Published annually, in December, this comprehensive four-volume study guide for the Certified Public Accountant's (CPA) Exam arms readers with detailed outlines and study guidelines, plus skill-building problems and solutions, that help them to identify, focus on, and master the specific topics that need the most work. Many of the practice questions are taken from previous exams, and care was taken to ensure that they cover all the information candidates need to master in order to pass the Uniform CPA Examination....
The database community has insulated itself from the information
retrieval community, and has largely eschewed dealing with
messy data types like time and space (not everyone has, just most
of us.) We had our hands full dealing with the “simple stuff” of
numbers, strings, and relational operators on them. But, real ap-
plications have massive amounts of text data, have temporal prop-
erties, and have spatial properties.
The DBMS extensibility offered by integrating languages with the
DBMS makes it relatively easy to add data types...
In the Develop stage, the pretest served a dual purpose. First, our pretest allowed us to do a
dry run for the diagnostic usability testing and validate our methodology by testing our
moderator’s guide and test design. Second, the pretest allowed us to present the consumers
with two additional and different presentations of information. In our project, the pretest
yielded significant revisions to the notices. The pretest helped pinpoint the necessary revisions
to the notices, moderator’s guide, and test design in order to move forward with the
diagnostic usability testing. ...
This paper proposes three modules based on latent topics of documents for alleviating “semantic drift” in bootstrapping entity set expansion. These new modules are added to a discriminative bootstrapping algorithm to realize topic feature generation, negative example selection and entity candidate pruning. In this study, we model latent topics with LDA (Latent Dirichlet Allocation) in an unsupervised way. Experiments show that the accuracy of the extracted entities is improved by 6.7 to 28.2% depending on the domain. ...
In this paper we focus on how to improve pronoun resolution using the statisticsbased semantic compatibility information. We investigate two unexplored issues that inﬂuence the effectiveness of such information: statistics source and learning framework. Speciﬁcally, we for the ﬁrst time propose to utilize the web and the twin-candidate model, in addition to the previous combination of the corpus and the single-candidate model, to compute and apply the semantic information. t
such as the existence and properties of its antecedents. In fact, such information has been used for pronoun resolution in many heuristicbased systems. The S-List model (Strube, 1998), for example, assumes that a co-referring candidate is a hearer-old discourse entity and is preferred to other hearer-new candidates. In the algorithms based on the centering theory (Brennan et al., 1987; Grosz et al.
The information used for the extraction of terms can be considered as rather 'internal', i.e. coming from the candidate string itself. This paper presents the incorporation of 'external' information derived from the context of the candidate string. It is embedded to the C-value approach for automatic term recognition (ATR), in the form of weights constructed from statistical characteristics of the context words of the candidate string.
Even in a massive corpus such as the Web, a substantial fraction of extractions appear infrequently. This paper shows how to assess the correctness of sparse extractions by utilizing unsupervised language models. The R EALM system, which combines HMMbased and n-gram-based language models, ranks candidate extractions by the likelihood that they are correct. Our experiments show that R EALM reduces extraction error by 39%, on average, when compared with previous work.
This book’s primary goal is to help you prepare to take and pass Microsoft’s exam number
70-290, Managing and Maintaining a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Environment. Our secondary
purpose in writing this book is to provide exam candidates with knowledge and
skills that go beyond the minimum requirements for passing the exam, and help to prepare
them to work in the real world of Microsoft computer networking.
IELTS Listening has four sections, each with 10 items (or questions). Each item is worth one mark.
The items are designed so that the answers appear in order in the listening passage. During the test,
time is given for candidates to read the questions and write down and check their answers. Answers
are written on the Question Paper as candidates listen. When the tape ends, ten minutes are
allowed for candidates to transfer their answers onto an Answer Sheet.
This book’s primary goal is to help you prepare to take and pass Microsoft’s exam number
70-291: Implementing, Managing, and Maintaining a Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Network
Infrastructure. Our secondary purpose in writing this book is to provide exam candidates with
knowledge and skills that go beyond the minimum requirements for passing the exam, and
help to prepare them to work in the real world of Microsoft computer networking.
Exam 70-120, Installing, Configuring, and Administering Windows 2000
Professional measures a professionals ability to implement, administer and
troubleshoot Windows 2000 Professional as a desktop operating system in any
network environment. The ICA Windows 2000 Professional exam is sure to be one
of the most popular due to its status as the replacement for the Workstation
exam and as a Core requirement, and is a natural fit for a New Riders Training
The classic Wiley CPA Examination review Published annually, in December, this comprehensive four-volume study guide for the Certified Public Accountant's (CPA) Exam arms readers with detailed outlines and study guidelines, plus skill-building problems and solutions, that help them to identify, focus on, and master the specific topics that need the most work. Many of the practice questions are taken from previous exams, and care was taken to ensure that they cover all the information candidates need to master in order to pass the Uniform CPA Examination...
Whether or not investing in SRI funds carries a price in terms of a reduced financial
performance is an essential question for those investors who are concerned about the ethical
consequences of their investments and, at the same time, want to obtain an adequate financial
return from those investments. Previous research on socially responsible investment (SRI)
mutual funds has, thus, focused on comparing the financial performance of SRI and
conventional funds. In this paper, we make four main contributions to the debate on the financial
performance of SRI funds.
As can be seen from this table, measures on SEF compliment other measures and could
amplify their impact too. The impact of the various measures together is likely to be stronger
than their impact individual. Notably, measures by the EIF to provide seed finance via fund
of fund structures to funds targeting social business could strongly complement steps to
create a EU framework for such funds, by increasing investments into such funds.
Many of the core functions of audit committees set out in this guidance
are expressed in terms of ‘oversight’, ‘assessment’ and ‘review’ of a
particular function. It is not the duty of audit committees to carry out
functions that properly belong to others, such as the company’s
management in the preparation of the financial statements or the
auditors in the planning or conducting of audits. To do so could
undermine the responsibility of management and auditors.
contributions brought by our approach are threefold. First, we account for luck by measuring
the proportion of lucky funds at different significant levels. Second, we examine
how the F DR varies as the significant level rises. This indicates whether funds with
genuine differential performance are concentrated or more dispersed in the tails of the
cross-sectional alpha distribution. Third, we provide explicit estimates of the proportion
of funds in the population which have truly positive and negative alphas (as opposed to
In a more challenging, mature, and increasingly transparent market, this is
unlikely to continue to be the case as it is increasingly possible to assembl
performance records. Investors are becoming more assertive, and
regulations/directives are playing an increasingly important role in the
need for disclosure and accountability. The question of how manager
performance is rewarded is therefore a key issue for the industry: do
performance-related fees, for example, adequately distinguish between
risk taking (higher beta) and genuine skill/out-performance (alpha)? ...
The matrices that follow are designed as guidelines to assist readers in setting their own bench-
mark requirements for SIEM system testing. While this is a benchmark checklist, readers must
remember that benchmarking, itself, is governed by variables speciﬁc to each organization. For
a real-life example, consider an article in eSecurity Planet, in which Aurora Health in Michigan
estimated that they produced 5,000–10,000 EPS, depending upon the time of day.
that means during the normal ebb and ﬂow of network trafﬁc.
In language learning, the use of strategies “has been observed to produce a positive effect on
student achievement” (Flaitz & Feiten, 1996, pp.211). The term learner strategies refers to
“language learning behaviors learners actually engage in to learn and regulate the learning of
a second language” (Wenden, 1987, p.6), and also refers to what learners know about the
strategies they use and what they know about other aspects of their language learning