Intensity transformations

Xem 1-17 trên 17 kết quả Intensity transformations
  • Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) studies showed the changes in a relative intensity of stretching vibrations of the PANI and PANI-Ni films, in a band of 1480 and 1590 cm-1 , as well as those in a band of 1200 and 1350 cm-1 , and evidenced the conversion of quinoid form of PANI to bipolaron structure, and finally to the more delocalized polaronic sites during protonation. This also shows that nickel-nanoclusters play a role as a source supplying protons to promote the protonation, giving a change in population of quinoid and aromatic forms of PANI, and increasing a number of NH bond.

    pdf6p uocvong02 24-09-2015 9 2   Download

  • Eckhart Tolle is emerging as one of today's most inspiring teachers. In The Power of Now , already a word-of-mouth bestseller in Canada, the author describes his transition from despair to self-realization soon after his 29th birthday. Tolle took another ten years to understand this transformation, during which time he evolved a philosophy that has parallels in Buddhism, relaxation techniques, and meditation theory but is also eminently practical.

    pdf145p narutofan 07-09-2010 107 35   Download

  • This book, based on intensive research I have conducted since the late 1970s, is my attempt to cover in one monograph the modern theory of surface generation with a focus on kinematic geometry of surfacemachining on amultiaxis numerical control (NC) machine. Although the orientation of this book is toward computer-aided design (CAD) and computer-aidedmanufacturing (CAM), it is also useful for solving problems that relate to the generation of surfaces on machine tools of conventional design (for example, gear generators, and so forth)....

    pdf516p pt_1669 28-03-2012 38 12   Download

  • The idea of using ultrasonic waves in medical and engineering fields came from military applications of sound waves in sonar systems. Sokolov, Firestone, Simons, and several other researchers are among the ones who studied this high frequency kind of wave in the first half of twentieth century. Ultrasonic waves are defined as those with frequencies higher than 20 kHz. The constant development of data acquisition systems and probes seems to work, removing the upper limit of the wave frequency that can be acquired.

    pdf304p qsczaxewd 25-09-2012 35 9   Download

  • The first is Faraday’s law of induction, the second is Amp`ere’s law as amended by Maxwell to include the displacement current ∂D/∂t, the third and fourth are Gauss’ laws for the electric and magnetic fields. The displacement current term ∂D/∂t in Amp`ere’s law is essential in predicting the existence of propagating electromagnetic waves. Its role in establishing charge conservation is discussed in Sec. 1.7. Eqs. (1.1.1) are in SI units.

    pdf0p kuckucucu 15-05-2012 30 5   Download

  • More resilient to changes in the details of the XML documents than low-level DOM and SAX. Memory intensive and suffers a performance penalty Difficult to implement complicated business rules Have to learn a new language Can’t change the value of variables (requires recurs...

    pdf37p thiuyen12 15-09-2011 22 4   Download

  • Globally, clinker is typically produced in rotary kilns. Rotary kilns can be either wet process or dry process kilns. Wet process rotary kilns are more energy-intensive and have been rapidly phased out over the past few decades in almost all industrialized countries except the US and the former Soviet Union.

    pdf219p loixinloi 08-05-2013 21 4   Download

  • The contribution of inorganic fertilizer to surface water N contamination increased after 1960 as the widespread and intensive use of inorganic N fertilizers rapidly expanded. [3] The use of N fertilizer has allowed greater production of feed and food crops per unit area cultivated. In the United States, 75% of N fertilizer is applied to maize, while in other countries, N fertilizer is primarily used on wheat and rice.

    pdf10p tainhacmienphi 19-02-2013 14 3   Download

  • Hydrogenation is one of the most intensively studied fields of metal complex catalyzed homogeneous transformations. There are several reasons for such a strong interest in this reaction. First of all, there are numerous important compounds which can be produced through hydrogenation, such as pharmaceuticals, herbicides, flavors, fragrances, etc [1-3]. Activation of is involved in other important industrial processes, such as hydroformylation, therefore the mechanistic conclusions drawn from hydrogenation studies can be relevant in those fields, as well.

    pdf51p boyminsk 10-06-2010 79 19   Download

  • At the same time, high tech professionals often perceive work as a “serious game” (Strannegård & Friberg, 2001), and not drudgery: they involve in playful behaviors at work (Hunter, Jemielniak, & Postuła, 2010). Software engineers often participate in non-paid, open collaboration production (Lakhani & Von Hippel, 2003). Modes of collaboration established in virtual and high-tech communities are similarly transforming workplace relations in the brick-and-mortar organizations (Benkler, 2006).

    pdf332p namde02 12-03-2013 31 13   Download

  • Since the 1980s, the food and beverage industry has made children and adolescents the targets of intense and specialized food marketing and advertising efforts. The proliferation of electronic media, the deregulation of and declining support for public service advertising, and the booming economy of the 1990s all contributed to the transformation of children into a consumer group (Packaged Facts, 2000). In addition, the overabundance of certain foods in the U.S. food supply (such as corn and grains) along with decreased food production costs, allows food...

    pdf88p dangsuynghi 15-03-2013 26 7   Download

  • The statistical analysis of multivariate data requires a variety of techniques that are entirely different from the analysis of one-dimensional data. The study of the joint distribution of many variables in high dimensions involves matrix techniques that are not part of standard curricula. The same is true for transformations and computer-intensive techniques, such as projection pursuit.

    pdf367p crius75 02-01-2013 46 6   Download

  • Given the strong leadership evidenced by the current Governors of New York and New Jersey,  and  their  appropriate  and  intense  focus  on  responsible  government,  increased  transparency,  organizational  efficiency  and  fiscal  responsibility,  the  Port  Authority  now  has  a window  of  opportunity to drive the transformational changes fundamental to addressing the challenges of  the organization.

    pdf53p tay_thi_le 19-02-2013 14 3   Download

  • The crisis can, however, magnify the competitive advantage of research-intense firms who seize the opportunity to reinforce market leadership through increased spending on innovation and R&D. Many of today’s leading firms such as Microsoft or Nokia were born or transformed in the “creative destruction” of economic downturns. And several of today's leading technology firms such as Samsung Electronics, or Google strongly increased their R&D expenditures during and after the “new economy” bust of 2001. ...

    pdf52p trinhcaidat 19-04-2013 22 3   Download

  • Solving the system of equations describing the stationary operation of a two-mode random microlaser we have found the transformation of saturated values of mode intensity when laser parameters as gain and loss coefficients as well as field coupling, photon hopping coefficients vary. From obtained results we determined which parameter takes the most important role for stationary operation of random microlasers.

    pdf4p tuanlocmuido 19-12-2012 17 2   Download

  • Practically speaking, because buildings are made from a series of parts, their assembly relies on techniques of aggregating and manipulating two­ dimensional materials. Computer fabrication has opened a realm for architects to perceptually heighten and make visible the nature of this accretion through constructed repetition and difference.

    pdf18p quynho77 13-11-2012 5 1   Download

  • Wild birds have taken much of the blame for the spread of H5N1 across the world but this report by Compassion in World Farming unveils evidence showing that the development of highly pathogenic strains of bird flu lies at the door of factory farming. The past two decades have seen a complete transformation in the poultry industry with a 300% increase in production across the world. This increase is, by and large, thanks to reliance on intensive farms and a transnational production system. Poultry production is now a global affair.

    pdf6p loginnhanh 22-04-2013 16 1   Download

Đồng bộ tài khoản