Infertile patients

Xem 1-20 trên 51 kết quả Infertile patients
  • Infertility is defined as the failure to conceive after one year of attempting pregnancy. Primary infertility denotes those patients who have never conceived. Secondary infertility applies to patients who have conceived previously. Approximately 15% of couples experience infertility, which may result from subfertility or sterility (the innate inability to conceive) in either partner or both. The female is responsible in 40%–50% of cases. The male is responsible in 30% and is contributory in another 20%–30% of couples.

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  • "Clinical practice guidelines are systematically developed statements to assist practitioner and patient decisions about appropriate health care for specific clinical circumstances." 1, 2 Practice guidelines are used by diverse segments of the medical community to define and communicate standards of performance and care. To date, the American Medical Association has catalogued nearly 2,000 clinical practice guidelines or equivalent documents. 3 An additional source on practice Guidelines is the web site www.guideline.

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  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) follows an extremely variable course with survival ranging from months to decades. Recently, there has been major progress in the identification of molecular and cellular markers that may predict the tendency for disease progression in CLL patients. In particular, the mutational profile of Ig genes and some cytogenetic abnormalities have been found to be important predictors of prognosis in CLL. However, this progress has raised new questions about the biology, prognosis and management of the disease, some of which are addressed here. ...

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  • Newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis patients were tested for presence of HIV infection after informed consent was obtained. Subjects with or without HIV infection who were willing to participate in the study were enrolled, after obtaining written consent, between September 2000 and July 2006 when the required target for enrollment in each arm of the study was attained. These patients had never been treated for TB or had taken anti-tuberculosis drugs for less than one month.

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  • One ongoing issue in translational informatics is patient privacy and the security of data. An approach that has been pursued using semantic technologies is to encode data access rules and then check all data accesses against these policies [39]. For exam- ple,apolicycangiveahospitalbillingspecialist access to data about procedures per- formed at the hospital for the purpose of insurance billing. Then, when procedure data is requested, the requester would need to show that they were a billing specialist and provide the purpose for which they want to access the data.

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  • Klemola and Norros (1997, 2001) observed and interviewed anesthetists (n = 16, 8 respectively) to explore the role of the patient monitor in their operating room practice and to understand how they thought about their anesthetized patients and responded to infor- mation they received while caring for them. Their findings suggested two distinct approaches to practice, or ‘‘habits of action’’: the ‘‘interpretive orientation’’ guided by a belief in an unpredictable world, and the ‘‘reactive orientation,’’ guided by a belief in a predictable world.

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  • The probiotic bacteria must be viable to affect the health, but the non-viable bacteria could also affect the immunological status of the host. It is believed that the arrival of probiotic bacteria with food to different parts of intestine can increase probiotic bacteria adherence and the rate of colonization. Food products may contain many forms of probiotic bacteria, including culture concentrate that is added to a food (dried or deep-freeze form), the fermented or non-fermented food products, and dietary supplements in the form of drug products-powder, capsules or tablet.

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  • Information on long-term health consequences of unsafe abortion is scarce. The WHO estimates that about 20–30% of unsafe abortions result in reproductive tract infections and that about 20–40% of these result in upper-genital-tract infection and infertility. An estimated 2% of women of reproductive age are infertile as a result of unsafe abortion, and 5% have chronic infections. 6 Unsafe abortion could also increase the long-term risk of ectopic pregnancy, premature delivery, and spontaneous abortion in subsequent pregnancies.

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  • In my presidential address, I summarized our past and present status, and focused on a proposal for our future. You may read the full text, entitled “Strategies and Goals: The Future of the International Gynecologic Cancer Society” in the December 2010 issue of our International Journal of Gynecological Cancer. At the IGCS website, you may view a webcast of my address as well as those of many of the presenters from our 13th Biennial Meeting.

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  • Sedation is the important factor in comfort of brain trauma patients. Insuffient sedation causes hypertension, tachycardia, hypoxia, hypercapnia and uncomfortable with ventilator. On the other hand excess sedation causes hypotansion, bradycardia, coma, respiratory depresion, ileus, renal insufficiency, veinous stasis and immunosupression. For the patients in the critical care unit firstly nonpharmacological method should be experinced for sedation. The patients should be frequently oriented.

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  • Calling the family members, the relexing exercises, musical therapy, masaj and sitting exercises are important in control of anxiety and ajitation of patients. Safe and effective management of the pain and anxiety needs a delicate balance for analgesia and sedation protocols while managing delirium status. The weaning of patients from mechanical ventilation is often hampered by the sedation that they receive.

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  • The American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) is the specialty society for physicians that focus on infertility. The organization has a Practice Committee that issues regular reports, including guidelines on minimal standards for providing ART, informed consent, and on the number of embryos to be transferred in IVF procedures. The guidelines are distributed to all members of ASRM, are published in the Society's journal, Fertility and Sterility, and are available to the public on ASRM's website (www.asrm.org).

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  • Current practice guidelines for ventilatory management advocate protective lung strategies to prevent volutrauma, barotrauma, atelectrauma and biotrauma (3-5). The principles are to use low tidal volumes (Vt) (5-6 ml/kg ideal body weight), maintenance of low mean airway pressures ≤ 30 cmH2O, judicious use of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) with Δ pressure ≤ 18 cmH2O, higher respiratory rates and permissive hypercapnia.

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  • It is difficult to overstress the importance of a good history and thorough clinical examination for every patient. On this the diagnosis is made and the treatment plan based. A full, clearly written record of the original consultation is essential to assess progress following treatment. Particularly is this true if a colleague should be called to see the patient in the practitioner's tioner's absenceT. he medicolegali mportanceo f accurater ecords cannot be overemphasised.

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  • No one knows more about a broad range of prescription drugs and other medications than your pharmacist. Pharmacists study all the aspects of prescription drug therapy, with an emphasis on safe patient care. The Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) degree requires at least two years of col- lege followed by four years of professional pharmacy study. To keep their licenses, pharmacists must take several new courses every year to every two years, depending on the state they are licensed in. Some pharma- cists take extra training to specialize in such areas as geriatric pharmacy. ...

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  • Through the licensure of physicians in each country, we are permitted to treat female cancer patients. However, the treatment modalities contain medication of various anti-cancer drugs that can be associated with potentially fatal toxicity if they are not used correctly. In addition, surgery can also be associated with risks during our efforts to repair normal tissues or remove tumors. Such unfortunate events can be fatal.

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  • Overweight and obesity in the United States among adults and children has increased significantly over the last two decades. Those following typical American eating and activity patterns are likely to be consuming diets in excess of their energy requirements. However, caloric intake is only one side of the energy balance equation. Caloric expenditure needs to be in balance with caloric intake to maintain body weight and must exceed caloric intake to achieve weight loss (see tables 3 and 4).

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  • This book contains four parts with 16 chapters. Firstly, an optimal stimulation scheme  for  ovaries,  particularly  natural  and  minimal  stimulation  of  ovaries,  has  been  discussed  in  the  first  part.  Then,  one  paper  analyzed  that  how  many  oocytes  per  retrieval will be  the best  for human IVF practice. If one stimulation scheme produces  too  many  eggs,  it  often  results  in  hyperstimulation  syndrome.

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  • The Affordable Care Act increases insurance company accountability by supporting States’ review of premium increases, setting standards for the amount of premiums spent on benefits versus overhead (i.e., medical loss ratios), and posting insurance price information for transparency. A Small Business Health Care Tax Credit, reinsurance for early retirees, and premium assistance for uninsured people with pre-existing conditions have already provided targeted relief for millions of insured and uninsured Americans, and these changes are making a difference.

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  • Infertility is a disease of the reproductive system that impairs one of the body's most basic functions: the conception of children. In the United States, infertility affects about 7.3 million women and their partners, or about 12% of the reproductive-aged population. For many of these couples, the answer lies in conventional medical therapy, such as drug treatment or surgery to repair reproductive organs. Since 1978, ART has provided another solution for many would-be parents.

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