Information criterion

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  • The source of project ideas may come from a variety of sources, most importantly from prospective implementing partners (either partner governments, non-state actors or multi-lateral or regional development agencies). Local ownership of, and commitment to, potential projects is a key quality assessment criterion. Furthermore, project ideas should be drawn from the priorities and targets identified in the relevant Country Strategy Paper and National Indicative Programme.

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  • A third criterion for effective research on skills transfer is study over time. To be certain that students are transferring skills from their first language rather than using skills learned in their second language, researchers must study subjects who have received reading instruction in their first language prior to receiving it in their second language, and who have received sufficient first-language instruction to have developed a base of first-language skills that can be transferred.

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  • Given a particular representation of f described in Section 2.1,wemust then choose the amount of smoothness to allow for f . We examine model selection approaches that have already been used extensively by investigators in the area of time series modelling of air pollution and health data. A general strategy is to use a data-driven method and to select the number of degrees of freedom(df) which optimizes a particular criterion. For example, one approach is to choose the df which leads to optimal prediction of the mortality outcome series (e.g.

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  • Contracting authorities will have to indicate in the contract notice and tender documents how many additional points will be awarded for each award criterion. Environmental award criteria should, altogether, account for at least 10 to 15 % of the total points available. Where the award criterion is formulated in terms of “better performance as compared to the minimum requirements included in the technical specifications”, points will be awarded in proportion to the improved performance. ...

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  • In this chapter, you learned to: Define the terms state of nature, event, decision alternatives, payoff, and utility; organize information in a payoff table or a decision tree; compute opportunity loss and utility function; find an optimal decision alternative based on a given decision criterion; assess the expected value of additional information.

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  • Receiver Structure for PAM Signals In this chapter we first discuss the main building blocks of a digital receiver (Section 4.1). The discussion is intended as an introduction to get a qualitative understanding of the design issues involved. In Section 4.2 we are concerned with the question under what conditions the samples of the received signal contain the entire information on the continuous-time signal. The samples obtained under such conditions provide so-called sufficient statistics for the digital receiver to be discussed in Section 4.3.

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  • Using the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) method for multi-index evaluation has special advantages, while the use of geographic information systems (GIS) is suitable for spatial analysis. Combining AHP with GIS provides an effective approach for studies of mineral potential mapping evaluation. Selection of potential areas for exploration is a complex process in which many diverse criteria are to be considered.

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  • Introduction To Equalizers In most digital data transmission systems the dispersive linear channel encountered exhibits amplitude and phase distortion. As a result, the received signal is contaminatedby Intersymbo1 Interference (ISI). In a system, which transmits a sequenceof pulse-shaped information symbols, the time domain full response signalling pulses are smeared hostile dispersive by the channel, resulting in intersymbol interference. At the receiver, the linearly distorted signal has to be equalized in order torecover the information.

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  • For bidirectional associate memory neural networks with time-varying delays, the problems of determining the exponential stability and estimating the exponential convergence rate are investigated by employing the Lyapunov functional method and linear matrix inequality (LMI) technique. A novel criterion for the stability, which give information on the delay-dependent property, is derived.

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  • Nevertheless for both leisure and business markets, perhaps the most important criterion for selecting to visit or not to visit a destination is its image. Image is the set of expectations and perceptions a prospective traveler has of a destination. Past experience of the destination or the companies involved (i.e. airlines, hotels, tour operators); descriptions by friends and relatives; general information; and marketing campaigns develop these expectations and perception which may be true or imaginary representations. (Baloglu and Brinberg, 1997; Chon,1991 and 1992; Chacko, 1997).

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  • This paper describes the use of an on-line system to do word-sense ambiguity resolution and content analysis of English paragraphs, using a system of semantic analysis programmed in Q32 LISP 1.5. The system of semantic analysis comprises dictionary codings for the text words, coded forms of permitted message, and rules producing message forms in combination on the basis of a criterion of semantic closeness. All these can be expressed as a single system of rules of phrase-structure form.

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  • Ordering information is a difficult but important task for applications generating natural-language text. We present a bottom-up approach to arranging sentences extracted for multi-document summarization. To capture the association and order of two textual segments (eg, sentences), we define four criteria, chronology, topical-closeness, precedence, and succession. These criteria are integrated into a criterion by a supervised learning approach.

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  • Currency of publication is a basic criterion in the evaluation process. In general, books selected for both Science and Social Sciences & Humanities Editions must bear a copyright from the current year or previous five (5) years. However, books outside this range, especially in Social Sciences and Arts & Humanities subjects, are often considered for coverage with the understanding that older books in these areas are often of relatively greater value.

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  • Competencies should be reviewed regularly and redefined to reflect the changing needs of public health practice. Expected documentation for Criterion 2.6 includes “a description of the manner in which the SPH/PHP periodically assesses the changing needs of public health practice and uses this information to establish the competencies for its educational programs.” A site visit team will expect to see evidence that this has occurred on an ongoing basis.

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