Trends in needing help with such activities as housework or shopping may be
due to changes in the physical abilities of the older population, but they may also be
related to the availability of help in the house, either familial or paid, the availability
of appliances, and the accessibility of transportation (1, 12). However, causes of
trends in IADL functioning have not been apportioned to reasons residing in the
person and reasons outside the person.
The trends in what is termed ADL disability have not been nearly as consistent
as those in IADL disability (31).
Unfortunately, the adverse effects of transportation have a greater impact on the natural
and human environment than either spatial proximity or telecommunications. The basic
technology used in transportation causes emissions of pollutants which have been proved, or are
believed, to damage human health and plant life and to upset sensitive ecosystem balances. As a
result of transport’s contribution to local pollution–which, worldwide, is responsible for about 1.
Targets also move dramatically over time. SME development policies in Western Europe, for example,
focused on employment creation in the late 1980s and early 1990s. By the end of the century the emphasis
had changed to international competitiveness and innovation. As a result, policy targets moved towards
technology issues and creation of an enterprise culture. In transition economies a major focus has been upon
creating an enabling environment for the market economy.
The magic of the Hollywood style at its best (and of all the cinema which fell within
its sphere of influence) arose, not exclusively, but in one important aspect, from its
skilled and satisfying manipulation of visual pleasure. Unchallenged, mainstream film
coded the erotic into the language of the dominant patriarchal order.
Institutional gaps at the country level can be immense. Too often, they have
included a lack of documented rights claimed by local people and weak con-
sultation processes that have led to uncompensated loss of land rights, espe-
cially by vulnerable groups; a limited capacity to assess a proposed project’s
technical and economic viability; and a limited capacity to assess or enforce
environmental and social safeguards.
Such problems are not due to a lack of potential.
“business logic” of traditional three-tier system terminology
is part of our definition of front-end, because
these services integrate their service logic with the code
that receives and replies to client requests.
The front-end tier is responsible primarily for locating
data on back-end machine(s) and routing it to and
from clients in Content and ReadMostly, and for providing
online services such as email, newsgroups, and a
web proxy in Online.
A large proportion of real estate transactions are carried out with the help of real estate agents.1
These agents provide expertise (on pricing, preparing a property for sale, and bargaining) and
convenience (by showing the property, advertising and holding open houses, and taking care of
paperwork). One advantage of working with an agent who is a realtor is access to the Multiple
Listing Service (MLS), a database that compiles information on all properties listed by local
realtors. Typically, realtors charge a commission of around 6 percent.
RAM is consumed by TinyDB and forwarding buffers in
the networking stack. We have also experimented with
several other types of join queries and found similar re-
sults: irrespective of the query, join-predicate selectivity
and average node depth have the largest effect on query
execution cost for the distributed join algorithm.
For all graphs showing results for the distributed join al-
gorithm, we show power utilization and result accuracy at
steady state, after groups have formed and nodes are per-
forming the join in-network.
Older, larger firms in particular can raise both their earnings and their output while
cutting jobs. One way is by trimming layers of bureaucracy that have accrued over the
years. Some big companies grow by acquiring other companies, and they may seek
economies of scale by consolidating the engineering or administrative staffs.
At higher temperatures, developed economies face a growing risk of large-scale
shocks - for example, the rising costs of extreme weather events could affect global
financial markets through higher and more volatile costs of insurance.
Integrated assessment models provide a tool for estimating the total impact on
the economy; our estimates suggest that this is likely to be higher than
Strikes and kicks can be very swift and dangerous because of the two horny claws on
each foot. Striking with the forelimbs is often performed as part of a rearing jumping
action while on the move. With the hind leg the camel can kick to its own shoulder in
swinging sidewards and kick forcefully rearwards. They are able to deliver a strong
sweeping kick while in sternal recumbency. The camel is also capable of delivering quite
a forceful, backward kick with the front leg. Wild camels in open country will run away
while they can, but may be very...
Butler reported that the net returns from organic production in 1999 were more than twice those
from conventional production on dairies of a similar size. However, compared to the state
average, returns to organic production were less than for conventional production. The author
noted that these returns are specific to conditions in 1999. Organic producers are paid a fixed
price per hundredweight (cwt) for organic milk determined by organic creameries that does not
Latinas have the second highest teen pregnancy rate (17%), a rate
that is almost twice as high as that of white teens. Factors leading
to higher teen pregnancy rates among Latinas include lower rates of
contraception use and limited knowledge concerning sexuality issues
and birth control methods.
The consequences of teen pregnancy for
young Latinas can be considerable; few teen mothers are able to earn
a high school diploma or ﬁnd a job that pays a living wage.
First established on a national scale in Europe in the 1960s, developing countries introduced school-based
sexuality education in the 1980s. The emergence of HIV/AIDS gave many governments the impetus to
strengthen and expand sexuality education efforts and, currently, more than 100 countries have such
programs, including almost every country in sub-Saharan Africa (McCauley and Salter, 1995; Smith,
Kippax, and Aggleton, 2000; Rosen and Conly, 1998). U.N.
I have developed a wonderful network of Italian therapists as well as having met colleagues from
other countries who also practice in Rome. In fact, I had the distinct pleasure of hosting the 1st
annual Rome Conference on Emotional Well-Being. The 2nd
conference is in the planning
process! I have also asked a panel of mental health professionals to present at the Mediterranean
Association of International Schools Conference with me in Florence in November.
This study was conducted as part of a 4-year project
funded by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and
Health. The project forms a partnership of environmental
health scientists, health care providers, a community-based
organization (Centro Latino of Caldwell County), and
poultry workers to document the physical and psychosocial
impacts of poultry employment on Latinoworkers inwestern
North Carolina, and to develop ways of assisting workers
individually and collectively in protecting themselves from
the demands of this work.
There are no typical retention periods for program records because they are unique to
the individual office. They represent the reason the office exists and their retention is
usually specified in some statute or regulation that established the office or program. A
few program records may be identified for permanent retention however most will be
retained for a specific number of years, or as perpetual records with an “Active” period,
just like administrative records.
Most program records are large in volume and may be required much longer than
Countries should intensify efforts to measure and regularly monitor medicine prices
and availability, and adopt policy measures to address the issues identified. A range
of policy options are available to address issues of high prices and low availability
of medicines. Low public sector availability can be addressed through improved
procurement efficiency, and adequate, equitable and sustainable financing. Medicine
prices can be reduced by eliminating duties and taxes on medicines and promoting
the use of quality-assured generic medicines.
Despite some clear successes, many countries are still failing to implement the policy and
programme changes needed to improve access to affordable medicines. Although the
challenges faced differ from country to country, a common problem is a lack of techni-
cal capacity to link price data to local policy processes (and so determine the causes of
high prices and unexplained price variations) and to identify and prepare suitable lines of
Though the resaw process can be easy and a delight when the machines are well
adjusted and your stock has consistent grain, it can be a nightmare when either aren't.
Resaw on the band saw requires that the guides be adjusted carefully. If you have only
cut thinner stock on your band saw (up to 2" or so) you may have never had the need
to carefully adjust the guides. Here it is critical so that the blade is guided in the same
direction both below the table and above the work on the descending arm.
Better quality replacement...