The book on emerging informatics brings together the new concepts and applications that will help define and outline problem solving methods and features in designing business and human systems. It covers international aspects of information systems design in which many relevant technologies are introduced for the welfare of human and business systems.
Driving Innovation reveals the dynamics of intellectual property (IP) as it
drives the innovation cycle and shapes global society. The book presents
fundamental IP concepts and practical legal and business strategies that
applytoall innovationcommunities, includingindustry,nonproﬁt institu-
tions, and developing countries.
This title explores the issue of innovation engineering, a feature that is essential to the continuation of growth and development in the commercial world. Discussion is divided into three parts: Part I covers the historical basis of innovation, noting that diversity rests upon a duality between concepts in theory and applications put into practice, as well as discussing how innovation has resulted from the interaction of numerous factors, be they societal, human, managerial, organization or technological.
This innovative text presents computer programming as a unified discipline in a way that is both practical and scientifically sound. The book focuses on techniques of lasting value and explains them precisely in terms of a simple abstract machine. The book presents all major programming paradigms in a uniform framework that shows their deep relationships and how and where to use them together.After an introduction to programming concepts, the book presents both well-known and lesser-known computation models ("programming paradigms"). ...
International Investment Agreements: A survey of Environmental, Labour and Anti-corruption Issues*
This paper surveys the societal dimension of 296 international investment agreements (IIAs) signed by the 30 member countries and of by the 9 non-member countries that participate formally in OECD investment work. Annex 3.A1 to the paper looks at the same issues for 131 IIAs signed by 15 developing countries (including China and India) that are not part of the OECD sample.
This book was born out of a serious debate on the issues of governance and administration
since the late 1990s. The popularity of the term governance over
government and administration resulted in a proliferation of books, articles, and
conference papers aimed at addressing a broader notion of government business
with broad participation of the governed. Consequently, the concept of good governance
appeared as a new term to negate the practice of bad governance, considered
to be a characteristic of the traditional forms of government.
Once at the center of philosophy, the philosophy of concepts has now been
marginalized, maybe because for a few years now, it has been stalled. The
contrast with the psychology of concepts is stark. Psychologists working
on categorization, induction, and reasoning have continued developing
and refining their theories of concepts, discovering along the way a dazzling
amount of phenomena.
The definition of investor and investment is key to the scope of application of rights and obligations of investment agreements and to the establishment of the jurisdiction of investment treaty-based arbitral tribunals. This factual survey of state practice and jurisprudence aims to clarify the requirements to be met by individuals and corporations in order to
investment agreements between host countries and foreign investors. The meaning of the umbrella clauses is one of the most controversial issues with which international arbitral tribunals have been recently confronted with while adjudicating investment disputes brought before them. Through a wide review of the specific textual provisions included in investment agreements,
Interdisciplinary work is much in demand from policy-makers and research
funding bodies alike. Understanding social phenomena is said to require a
move by the different sciences beyond their disciplinary silos and some of the
most significant breakthroughs in our knowledge and understanding occur at
the edges of disciplines. At the same time, individual career incentives usually
demand publications in each respective discipline’s ‘top ten’ journals, offering
a powerful counterweight to any attempt at working and publishing across
My 40-year career in marketing has produced some knowledge and
even a little wisdom. Reflecting on the state of the discipline, it occurred
to me that it is time to revisit the basic concepts of marketing.
First, I listed the 80 concepts in marketing critical today and
spent time mulling over their meanings and implications for sound
business practice. My primary aim was to ascertain the best principles
and practices for effective and innovative marketing. I found this
journey to be filled with many surprises, yielding new insights and
The new digital radio system DAB (Digital Audio Broadcasting, nowadays often
called Digital Radio) is a very innovative and universal multimedia broadcast system
which will replace the existing AM and FM audio broadcast services in many parts of
the world in the future. It was developed in the 1990s by the Eureka 147/DAB
project. DAB is very well suited for mobile reception and provides very high robustness
against multipath reception. It allows use of single frequency networks (SFNs)
for high frequency efficiency....
The last decade proved to be hugely successful for the mobile communications industry,
characterised by continued and rapid growth in demand, spurred on by new technological
advances and innovative marketing techniques. Of course, when we refer to mobile communications,
we tend to implicitly refer to cellular systems, such as GSM. The plight of the
mobile-satellite industry over the last decade, although eventful, has, at times, been more akin
to an out of control roller coaster ride.
complexity, also in the field of theories concerning social and economic sciences (The
orgins of Order: Self-Organizations and Selection in Evolution, Oxford univ. Press, 1993).
Efforts will be made to attempt to “crystallize” complex systems, that is to transform
them into structures characterized by a high degree of order.
This book The Systemic Dimension of Globalization that consists of a variety of approaches
and topics was connected throughout the main message - the system conception.
When the chronicle of computer languages is written, the following will be said:
B led to C, C evolved into C++, and C++ set the stage for Java. To understand
Java is to understand the reasons that drove its creation, the forces that
shaped it, and the legacy that it inherits. Like the successful computer languages that
came before, Java is a blend of the best elements of its rich heritage combined with the
innovative concepts required by its unique environment.
The Deep Space Communications and Navigation Systems Center of
Excellence (DESCANSO) was established in 1998 by the National Aeronautics
and Space Administration (NASA) at the California Institute of Technology’s
Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). DESCANSO is chartered to harness and
promote excellence and innovation to meet the communications and navigation
needs of future deep-space exploration.
The topics of control engineering and signal processing continue to ﬂourish and
develop. In common with general scientiﬁc investigation, new ideas, concepts
and interpretations emerge quite spontaneously and these are then discussed,
used, discarded or subsumed into the prevailing subject paradigm. Sometimes
these innovative concepts coalesce into a new sub-discipline within the broad
subject tapestry of control and signal processing. This preliminary battle be-
tween old and new usually takes place at conferences, through the Internet and
in the journals of the discipline.
CHAPTER 8 Implementing Quality Concepts
After completing this chapter, you should be able to answer the following questions: Why is the emphasis on quality in business unlikely to decline? What is quality and from whose viewpoint should it be evaluated?
A fast paced changing world requires dynamic methods and robust theories to enable designers to deal with the new product development landscape successfully and make a difference in an increasingly interconnected world. Designers continue stretching the boundaries of their discipline, and trail new paths in interdisciplinary domains, constantly moving the frontiers of their practice farther.
carriers have different shapes and sizes, and their biogenesis, modality of transport,
and delivery to the final destination are regulated by a multitude of very complex
molecular machineries, which include cytoskeletal elements, signaling complexes, and
lipid modifying enzymes to name a few. A concept that has clearly emerged in the last
decade is that each membrane pathway does not represent a close system, but is fully
integrated with all the other trafficking pathways.