Human development has different meanings depending on the area we will focus on.
It is the ontogenetic process of individual development for psychologists. It considers
systematic psychological changes in several areas, such as motor, cognitive, emotional,
social, that occur in human beings over the course of their life span. To sociologists
and economists, among others, human development is the consideration of the macrolevel
countries or regions and their development conditions related to human needs.
Fortunately, American business leaders are unlikely
to stand by idly while the hope and promise of a
prosperous and successful future for our children and
grandchildren slip away. Throughout our history we
have rallied to meet the demands of many serious
threats, and there are no compelling reasons why we
cannot meet the challenges posed by child hunger.
Malnutrition in Somalia is a huge public health problem, negatively affecting growth, development
and survival of the population. Situational analysis shows a long term nutrition crisis characterised
by persistently high rates of acute and chronic malnutrition throughout the country with some
variation by zone and livelihood system. This situation reflects nearly two decades of armed conflict
and insecurity, with breakdown in social and public services coupled with recurrent droughts and
flooding seriously affecting food security and livelihoods.
A detailed situational analysis of the nutrition situation in country, determinants of malnutrition and
current nutrition interventions, strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats can be found
in annex 2. In brief, eighteen years of war and insecurity have had devastating effects on the
nutrition and health status of the people of Somalia, which was already precarious even before.
USDA’s Economic Research Service (ERS) projects that
average per capita food consumption for 67 low-income
countries will increase in the next decade. ERS also projects
that the number of people failing to meet their nutritional
requirements will decline from 774 million in 2000 to 694
million in 2010, providing an improved outlook for global
food security. But the gains are not uniform across countries
and in many food insecurity will probably intensify.
Ninety percent of the agricultural labour is done by women in Mozambique, yet they are
vulnerable to food insecurity. The main contributing factors are limited access to education,
especially in rural and peri-urban areas, and limited access to the labour market. As a result,
they cannot ensure adequate nutritional intake for themselves and their families.
Health and Environment
According to a recent WHO report
, roughly 16.2% of all deaths in Mozambique can
be attributed to inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene practices.