The global trading system is undergoing a period of transition. Shifting economic
circumstances, major advances in technology and the emergence of
new players on the global scene, all underscore that we are on the cusp of
big changes. Persistent imbalances, driven largely by macro-economic
factors continue to be a cause of concern in some major economies.
The inherent uncertainty in property prices are
traditionally characterized by probability distributions (Ratcliff, 1972 and
Squirell, 1985). However, the lack of precise information on properties often
poses a problem. As mentioned by Bagnoli and Smith (1998), appraisers use a
great deal of judgment to identify the characteristics (attributes) of properties
that relate to property prices. Additionally, they usually have to consider
qualitative characteristics, such as structural quality, architectural
attractiveness and location convenience.
This report is the final product of a two-year study by the
Committee on Assessing Technological Literacy, a group
of experts on diverse subjects under the auspices of the
National Academy of Engineering (NAE) and the Board on Testing and
Assessment at the Center for Education, part of the National Research
Council (NRC). The committee’s charge was to determine the most
viable approach or approaches to assessing technological literacy in U.S.
K–12 students, K–12 teachers, and out-of-school adults.
Teaching children how to read and write
has always been the primary objective of
education or schooling. However, in
recent years there have been concerns
that this major objective has not been
achieved, or has not been achieved at a
satisfactory level, by many students by
the end of the compulsory years of
schooling. This has led to a renewed
focus on literacy at both Commonwealth
and state level, and the introduction of
new policies and practices which are
aimed at improving literacy outcomes.
Community management of patients with organic brain damage can be difficult. They often do
not attend appointments. The community nursing team may be able to offer advice and support
to the patient. A community care assessment by the social work department may be needed. If
drinking continues to be problematic, sometimes patients will agree to an arrangement with
their family or their social worker such that, at any one time, they only have access to small
amounts of their money.
Second, information should be thought of as better if it reduces the uncertainty
surrounding some future cost or benefit. For instance, future liabilities are inherently
uncertain. Information that can narrow the variance on estimates of those uncertain liabilities
should be considered better information. Reduced variance is particularly valuable when
decision-makers are risk-averse, since a reduction in variance alone can lead to different
decisions when there is risk aversion.
Arts-related real estate markets have paradoxical entry
barriers and advantages. There are barriers inherent
in the uncertainty of demand, zoning issues and the
costs of retrofitting old systems. At the same time,
entry barriers are lowered because the space demand is
flexible and often requires minimal high-end fixtures
Art-making, performance, craft production and
exhibition spaces attract users who want to adapt and
re-create space in flexible ways.
Evidence-based medicine (EBM) has been famously characterized by
David Sackett as the “conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of current
best evidence in making decisions about individual care.” The central
in EBM of the importance of integrating individual clinical expertise
with the best available external evidence provides a helpful framework for
providers navigating the uncertainty inherent in patient care.
Labour productivity growth arises from capital accumulation and from innovation; that is, the
creation, dispersion, and use of new and valued products and processes. Innovation results in a
change in the composition of the economy.
Firms and entrepreneurs are central to driving innovation and hence productivity growth. However,
innovation is inherently a risky and uncertain process.
Current research in automatic subjectivity analysis deals with various kinds of subjective statements involving human attitudes and emotions. While all of them are related to subjectivity, these statements usually touch on multiple dimensions such as non-objectivity1 , uncertainty, vagueness, non-objective measurability, imprecision, and ambiguity, which are inherently different. This paper discusses the differences and relations of six dimensions of subjectivity. Conceptual and linguistic characteristics of each dimension will be demonstrated under different contexts. ...