens. Vaccines convey antigens from living or killed microorganisms (or protein or carbohydrate molecules derived from these antigens) to elicit immune responses that are generally protective but can occasionally backfire and cause harm to the recipient.
This book presents and discusses current research in the field of biology, with a particular
emphasis on biological factors and their role in health and well-being. Topics discussed
include the biotechnology of cyanobacteria; the reasons why glucose is the principal source of
energy for living beings; post-transcriptional effects of estrogen on gene expression;
sialylation mechanism in bacteria and the evolution biology of health and disease clinical
medicine from a Darwinian perspective.
The chapter on the incidence, clinical features, pathophysiology, signs, symptoms, and
current management of the Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ), reviews how AS affects
this joint. TMJ is involved in 4% to 32% of cases, and ranges from mild disease to
ankylosis which is exceptional. The non-surgical treatment of TMJ in AS is the most
effective way of managing over 80% of patients. Non-pharmacological treatment
includes fabrication of intra oral splints, physiotherapy, and patient education.
The second part of the book is dedicated to the pathogenesis of myocarditis. The
chapters in this part also discuss some clinical findings, but mostly focus on the
underlying mechanism of the disease, using in-depth data from mouse models. Some
of the chapters focus on host immune response. For example, one chapter reviews the
role of pattern-recognition receptors in myocarditis, and another chapter examines the
role of lymphocyte effectors in myocarditis pathogenesis.
I hate the fact that fans who want to do what readers have always done are expected to
play in the same system as all these hotshot agents and lawyers. It's just stupid to say that
an elementary school classroom should have to talk to a lawyer at a giant global publisher
before they put on a play based on one of my books. It's ridiculous to say that people
who want to “loan” their electronic copy of my book to a friend need to get a license to do
so. Loaning books has been around longer than any publisher on Earth, and it's a...
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài:
Coinfection with EBV/CMV and other respiratory agents in children with suspected infectious mononucleosis
This module is the eighth in a series of Extension materials
designed to provide Extension agents, Certified Crop Advisers
(CCAs), consultants, and producers with pertinent information on
nutrient management issues. To make the learning ‘active,’ and
to provide credits to Certified Crop Advisers, a quiz accompanies
Acute Diarrhea More than 90% of cases of acute diarrhea are caused by infectious agents; these cases are often accompanied by vomiting, fever, and abdominal pain. The remaining 10% or so are caused by medications, toxic ingestions, ischemia, and other conditions.
INFECTIOUS AGENTS Most infectious diarrheas are acquired by fecal-oral transmission or, more commonly, via ingestion of food or water contaminated with pathogens from human or animal feces.