Understanding the basics of pharmacology
is an essential nursing responsibility.
Pharmacology is the science that deals
with the physical and chemical properties,
and biochemical and physiologic
effects, of drugs. It includes the areas of
This book is designed to help you identify and address any potential weaknesses
in your essential calculation skills. In turn this will help you become
more confi dent and profi cient in the aspects of numeracy that are an essential
part of modern nursing care.
You may fi nd an electronic calculator useful to check your answers, but
remember that calculators may not always be available in the workplace,
and that their use in clinical practice is generally discouraged. You need to
become confi dent in applying calculation skills without the aid of a
This involves research and investigational work concerned with the development of new
or revision of existing class and grade standards, including such matters as: (1) gaining
cooperation of producer, trade and consumer organizations; (2) factfinding to arrive at
the terms and conditions suitable to the needs of the various elements of the industry; (3)
investigation for such factors as requirements for storing and handling, designation under
which the commodity is usually marketed, changes in methods of preparation, harvesting
and marketing, new means of preserving quality or cond...
Chapter 9, Special preparations and calculations. This chapter presents information and calculations unique to compounds, alligations, preparation of a dilution from a concentrate, and special considerations for insulin calculations.