In the early twentieth century, the instruments of war were simply called weapons. The cannon, the rifle, or the bayonet were all considered separate pieces of weaponry to be used in combat. By the Second World War, technology began to be integrated into combat. The invention of radar and sonar extended the field of combat to greater and greater ranges, and it was no longer necessary to sight targets directly. As technology progressed, the very nature of weapons also changed. Now, it is no longer sufficient to discuss individual pieces of weaponry, they must be taken in the context of...
This report reproduces (1) advance materials sent to 2,005 Gulf War veterans as part of a survey investigating the use of pesticides during Operation Desert Storm/Desert Shield and (2) the survey used by the telephone interviewers. Respondents statistically represented the U.S. military population in the Kuwaiti Theater of Operations between August 1990 and July 1991. Survey results, reported in MR-1018/12-OSD, Pesticide Use During the Gulf War: A Survey of Gulf War Veterans.
Despite the protection afforded by several important
legal instruments, the environment continues to be the
silent victim of armed conflicts worldwide. The United
Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has conducted
over twenty post-conflict assessments since 1999, using
state-of-the-art science to determine the environmental
impacts of war. From Kosovo to Afghanistan, Sudan and
the Gaza Strip, UNEP has found that armed conflict
causes significant harm to the environment and the
communities that depend on natural resources.