In addition to the traditional FFS Medicare or Medicare
Managed Care (MMC) insurance, many elderly buy supplemental
insurance policies to cover prescription drugs
or catastrophic expenses. These supplemental policies are
known as MediGap plans, because they help fill gaps in
the available health insurance coverage. Some Medicare
beneficiaries are dual eligibles – covered by both Medicare
(health insurance for the aged) and Medicaid (health
insurance for the poor with chronic disabilities or endstage
When starting hormonal contraception after POEC (Levonelle 1500® or Levonelle One Step®)
additional contraception should be advised until contraceptive efficacy is established (see
Summary on page iv).
There are no data on quick starting hormonal contraception after use of the emergency
contraceptive, ulipristal acetate (UPA) (ellaOne®). As UPA is a progesterone receptor
modulator that blocks the action of progesterone, it may affect the contraceptive efficacy of
hormonal methods.35,36 However, no interaction studies have been carried out to date.
New Zealand has a highly integrated, closed system of poultry production, with all
poultry meat available for retail sale being of domestic origin. Processors of chicken meat
control most aspects of production, processing, and distribution; 3 processing companies supply
90% of chicken meat consumed in New Zealand, representing 95% of all poultry meat
consumed (2). As a result, interventions applied to the local poultry industry affect all
domestically consumed poultry.
A marked decline in campylobacteriosis notifications was observed during 2007 and
hemical and industrial
manufacturing processes often require temperature, humid-
ity, and other environmental parameters to remain in a
small, fixed range that varies over time . Should the
temperature fall outside this range, manufacturers risk
costly failures that must be avoided. Thus, they currently
employ a range of wired sensing to avoid such problems
[25,13]. Interestingly, companies in this area (e.g.
High medicine prices increase the cost of treatment. For example, treatment of
an adult respiratory infection with a 7-day course of treatment with ciprofloxacin
would cost the lowest-paid government worker over a day’s wage in most countries.
Costs escalate when originator brands are used: the same treatment would cost the
lowest-paid unskilled government worker over 10 days’ wages in the majority of the
countries studied; in Armenia and Kenya, over a month’s salary would be needed to
purchase this treatment.
An example of a continuum of care in action is the Reproductive and Child
Health II (RCH II) program, which uses an integrated model of health care
and focuses on women’s and children’s health from birth through adulthood.
With the goal of improving reproductive and child health in India, RCH II
concentrates on family planning and maternal, newborn, child, and adoles-
cent health services. The program focuses on community participation and
empowering people to play an active role in their reproductive health care.
Fossil fuel combustion for transportation contributes to air pollution, and air pollution
degrades human health. However, the path from transportation to human health costs is anything
but straightforward. Which pollutants are produced in which proportions depend on a number of
factors, including the vehicle and fuel used and the driving conditions of a particular trip. These
emissions are dispersed into the ambient air according to atmospheric conditions, which also
influence the extent to which they react to form secondary pollutants.
First among the threats to forest biodiversity identified by BirdLife
International and the Forest Inventory and Planning Institute (FIPI) is hunting,
because of the value and rarity of the game, followed by firewood and other non-
timber forest product (NTFP) collection, timber cutting, forest fires (including
human-made as part of scrap metal collection) and clearance of forest land for
agriculture (Le Trong Trai et al. 2001). But the threats are usually specific to each
site, and detailed information is needed for each location, as we did in Khe Tran.
Under free ranging conditions, the frequency of drinking water by camel depends on a
number of factors such as the ambient temperature, the water content of the feed and the
physiological status of the animal. Lactating females obviously require more water than
dry cows, bulls or castrates. It is said that throughout the winter period, camels may not
have access to free water. There is an historial record held by camels in Sudan where it
was noted 86 years ago that a large herd of camels at a well on May 11, 1917 were
drinking free water for the...
Qualification requirements are a prime consideration in determining positions covered by the
GS-1146-0 Series. Positions are classifiable to this series when there is a requirement for
incumbents to have a practical knowledge of the various marketing elements, functions and/or
practices, or a knowledge of the requirements of one or more laws, acts or other statutory
provisions relating to the particular program and/or commodity involved. Positions concerned
with marketing activities, but which require incumbents to possess other professional or
specialized knowledge (e.g.
Hollywood’s loss, in terms of the general narrowing of the horizons
of possibility at the heart of the studio-led machine, was to be the
gain of a newly consolidating form of independent production and
distribution that was beginning to take shape during the 1980s, and
into which some of the inheritance of the Renaissance was carried.
The term ‘independent’ has had rather different connotations at
different periods in the history of American cinema. In the 1930s,
for example, it signiﬁed ‘something less than trash’.
Addiction and recovery have been topics of Hollywood films
and movies of the week and are increasingly integrated into
mainstream television shows through the inclusion of addicted
characters. Now the producers of reality shows have entered
the field with the new American television show Intervention,
on the A&E channel.
As seen in Table 7, both Planned Parenthood and other WHP clinics typically offer a
comprehensive range of contraceptive methods. The methods include oral contraceptives (the
Pill) as well as long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) such as intrauterine devices
(IUDs), implants (e.g., Implanon), or injectables (e.g., Depo-Provera). LARCs are particularly
important because they are the most effective in preventing unintended pregnancies and have
lower failure rates.
On September 1st
, Switzerland announced it was extending a deadline for meeting its
targets for reducing noise from road traffic. A new amendment to a federal ordinance on
noise pollution will give national and local authorities until 2015 to install noise-reduction
barriers along highways and until 2018 to install similar barriers along other major roads.
The barriers were originally due to be in place by March 2002, under the 1986 federal
ordinance. However, only around 30 percent of the roads targeted for remedial
measures had barriers installed by that date.
Current average fuel economy levels vary consid-
erably by country. Across the OECD the average
figure in 2005 was around 8 litres per 100 km for
new cars (including SUVs and minivans and in-
cluding both gasoline and diesel vehicles). With a
50% fuel economy improvement, the average new
car performance in OECD markets would improve
to around 4 litres per 100 km (about 90 g/km of
The primary goals of the School of Medicine at SBU
are to 1) advance the medical sciences by translating
cutting-edge biomedical science into diagnostic, thera-
peutic and prognostic advances, 2) develop a diverse
cadre of caring and skilled physicians and biomedical
scientists who are outstanding candidates for graduate
and specialty training programs, 3) deliver compassion-
ate clinical care in an efficient, state-of-the-art, safe and
cost-conscious fashion, and 4) reach out to multiple
communities to enrich both our citizens and ourselves.
Quickly I received a response from the GEA at post; including a detailed explanation of the GEI
office in general. In the email that followed, the GEA informed me that she already had a job in
mind but would like to have more of a clarification of my wants, needs and abilities. She then
sent me a question-answer sheet called a Skills Assessment Form via email for me to fill out to
help her identify my skills.
Within days, the GEA was able to make a connection for me by identifying an “Investigative
Assistant” position which fit perfectly...
These criteria set a general framework for monitoring existing and proposed legislation. But monitoring
the actual policy needs of SME is difficult even in advanced economies. There is a need to establish
mechanisms for effective public-private sector dialogue and feedback from those who implement legislation.
Business associations from time to time can undertake studies of members’ needs and governments
anticipating a particularly acute problem or proposing new forms of legislation may commission surveys.
Twelve million U.S. teens, or about twothirds
of those online, watched online
video in May 2009. It’s clear that online
video is becoming an important part of
the overall teen viewing experience. Year
over year, the audience grew 10% and
the average number of minutes increased
a stunning 79%: to three hours and six
minutes per month. Torrid growth, yes,
but the average teen still lags behind
viewing of adults 18–24, adults 25–32 and
Whatever process you choose for getting thin stock, consider taking your result to a
cabinet shop with a wide belt sander for the final thicknessing process. Wide belt
sanders are industrial grade machines, technically referred to as abrasive planers.
They work very fast and effectively to bring stock to a consistent thickness with an
excellent surface finish. They only cost from $5-10,000 though, which is good for you
in one critical respect.