Malware: software designed to infiltrate or
damage a computer system without the
owner's informed consent
Spyware: software designed to intercept
or take partial control over the user's
interaction with the computer, without the
user's informed consent
secretly monitors the user's behavior
collect various types of personal information
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài:
Research in critically ill patients: standards of informed consent...
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Do chiropractic college faculty understand informed consent: a pilot study...
(BQ) Part 1 book "Ethical issues in anesthesiology and surgery" presents the following contents: Informed consent - Pediatric patients, adolescents and emancipated minors; informed consent and the disclosure of surgeon experience; pediatric patients do not resuscitate decisions; ethical care of the children of jehovah’s witnesses; fatigue and the care of patients,...
Patients provide valid informed consent to a treatment or a
diagnostic procedure if they have sufficient capacity, have been
given appropriate information, and give consent freely without coercion
or undue influence. When a patient’s capacity for treatment
consent is in doubt, a clinician must determine whether the patient
indeed has the capacity. It is a common reason behind requests for
psychiatric consultations in a general hospital (Appelbaum, 2007).
Clinical trials enable scientific discoveries to advance patient care, and
they also inform and guide subsequent research. The National Cancer Institute
(NCI) supports the largest U.S. network of clinical trials of any type, of
which the largest component is the Clinical Trials Cooperative Group Program
(informally known as the Cooperative Group Program). It currently
comprises 10 Groups that involve more than 3,100 institutions and 14,000
investigators who enroll more than 25,000 patients in clinical trials each
The process of informed consent is a well established medical practice which has
its roots in ethics and law. The requirement to obtain informed consent is based on
the ethical principle of self determination and is strengthened in application by
both statutory and case law. As a general rule, with few exceptions, and endoscopist
is required to obtain informed consent prior to the performance of any endoscopic
Điều 15 của CBD
Chủ quyền của quốc gia về nguồn gen
Các bên tạo điều kiện thuận lợi để tiếp cận nguồn gen
Việc tiếp cận phải dựa trên nguyên tắc Nhất trí/thỏa thuận thông báo trước(PIC- Prior Informed Consent) và Các điều khoản đồng thuận(MAT-mutually agreed terms)
Các bên áp dung các biện pháp để chia sẻ lợi ích trên cơ sở Các điều khoản đồng thuận
The American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) is the specialty
society for physicians that focus on infertility. The organization has a Practice
Committee that issues regular reports, including guidelines on minimal
standards for providing ART, informed consent, and on the number of
embryos to be transferred in IVF procedures. The guidelines are distributed
to all members of ASRM, are published in the Society's journal, Fertility and
Sterility, and are available to the public on ASRM's website (www.asrm.org).
The use of complementary medicine has mushroomed over the last decade. Along
with the increased popularity there’s been an increase in the number of
practitioners who practise complementary therapies either as their primary
discipline or as a ‘complement’ to their own discipline, such as nursing or medicine.
With an increasing acceptance by the public and by mainstream healthcare
professionals, practitioners of complementary medicine are being asked to provide
evidence of the effectiveness and safety of their therapies.
The aspirator should be aware of the pertinent history and clinical information, significant
radiological studies and the clinical question that FNAB may answer. The procedure as well as the
minor complications of bruising and bleeding should be explained to the patient. Site-specific
complications for deep needle aspiration biopsy should be described to the patient if image guided
FNAB is performed. Informed consent should be obtained from the patient, guardian or legal
Participants should be informed that they are free to withdraw from the research at any
Participants should be informed of the degree of confidentiality that will be maintained in
Informed consent of parents or guardians and, where practical, of children should be
obtained in research involving children.
As the market leader in digital signage, NEC offers a large selection of
powerful digital signage solutions that can provide reliable outstanding
images over long periods of use.
Digital Signage can serve several purposes such as informing, entertaining
or providing a purchasing incentive. For instance, a public display with
tantalising content placed above a concession stand can boost sales of
popcorn, cola and other items.
Between December 2003 and December 2007, a total of 222 radical transurethral resection of
prostate cancer were performed under spinal anesthesia in 170 patients with clinical stages
of T1 or T2. Clinical stages were determined according to the UICC TNM staging system of
1997. We informed the patients that the procedure was not a current standard radical
method of management, and those who refused this procedure were excluded from the
study. We also excluded patients with serious comorbidities that might affect their lives by
We are grateful to everyone who attended the panel’s ﬁrst meet-
ing and provided perspectives on issues of human research participant
protection in the social, behavioral, and economic sciences (SBES).
We acknowledge the wealth of information that we obtained from web-
sites of private and public organizations and from previous surveys
of the review process for research with human participants (see the
Women with mental disabilities should be involved in decision-making about their
reproductive rights to the fullest extent allowed by their capacities. To the degree
that a woman can give her informed consent, she is entitled to do so. At the same
time, women with mental disabilities may possess particular vulnerabilities that
entitle them to heightened protection from sexual abuse and other forms of exploi-
s outlined in the section on advertising Facebook’s policy is that it does not allow the
serving of ads based on the use of sensitive data as defined under EU law. In practice, however, it
does seem that it is possible to use such information as contained in a profile. In this respect, it is
not inappropriate for FB-I to claim legitimate interests for the processing of profile, interest and
‘like’ information entered by a user if it were considered that consent would not be a sufficiently
robust basis for such processing. Regardless, there needs to be...